doc/packaging.txt
author Mike Sullivan <Mike.Sullivan@Oracle.COM>
Fri, 13 May 2016 17:33:30 -0700
changeset 5983 f10ab5ae99d7
parent 5571 bd6c9b9b753f
child 7829 2de4f4ace09c
permissions -rw-r--r--
Close of build 99.3.
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                Userland Consolidation Packaging Guidelines.
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	Each component that integrates into the Userland consolidation must have at
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least one package manifest that describes the content to be delivered.  In some
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cases components *may* deliver through multiple packages.  Canonical component
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package manifests must be placed in the component's build directory.  They also
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must be named *.p5m.
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    In order to understand what must go in the content of a package manifest,
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it's useful to have an understanding of how a canonical manifest is transformed
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into a final manifest used for package publication.  Manifest transformation
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takes the following basic path:
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    canonical manifest
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    (.../{component}/{component}.p5m)
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            |
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            v
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    mogrified manifest
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    (.../{component}/{build-dir}/manifest-$(MACH)-{component}.mogrified)
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            |
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            v
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    mangled manifest file contents
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    (.../{component}/{build-dir}/manifest-$(ARCH)-{component}.mangled)
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            |
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            v
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    dependencies generated
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    (.../{component}/{build-dir}/manifest-$(MACH)-{component}.depend)
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            |
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            v
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    dependencies resolved
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    (.../{component}/{build-dir}/manifest-$(MACH)-{component}.depend.res)
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            |
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            v
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    manifest validation
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    (.../{component}/{build-dir}/.linted-$(MACH))
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            |
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            v
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    publication manifest
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    (.../{component}/{build-dir}/manifest-$(MACH)-{component}.published)
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            v
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    publication
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Canonical Manifest
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    The canonical manifest contains actions that can't otherwise be generated
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    automatically from the data encapsulated in the component Makefile, gate
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    transformations, build tree, and packaging tools.  This includes actions
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    for license information, some path related attributes, legacy actions, 
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    non-discoverable dependencies, users, groups, drivers, and others.
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    Actions that are associated with objects that are specific to a single
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    architecture should be tagged with a 'variant.arch' attribute specific to
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    the architecture that applied to the action.  Ex:
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        file path=/usr/lib/$(MACH64)/libx86onlybits.so variant.arch=i386
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    Actions for editable files must include an appropriate 'preserve' attribute:
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        file path=etc/gnu/a2ps.cfg preserve=true mode=0644
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    license actions should be placed in the canonical manifest, as should a
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    handful of other special actions noted in the "Manually generated actions"
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    section just below.
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Manually generated actions
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    * com.oracle.info.description is a terse description of what utilities,
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      libraries and/or services the package provides.  This should be short,
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      specific, concise text, identifying the technology covered by the
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      associated license(s).  It should fit naturally in the sentence "This
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      package may contain XXX."  For example, "XXX" might be "the tar command"
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      or "bzip2 compression software."  When appropriate, this may begin with
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      "portions of" or another, more specific qualifying clause.
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    * com.oracle.info.tpno is the Oracle 3rd party license number.
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    * info.classification is "org.opensolaris.category.2008:FOO" where FOO
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      varies according to the sorts of utilities, libraries and/or services
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      that the package provides.  Existing packages contain most useful
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      values; check them out to find the closest match.  For a complete
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      list of allowed values, refer to the Solaris system file
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      /usr/share/lib/pkg/opensolaris.org.sections .
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    * org.opensolaris.arc-caseid is typically "PSARC/YYYY/###" and multiple
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      different values are allowed.
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    * pkg.summary is a short synopsis of what the package provides.
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    * org.opensolaris.consolidation is the name of the consolidation delivering
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      the package.  In Userland, this is $(CONSOLIDATION) (which expands to
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      "Userland" during the build).  Manifests in the Userland gate can also
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      decorate this package attribute with an 'incorporate={incorporation-name}'
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      decoration to specify where the package should be incorporated at the end
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      of the userland build.  A special value of 'none' will cause the package
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      to be unincorporated and float freely from the rest of the rest of the
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      packages.  Note that unincorporated packages don't automatically get
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      updated with the rest of the system when 'pkg update' is run unless the
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      unincorporated package(s) are specified on the command line.
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Mogrified Manifest
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    The canonical manifest is combined with a set of the transforms
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    in $(WS_TOP)/transforms, and a set of macros to more complete
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    package manifest using pkgmogrify(1).  The transforms apply default
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    attributes to the various actions in the canonical manifest(s).  More
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    detail about the attributes can be found in the transform file themselves.
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    The macros applied at the time of mogrification are as follows:
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        $(MACH)
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        $(MACH32)
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        $(MACH64)
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        $(PUBLISHER)
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        $(CONSOLIDATION)
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        $(BUILD_VERSION)
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        $(SOLARIS_VERSION)
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        $(OS_VERSION)
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        $(IPS_COMPONENT_VERSION)
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        $(COMPONENT_VERSION)
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        $(COMPONENT_PROJECT_URL)
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        $(COMPONENT_ARCHIVE_URL)
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Dependencies Generated
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    The mogrified manifest and the prototype install tree are passed through
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    pkgdepend(1) to generate a set of dependencies for the package content.
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    These dependencies are only those that "pkgdepend generate" can determine
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    on its own.  Additional dependencies that cannot be automatically
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    determined by pkgdepend(1) should be placed in the canonical manifest.
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    Statically defined dependencies should be described in a canonical manifest
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    in an unresolved form (ie. the form generated by "pkgdepend generate").
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    Ex:
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	    depend fmri=__TBD pkg.debug.depend.file=etc/passwd \
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		        pkg.debug.reason=usr/bin/vipw type=require
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        depend fmri=__TBD pkg.debug.depend.file=sh \
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                pkg.debug.depend.path=usr/bin \
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                pkg.debug.depend.reason=usr/bin/psmandup \
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                pkg.debug.depend.type=script type=require
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    This will allow the next step to resolve all dependencies to their proper
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    package(s).
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Dependencies Resolved
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    The manifest with unresolved dependencies is passed through pkgdepend(1)
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    again to resolve dependencies against the package repositories.  The result
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    is a manifest that is suitable for publication.  All these manifests are
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    processed together in a single step, which is more efficient than resolving
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    dependencies in each manifest separately.  While each manifest ends up with
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    a .depend.res copy in the build directory, the umbrella dependency
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    resolution target is {build-dir}/.resolved-$(MACH).
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    The resolution step is also set up to use the -e flag to pkgdepend resolve,
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    which limits the set of packages it looks at to resolve the dependencies it
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    generated in the previous step.  This makes the resolution step a great deal
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    faster, but requires that you include a static list of these packages in
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    your component Makefile REQUIRED_PACKAGES macro.  You can automatically
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    add REQURIED_PACKAGES settings for the packages used in dependency
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    resolution by running "gmake REQUIRED_PACKAGES".  Once you have done so,
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    you should manually verify the Makefile additions.
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Manifest Validation
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    The resolved manifest(s) and prototype install tree are passed through
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    a set of validations.  This includes running pkglint(1), comparing the
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    manifest content to the prototype install tree, and validation of the file
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    content of the prototype install tree.  Any anomalies are reported.
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    Content validation is performed by extension to pkglint(1) in
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    $(WS_TOP)/tools/python/userland-lint
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    Note that when integrating new packages, and one or more of them depends
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    on or more of the others, then this may result:
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        WARNING pkglint.action005.1      obsolete dependency check skipped:
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            unable to find dependency (target pkg) for (source pkg)
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    This means that the target package was not found in the reference repo,
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    which was the source of the pkglint cache that was created when 'gmake
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    setup' was run after the workspace was created; thus the warning is
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    harmless and can be ignored in this circumstance.
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Publication.
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    Once manifest validation has occurred, the package(s) is/are finally
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    published to the workspace package repository.
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Facets
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    Many facets are automatically set by default via transforms 
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    in $(WS_TOPS)/transforms, such as facet.doc.*, facet.devel, etc.
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    optional.test
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    In most cases, we do not include files in the package manifest
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    if they are used exclusively for testing that component.
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    If we do include component test files, they should be tagged
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    with the facet optional.test=true.  There is no default transform
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    for such files, since they do not follow a naming pattern.
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    See the components python/python-3{4,5}, mailman, or 
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    python/astroid for examples.
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Renames
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    Renames in IPS are tricky.  We will use a case study to illustrate how
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    this needs to work.
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    All of the library/python-2/FOO modules that we had in Userland at the
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    time were renamed to library/python/FOO in s12_41.  This involved:
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    * changing the FMRI to drop the "-2"
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    * adding an optional dependency on the old name at the version and build
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      in which the rename occurred; this forces the rename.
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    * depend type=optional fmri=library/python-2/FOO-$(PYV)@VERSION,BUILD
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      where FOO is the component name (e.g., "alembic", "amqp", etc.),
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      "$(PYV)" is that literal string, VERSION was the expanded value of
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      COMPONENT_VERSION from each component's Makefile (e.g., "0.6.0" for
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      alembic, "1.0.12" for amqp, etc.), and BUILD was set to
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      "5.12-5.12.0.0.0.41.0".  Note that BUILD needs to be set to the value of
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      the build you are integrating into.
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    * creation of the file "history" (or adding to it if it already exists)
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      in each affected component directory (see NOTE 2 below); one or more
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      new lines should be added (in the case of python or other language
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      component, one for the versionless package plus one for each versioned
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      instance of the package; for an example of a less complicated
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      component that does not have a 'versionless' package like python, see
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      components/subversion)
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      with syntax:
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	  renames:      [email protected],BUILD NEW-NAME
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	  obsoletions:  [email protected],BUILD
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      where e.g. OLD-NAME was library/python-2/FOO, NEW-NAME was
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      library/python/FOO, VERSION and BUILD are all as above.  Most Python
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      modules, including the two mentioned above, have such files which can
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      serve as examples.
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      By default, packages created from the history files will be part of
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      the userland-incorporation.  If a package needs to be included in a
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      different incorporation, then incorporate=INCORPORATION may be
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      placed on the end of either the rename or obsoletion line.
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      Examples with incorporate=consolidation/desktop/gnome-incorporation
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      may be found in components/meta-packages/history/history.
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    So far, not too bad.  This gets slightly more complicated when back-
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    porting in that BUILD needs to be set to the back-port build (e.g.,
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    "5.11-0.175.3.0.0.8.0", as was the case for tkinter-27) rather than
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    the S12 build.
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    If the component is at the same version as when the rename was done, then
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    that's it.  But if the component has since been upgraded, then care must
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    be taken to set VERSION in both places above to the value that it was in
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    s12_41 when the rename was originally done.  In particular, the latest
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    version of a package name in an earlier release branch must not be greater
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    than the latest version of that same package name in the newer release
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    branch.  Otherwise the audits from Release Engineering will complain and
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    our gatekeeper will make you do a follow-up push to fix this.
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    In addition, during the transition period before all CBE machines have
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    the new package, the REQUIRED_PACKAGES in the Makefiles of any components
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    that depend on your package must include both your old and new package
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    names.  This is because those names are actually the limit set, to speed
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    up processing, rather than a true required list.
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    If you tell pkgdepend it can look for the the component dependencies in
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    either the old package name or the new name, then it will find them and
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    be happy.  If only one of your package names is listed and it doesn't
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    happen to be the one installed on the build system, the dependencies will
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    be unsatisifed and the build will break.
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    Until the new package name is available for installation, "gmake
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    system-check" will fail because it attempts to install all the packages
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    listed in REQUIRED_PACKAGES.  This can be ignored, but should be noted
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    in a flag-day so that people are aware they can ignore it.  Once the new
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    package name can be installed (even simply after running "gmake publish"
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    for the missing component and having your workspace publisher enabled on
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    the test system), this is no longer an issue, so there is no urgency in
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    removing the old name from the list.
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    NOTE:  The package version for the old name must be in the format shown
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    on in pkg contents -m output (before the colon) and not in the format
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    seen in the output of pkg list or pkg info, e.g.:
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    So, if contents -m library/python-2/subversion showed this:
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    set name=pkg.fmri value=pkg://solaris/library/python-2/[email protected],5.12-5.12.0.0.0.41.0:20140130T085214Z
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    they used this:
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        library/python-2/[email protected],5.12-5.12.0.0.0.41.0
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    not this:
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        library/python-2/[email protected]
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    NOTE 2: The generic package renaming directions in Solaris documentation,
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    which call for preserving a 'rename' package (containing only metadata and
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    dependencies on the new package names) is not applicable when using the
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    Userland history file method.  The 'rename' package is created by
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    the Userland consolidation build, using the data in the history file.
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    So simply rename and edit the manifest (p5m file) to the new name instead
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    of creating an additional file.
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=============================
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Component EOF (End Of Feature) 
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=============================
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This is a brief description on how to remove a component from Userland for
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an EOF.
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Deleting the Component
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----------------------
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At some point, you will need to do a "hg remove" of the component's directory.
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This can be done before or after you make the necessary entry in the
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components/meta-packages/history/history file.  In this file you will see plenty
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of examples like this:
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backup/[email protected]
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You will need to make sure you have the correct package name, version, and
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build you are targeting for the EOF for your new entry.  Also check for an old
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SUNW entry at the top of the file.  If there is one you will need to change
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this to match the targeted build.  So something like this:
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[email protected],5.11-0.133 backup/[email protected]
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Should be changed to:
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[email protected]
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Remember that the package may have had numerous names in its history.
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Generally the way to find this is by using:
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    pkg search -o search.match_type,pkg.name depend::<package name>
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First with the package to be EOF'ed, and then examining each of the dependent
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packages. If there are require dependencies on any of the dependents, then the
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latter should be examined to see if it need to be either EOF'ed at the same
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time, or at least updated to remove the dependency you're trying to EOF.
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Check to see if the package you are removing is referenced by a group package
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(pkg list -n 'group/*').  See the 'EOFs and Removals' and 'Group Packages'
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sections in /usr/src/pkg/README.pkg from the on-gate for further details. 
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Testing
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-------
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To test your changes the first thing you will need to do is to invoke
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'gmake publish' from the components/meta-packages/history directory or at the
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top level (a full Userland build) if you are removing multiple components.  Once
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this is complete you will need to setup a client with the EOF package(s)
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installed.
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Then perform the following steps:
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1. # pkg set-publisher \
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     -P -p file:///net/strax/builds/your_name/your_dir/i386/repo
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If you are removing just a single component:
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2. pkg change-facet 'facet.version-lock.<eof_package_name_goes_here>=false'
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3. pkg update pkg://nightly/<eof_package_name_goes_here>
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After the update the component package should be removed from the test system.
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If you are removing multiple components:
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2. pkg change-facet \
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     version-lock.consolidation/userland/userland-incorporation=false
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3. pkg update pkg://nightly/consolidation/userland/userland-incorporation
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After the update the EOF component packages should be removed from the test
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system.
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For languages and anything else that has modules or is otherwise part of the
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Userland build environment you will need to do a full build, of both ISAs, on
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the test machines you just updated.
5454
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