16429300 update zoneinfo timezones to 2013a s11u1-sru 0.175.1.16.0.1.0 S11.1SRU16.1
authorSunil Kumar H G - Oracle Corporation - Bangalore India <sunil.kumar.h.g@oracle.com>
Mon, 06 Jan 2014 22:11:36 -0800
branchs11u1-sru
changeset 2885 d30d6b93a93a
parent 2883 734543bc15a9
child 2886 3a376cf72e70
16429300 update zoneinfo timezones to 2013a 16489021 update zoneinfo timezones to 2013b 16705824 update zoneinfo timezones to 2013c 17065045 update zoneinfo timezones to 2013d
components/timezone/Makefile
components/timezone/README
components/timezone/africa
components/timezone/antarctica
components/timezone/asia
components/timezone/australasia
components/timezone/country.tab
components/timezone/europe
components/timezone/northamerica
components/timezone/southamerica
components/timezone/system-data-timezone.p5m
components/timezone/zone.tab.txt
components/timezone/zone_sun.tab
--- a/components/timezone/Makefile	Fri Dec 20 07:41:03 2013 -0800
+++ b/components/timezone/Makefile	Mon Jan 06 22:11:36 2014 -0800
@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@
 #
 # CDDL HEADER END
 #
-# Copyright (c) 2005, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+# Copyright (c) 2005, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 #
 include ../../make-rules/shared-macros.mk
 
@@ -27,7 +27,7 @@
 
 COMPONENT_BUGDB=	utility/timezone
 
-HUMAN_VERSION=		2012j
+HUMAN_VERSION=		2013d
 
 # "etcetera" must be listed before "backward" because it sets up links that
 # "backward" needs.
--- a/components/timezone/README	Fri Dec 20 07:41:03 2013 -0800
+++ b/components/timezone/README	Mon Jan 06 22:11:36 2014 -0800
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-Copyright (c) 1999, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+Copyright (c) 1999, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 
 The /usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/src directory contains zoneinfo timezone source
 files.  These source files have been compiled using zic(1M) to create
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@
 The zoneinfo files track the Olson public source provided at
 ftp://ftp.iana.org/tz/releases/, therefore zoneinfo files may be added and
 removed as the Solaris source is updated.  The current Solaris release of
-the zoneinfo files is based on tzdata2012j.tar.gz.
+the zoneinfo files is based on tzdata2013d.tar.gz.
 
 The /usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/GMT[+-]* timezones listed below have been
 removed from the release.  Replace usage of the
--- a/components/timezone/africa	Fri Dec 20 07:41:03 2013 -0800
+++ b/components/timezone/africa	Mon Jan 06 22:11:36 2014 -0800
@@ -6,7 +6,7 @@
 # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
 # [email protected] for general use in the future).
 
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):
 #
 # A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
 # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
@@ -25,6 +25,10 @@
 # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
 # I found in the UCLA library.
 #
+# For data circa 1899, a common source is:
+# Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94
+# <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>.
+#
 # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
 # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
 #
@@ -116,8 +120,12 @@
 			1:00	-	WAT
 
 # Botswana
+# From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):
+# Milne says they were regulated by the Cape Town Signal in 1899;
+# assume they switched to 2:00 when Cape Town did.
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
 Zone	Africa/Gaborone	1:43:40 -	LMT	1885
+			1:30	-	SAST	1903 Mar
 			2:00	-	CAT	1943 Sep 19 2:00
 			2:00	1:00	CAST	1944 Mar 19 2:00
 			2:00	-	CAT
@@ -189,6 +197,11 @@
 
 # Egypt
 
+# Milne says Cairo used 2:05:08.9, the local mean time of the Abbasizeh
+# observatory; round to nearest.  Milne also says that the official time for
+# Egypt was mean noon at the Great Pyramid, 2:04:30.5, but apparently this
+# did not apply to Cairo, Alexandria, or Port Said.
+
 # Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
 Rule	Egypt	1940	only	-	Jul	15	0:00	1:00	S
 Rule	Egypt	1940	only	-	Oct	 1	0:00	0	-
@@ -329,7 +342,7 @@
 Rule	Egypt	2010	only	-	Sep	lastThu	23:00s	0	-
 
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
-Zone	Africa/Cairo	2:05:00 -	LMT	1900 Oct
+Zone	Africa/Cairo	2:05:09 -	LMT	1900 Oct
 			2:00	Egypt	EE%sT
 
 # Equatorial Guinea
@@ -833,6 +846,47 @@
 # 3:00 am Friday, July 20, 2012 and will again be advanced by 60 minutes
 # August 20, 2012 from 2:00 am.
 
+# From Paul Eggert (2013-03-06):
+# Morocco's daylight-saving transitions due to Ramadan seem to be
+# announced a bit in advance.  On 2012-07-11 the Moroccan government
+# announced that year's Ramadan daylight-saving transitions would be
+# 2012-07-20 and 2012-08-20; see
+# <http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288>.
+
+# From Andrew Paprocki (2013-07-02):
+# Morocco announced that the year's Ramadan daylight-savings
+# transitions would be 2013-07-07 and 2013-08-10; see:
+# http://www.maroc.ma/en/news/morocco-suspends-daylight-saving-time-july-7-aug10
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2013-07-03):
+# To estimate what the Moroccan government will do in future years,
+# transition dates for 2014 through 2021 were determined by running
+# the following program under GNU Emacs 24.3:
+#
+# (let ((islamic-year 1435))
+#   (while (< islamic-year 1444)
+#     (let ((a
+#	     (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute
+#	      (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 9 1 islamic-year))))
+#	    (b
+#	     (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute
+#	      (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 10 1 islamic-year)))))
+#	(insert
+#	 (format
+#	  (concat "Rule\tMorocco\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t %2d\t 3:00\t0\t-\n"
+#		  "Rule\tMorocco\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t %2d\t 2:00\t1:00\tS\n")
+#	  (car (cdr (cdr a))) (calendar-month-name (car a) t) (car (cdr a))
+#	  (car (cdr (cdr b))) (calendar-month-name (car b) t) (car (cdr b)))))
+#     (setq islamic-year (+ 1 islamic-year))))
+#
+# with the results hand-edited for 2020-2022, when the normal spring-forward
+# date falls during the estimated Ramadan.
+#
+# From 2023 through 2038 Ramadan is not predicted to overlap with
+# daylight saving time.  Starting in 2039 there will be overlap again,
+# but 32-bit time_t values roll around in 2038 so for now do not worry
+# about dates after 2038.
+
 # RULE	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
 
 Rule	Morocco	1939	only	-	Sep	12	 0:00	1:00	S
@@ -858,10 +912,28 @@
 Rule	Morocco	2010	only	-	Aug	 8	 0:00	0	-
 Rule	Morocco	2011	only	-	Apr	 3	 0:00	1:00	S
 Rule	Morocco	2011	only	-	Jul	 31	 0	0	-
-Rule	Morocco	2012	max	-	Apr	 lastSun 2:00	1:00	S
+Rule	Morocco	2012	2019	-	Apr	 lastSun 2:00	1:00	S
 Rule	Morocco	2012	max	-	Sep	 lastSun 3:00	0	-
 Rule	Morocco	2012	only	-	Jul	 20	 3:00	0	-
 Rule	Morocco	2012	only	-	Aug	 20	 2:00	1:00	S
+Rule	Morocco	2013	only	-	Jul	  7	 3:00	0	-
+Rule	Morocco	2013	only	-	Aug	 10	 2:00	1:00	S
+Rule	Morocco	2014	only	-	Jun	 29	 3:00	0	-
+Rule	Morocco	2014	only	-	Jul	 29	 2:00	1:00	S
+Rule	Morocco	2015	only	-	Jun	 18	 3:00	0	-
+Rule	Morocco	2015	only	-	Jul	 18	 2:00	1:00	S
+Rule	Morocco	2016	only	-	Jun	  7	 3:00	0	-
+Rule	Morocco	2016	only	-	Jul	  7	 2:00	1:00	S
+Rule	Morocco	2017	only	-	May	 27	 3:00	0	-
+Rule	Morocco	2017	only	-	Jun	 26	 2:00	1:00	S
+Rule	Morocco	2018	only	-	May	 16	 3:00	0	-
+Rule	Morocco	2018	only	-	Jun	 15	 2:00	1:00	S
+Rule	Morocco	2019	only	-	May	  6	 3:00	0	-
+Rule	Morocco	2019	only	-	Jun	  5	 2:00	1:00	S
+Rule	Morocco	2020	only	-	May	 24	 2:00	1:00	S
+Rule	Morocco	2021	only	-	May	 13	 2:00	1:00	S
+Rule	Morocco	2022	only	-	May	  3	 2:00	1:00	S
+Rule	Morocco	2023	max	-	Apr	 lastSun 2:00	1:00	S
 
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
 Zone Africa/Casablanca	-0:30:20 -	LMT	1913 Oct 26
--- a/components/timezone/antarctica	Fri Dec 20 07:41:03 2013 -0800
+++ b/components/timezone/antarctica	Mon Jan 06 22:11:36 2014 -0800
@@ -50,38 +50,8 @@
 Rule	ChileAQ	2010	only	-	Apr	Sun>=1	3:00u	0	-
 Rule	ChileAQ	2011	only	-	May	Sun>=2	3:00u	0	-
 Rule	ChileAQ	2011	only	-	Aug	Sun>=16	4:00u	1:00	S
-Rule	ChileAQ	2012	only	-	Apr	Sun>=23	3:00u	0	-
-Rule	ChileAQ	2012	only	-	Sep	Sun>=2	4:00u	1:00	S
-Rule	ChileAQ	2013	max	-	Mar	Sun>=9	3:00u	0	-
-Rule	ChileAQ	2013	max	-	Oct	Sun>=9	4:00u	1:00	S
-
-# These rules are stolen from the `australasia' file.
-Rule	AusAQ	1917	only	-	Jan	 1	0:01	1:00	-
-Rule	AusAQ	1917	only	-	Mar	25	2:00	0	-
-Rule	AusAQ	1942	only	-	Jan	 1	2:00	1:00	-
-Rule	AusAQ	1942	only	-	Mar	29	2:00	0	-
-Rule	AusAQ	1942	only	-	Sep	27	2:00	1:00	-
-Rule	AusAQ	1943	1944	-	Mar	lastSun	2:00	0	-
-Rule	AusAQ	1943	only	-	Oct	 3	2:00	1:00	-
-Rule	ATAQ	1967	only	-	Oct	Sun>=1	2:00s	1:00	-
-Rule	ATAQ	1968	only	-	Mar	lastSun	2:00s	0	-
-Rule	ATAQ	1968	1985	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00s	1:00	-
-Rule	ATAQ	1969	1971	-	Mar	Sun>=8	2:00s	0	-
-Rule	ATAQ	1972	only	-	Feb	lastSun	2:00s	0	-
-Rule	ATAQ	1973	1981	-	Mar	Sun>=1	2:00s	0	-
-Rule	ATAQ	1982	1983	-	Mar	lastSun	2:00s	0	-
-Rule	ATAQ	1984	1986	-	Mar	Sun>=1	2:00s	0	-
-Rule	ATAQ	1986	only	-	Oct	Sun>=15	2:00s	1:00	-
-Rule	ATAQ	1987	1990	-	Mar	Sun>=15	2:00s	0	-
-Rule	ATAQ	1987	only	-	Oct	Sun>=22	2:00s	1:00	-
-Rule	ATAQ	1988	1990	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00s	1:00	-
-Rule	ATAQ	1991	1999	-	Oct	Sun>=1	2:00s	1:00	-
-Rule	ATAQ	1991	2005	-	Mar	lastSun	2:00s	0	-
-Rule	ATAQ	2000	only	-	Aug	lastSun	2:00s	1:00	-
-Rule	ATAQ	2001	max	-	Oct	Sun>=1	2:00s	1:00	-
-Rule	ATAQ	2006	only	-	Apr	Sun>=1	2:00s	0	-
-Rule	ATAQ	2007	only	-	Mar	lastSun	2:00s	0	-
-Rule	ATAQ	2008	max	-	Apr	Sun>=1	2:00s	0	-
+Rule	ChileAQ	2012	max	-	Apr	Sun>=23	3:00u	0	-
+Rule	ChileAQ	2012	max	-	Sep	Sun>=2	4:00u	1:00	S
 
 # Argentina - year-round bases
 # Belgrano II, Confin Coast, -770227-0343737, since 1972-02-05
@@ -124,10 +94,7 @@
 # </a>
 
 # From Steffen Thorsen (2010-03-10):
-# We got these changes from the Australian Antarctic Division:
-# - Macquarie Island will stay on UTC+11 for winter and therefore not
-# switch back from daylight savings time when other parts of Australia do
-# on 4 April.
+# We got these changes from the Australian Antarctic Division: ...
 #
 # - Casey station reverted to its normal time of UTC+8 on 5 March 2010.
 # The change to UTC+11 is being considered as a regular summer thing but
@@ -138,9 +105,6 @@
 #
 # - Mawson station stays on UTC+5.
 #
-# In addition to the Rule changes for Casey/Davis, it means that Macquarie
-# will no longer be like Hobart and will have to have its own Zone created.
-#
 # Background:
 # <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/antartica-time-changes-2010.html">
 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/antartica-time-changes-2010.html
@@ -167,12 +131,6 @@
 			6:00	-	MAWT	2009 Oct 18 2:00
 						# Mawson Time
 			5:00	-	MAWT
-Zone Antarctica/Macquarie 0	-	zzz	1911
-			10:00	-	EST	1916 Oct 1 2:00
-			10:00	1:00	EST	1917 Feb
-			10:00	AusAQ	EST	1967
-			10:00	ATAQ	EST	2010 Apr 4 3:00
-			11:00	-	MIST	# Macquarie Island Time
 # References:
 # <a href="http://www.antdiv.gov.au/aad/exop/sfo/casey/casey_aws.html">
 # Casey Weather (1998-02-26)
--- a/components/timezone/asia	Fri Dec 20 07:41:03 2013 -0800
+++ b/components/timezone/asia	Mon Jan 06 22:11:36 2014 -0800
@@ -6,7 +6,7 @@
 # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
 # [email protected] for general use in the future).
 
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):
 #
 # A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
 # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
@@ -25,6 +25,10 @@
 # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
 # I found in the UCLA library.
 #
+# For data circa 1899, a common source is:
+# Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94
+# <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>.
+#
 # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
 # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
 #
@@ -279,9 +283,12 @@
 			8:00	-	BNT
 
 # Burma / Myanmar
+
+# Milne says 6:24:40 was the meridian of the time ball observatory at Rangoon.
+
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
 Zone	Asia/Rangoon	6:24:40 -	LMT	1880		# or Yangon
-			6:24:36	-	RMT	1920	   # Rangoon Mean Time?
+			6:24:40	-	RMT	1920	   # Rangoon Mean Time?
 			6:30	-	BURT	1942 May   # Burma Time
 			9:00	-	JST	1945 May 3
 			6:30	-	MMT		   # Myanmar Time
@@ -384,7 +391,8 @@
 			8:00	PRC	C%sT
 # Zhongyuan Time ("Central plain Time")
 # most of China
-Zone	Asia/Shanghai	8:05:52	-	LMT	1928
+# Milne gives 8:05:56.7; round to nearest.
+Zone	Asia/Shanghai	8:05:57	-	LMT	1928
 			8:00	Shang	C%sT	1949
 			8:00	PRC	C%sT
 # Long-shu Time (probably due to Long and Shu being two names of that area)
@@ -481,6 +489,10 @@
 			8:00	PRC	C%sT
 
 
+# Hong Kong (Xianggang)
+
+# Milne gives 7:36:41.7; round this.
+
 # From Lee Yiu Chung (2009-10-24):
 # I found there are some mistakes for the...DST rule for Hong
 # Kong. [According] to the DST record from Hong Kong Observatory (actually,
@@ -547,7 +559,6 @@
 # The Japanese surrender of Hong Kong was signed 1945-09-15.
 # For lack of anything better, use start of those days as the transition times.
 
-# Hong Kong (Xianggang)
 # Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
 Rule	HK	1941	only	-	Apr	1	3:30	1:00	S
 Rule	HK	1941	only	-	Sep	30	3:30	0	-
@@ -569,7 +580,7 @@
 Rule	HK	1979	only	-	May	Sun>=8	3:30	1:00	S
 Rule	HK	1979	only	-	Oct	Sun>=16	3:30	0	-
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
-Zone	Asia/Hong_Kong	7:36:36 -	LMT	1904 Oct 30
+Zone	Asia/Hong_Kong	7:36:42 -	LMT	1904 Oct 30
 			8:00	HK	HK%sT	1941 Dec 25
 			9:00	-	JST	1945 Sep 15
 			8:00	HK	HK%sT
@@ -646,6 +657,9 @@
 ###############################################################################
 
 # Cyprus
+#
+# Milne says the Eastern Telegraph Company used 2:14:00.  Stick with LMT.
+#
 # Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
 Rule	Cyprus	1975	only	-	Apr	13	0:00	1:00	S
 Rule	Cyprus	1975	only	-	Oct	12	0:00	0	-
@@ -1198,39 +1212,21 @@
 Rule	Zion	2012	only	-	Mar	Fri>=26	2:00	1:00	D
 Rule	Zion	2012	only	-	Sep	23	2:00	0	S
 
-# From Ephraim Silverberg (2012-10-18):
-# Yesterday, the Interior Ministry Committee, after more than a year
-# past, approved sending the proposed June 2011 changes to the Time
-# Decree Law back to the Knesset for second and third (final) votes
-# before the upcoming elections on Jan. 22, 2013.  Hence, although the
-# changes are not yet law, they are expected to be so before February 2013.
+# From Ephraim Silverberg (2013-06-27):
+# On June 23, 2013, the Israeli government approved changes to the
+# Time Decree Law.  The next day, the changes passed the First Reading
+# in the Knesset.  The law is expected to pass the Second and Third
+# (final) Readings by the beginning of September 2013.
 #
-# As of 2013, DST starts at 02:00 on the Friday before the last Sunday in March.
-# DST ends at 02:00 on the first Sunday after October 1, unless it occurs on the
-# second day of the Jewish Rosh Hashana holiday, in which case DST ends a day
-# later (i.e. at 02:00 the first Monday after October 2).
-# [Rosh Hashana holidays are factored in until 2100.]
-
-# From Ephraim Silverberg (2012-11-05):
-# The Knesset passed today (in second and final readings) the amendment to the
-# Time Decree Law making the changes ... law.
+# As of 2013, DST starts at 02:00 on the Friday before the last Sunday
+# in March.  DST ends at 02:00 on the last Sunday of October.
 
 # Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
 Rule	Zion	2013	max	-	Mar	Fri>=23	2:00	1:00	D
-Rule	Zion	2013	2026	-	Oct	Sun>=2	2:00	0	S
-Rule	Zion	2027	only	-	Oct	Mon>=3	2:00	0	S
-Rule	Zion	2028	max	-	Oct	Sun>=2	2:00	0	S
-# The following rules are commented out for now, as they break older
-# versions of zic that support only signed 32-bit timestamps, i.e.,
-# through 2038-01-19 03:14:07 UTC.
-#Rule	Zion	2028	2053	-	Oct	Sun>=2	2:00	0	S
-#Rule	Zion	2054	only	-	Oct	Mon>=3	2:00	0	S
-#Rule	Zion	2055	2080	-	Oct	Sun>=2	2:00	0	S
-#Rule	Zion	2081	only	-	Oct	Mon>=3	2:00	0	S
-#Rule	Zion	2082	max	-	Oct	Sun>=2	2:00	0	S
+Rule	Zion	2013	max	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00	0	S
 
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
-Zone	Asia/Jerusalem	2:20:56 -	LMT	1880
+Zone	Asia/Jerusalem	2:20:54 -	LMT	1880
 			2:20:40	-	JMT	1918	# Jerusalem Mean Time?
 			2:00	Zion	I%sT
 
@@ -1804,8 +1800,11 @@
 			5:45	-	NPT	# Nepal Time
 
 # Oman
+
+# Milne says 3:54:24 was the meridian of the Muscat Tidal Observatory.
+
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
-Zone	Asia/Muscat	3:54:20 -	LMT	1920
+Zone	Asia/Muscat	3:54:24 -	LMT	1920
 			4:00	-	GST
 
 # Pakistan
@@ -2274,11 +2273,20 @@
 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/gaza-west-bank-dst-2012.html
 # </a>
 
-# From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-27):
-# The timeanddate article for 2012 says that "the end date has not yet been
-# announced" and that "Last year, both...paused daylight saving time during...
-# Ramadan. It is not yet known [for] 2012."
-# For now, assume both switch back on the last Friday in September. XXX
+# From Steffen Thorsen (2013-03-26):
+# The following news sources tells that Palestine will "start daylight saving
+# time from midnight on Friday, March 29, 2013" (translated).
+# [These are in Arabic and are for Gaza and for Ramallah, respectively.]
+# http://www.samanews.com/index.php?act=Show&id=154120
+# http://safa.ps/details/news/99844/%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%85-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%84%D9%87-%D8%A8%D8%AF%D8%A1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%82%D9%8A%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B5%D9%8A%D9%81%D9%8A-29-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AC%D8%A7%D8%B1%D9%8A.html
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2013-04-15):
+# For future dates, guess the last Thursday in March at 24:00 through
+# the first Friday on or after September 21 at 01:00.  This is consistent with
+# the predictions in today's editions of the following URLs,
+# which are for Gaza and Hebron respectively:
+# http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/timezone.html?n=702
+# http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/timezone.html?n=2364
 
 # Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
 Rule EgyptAsia	1957	only	-	May	10	0:00	1:00	S
@@ -2292,19 +2300,20 @@
 Rule Palestine	1999	2003	-	Oct	Fri>=15	0:00	0	-
 Rule Palestine	2004	only	-	Oct	 1	1:00	0	-
 Rule Palestine	2005	only	-	Oct	 4	2:00	0	-
-Rule Palestine	2006	2008	-	Apr	 1	0:00	1:00	S
+Rule Palestine	2006	2007	-	Apr	 1	0:00	1:00	S
 Rule Palestine	2006	only	-	Sep	22	0:00	0	-
 Rule Palestine	2007	only	-	Sep	Thu>=8	2:00	0	-
-Rule Palestine	2008	only	-	Aug	lastFri	0:00	0	-
-Rule Palestine	2009	only	-	Mar	lastFri	0:00	1:00	S
-Rule Palestine	2009	only	-	Sep	Fri>=1	2:00	0	-
-Rule Palestine	2010	only	-	Mar	lastSat	0:01	1:00	S
+Rule Palestine	2008	2009	-	Mar	lastFri	0:00	1:00	S
+Rule Palestine	2008	only	-	Sep	 1	0:00	0	-
+Rule Palestine	2009	only	-	Sep	Fri>=1	1:00	0	-
+Rule Palestine	2010	only	-	Mar	26	0:00	1:00	S
 Rule Palestine	2010	only	-	Aug	11	0:00	0	-
-
-# From Arthur David Olson (2011-09-20):
-# 2011 transitions per http://www.timeanddate.com as of 2011-09-20.
-# From Paul Eggert (2012-10-12):
-# 2012 transitions per http://www.timeanddate.com as of 2012-10-12.
+Rule Palestine	2011	only	-	Apr	 1	0:01	1:00	S
+Rule Palestine	2011	only	-	Aug	 1	0:00	0	-
+Rule Palestine	2011	only	-	Aug	30	0:00	1:00	S
+Rule Palestine	2011	only	-	Sep	30	0:00	0	-
+Rule Palestine	2012	max	-	Mar	lastThu	24:00	1:00	S
+Rule Palestine	2012	max	-	Sep	Fri>=21	1:00	0	-
 
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
 Zone	Asia/Gaza	2:17:52	-	LMT	1900 Oct
@@ -2312,26 +2321,20 @@
 			2:00 EgyptAsia	EE%sT	1967 Jun  5
 			2:00	Zion	I%sT	1996
 			2:00	Jordan	EE%sT	1999
-			2:00 Palestine	EE%sT	2011 Apr  2 12:01
-			2:00	1:00	EEST	2011 Aug  1
-			2:00	-	EET	2012 Mar 30
-			2:00	1:00	EEST	2012 Sep 21 1:00
-			2:00	-	EET
+			2:00 Palestine	EE%sT	2008 Aug 29 0:00
+			2:00	-	EET	2008 Sep
+			2:00 Palestine	EE%sT	2010
+			2:00	-	EET	2010 Mar 27 0:01
+			2:00 Palestine	EE%sT	2011 Aug  1
+			2:00	-	EET	2012
+			2:00 Palestine	EE%sT
 
 Zone	Asia/Hebron	2:20:23	-	LMT	1900 Oct
 			2:00	Zion	EET	1948 May 15
 			2:00 EgyptAsia	EE%sT	1967 Jun  5
 			2:00	Zion	I%sT	1996
 			2:00	Jordan	EE%sT	1999
-			2:00 Palestine	EE%sT	2008 Aug
-			2:00 	1:00	EEST	2008 Sep
-			2:00 Palestine	EE%sT	2011 Apr  1 12:01
-			2:00	1:00	EEST	2011 Aug  1
-			2:00	-	EET	2011 Aug 30
-			2:00	1:00	EEST	2011 Sep 30 3:00
-			2:00	-	EET	2012 Mar 30
-			2:00	1:00	EEST	2012 Sep 21 1:00
-			2:00	-	EET
+			2:00 Palestine	EE%sT
 
 # Paracel Is
 # no information
@@ -2400,6 +2403,13 @@
 # no information
 
 # Sri Lanka
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):
+# Milne says "Madras mean time use from May 1, 1898.  Prior to this Colombo
+# mean time, 5h. 4m. 21.9s. F., was used."  But 5:04:21.9 differs considerably
+# from Colombo's meridian 5:19:24, so for now ignore Milne and stick with
+# Shanks and Pottenger.
+
 # From Paul Eggert (1996-09-03):
 # "Sri Lanka advances clock by an hour to avoid blackout"
 # (www.virtual-pc.com/lankaweb/news/items/240596-2.html, 1996-05-24,
@@ -2519,8 +2529,8 @@
 Rule	Syria	2007	only	-	Mar	lastFri	0:00	1:00	S
 # From Jesper Norgard (2007-10-27):
 # The sister center ICARDA of my work CIMMYT is confirming that Syria DST will
-# not take place 1.st November at 0:00 o'clock but 1.st November at 24:00 or
-# rather Midnight between Thursday and Friday. This does make more sence than
+# not take place 1st November at 0:00 o'clock but 1st November at 24:00 or
+# rather Midnight between Thursday and Friday. This does make more sense than
 # having it between Wednesday and Thursday (two workdays in Syria) since the
 # weekend in Syria is not Saturday and Sunday, but Friday and Saturday. So now
 # it is implemented at midnight of the last workday before weekend...
@@ -2699,6 +2709,12 @@
 
 # Vietnam
 
+# From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):
+# Milne gives 7:16:56 for the meridian of Saigon in 1899, as being
+# used in Lower Laos, Cambodia, and Annam.  But this is quite a ways
+# from Saigon's location.  For now, ignore this and stick with Shanks
+# and Pottenger.
+
 # From Arthur David Olson (2008-03-18):
 # The English-language name of Vietnam's most populous city is "Ho Chi Min City";
 # we use Ho_Chi_Minh below to avoid a name of more than 14 characters.
@@ -2712,6 +2728,10 @@
 			7:00	-	ICT
 
 # Yemen
+
+# Milne says 2:59:54 was the meridian of the saluting battery at Aden,
+# and that Yemen was at 1:55:56, the meridian of the Hagia Sophia.
+
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
-Zone	Asia/Aden	3:00:48	-	LMT	1950
+Zone	Asia/Aden	2:59:54	-	LMT	1950
 			3:00	-	AST
--- a/components/timezone/australasia	Fri Dec 20 07:41:03 2013 -0800
+++ b/components/timezone/australasia	Mon Jan 06 22:11:36 2014 -0800
@@ -218,9 +218,32 @@
 # no times are set
 #
 # Macquarie
-# permanent occupation (scientific station) since 1948;
-# sealing and penguin oil station operated 1888/1917
-# like Australia/Hobart
+# Permanent occupation (scientific station) 1911-1915 and since 25 March 1948;
+# sealing and penguin oil station operated Nov 1899 to Apr 1919.  See the
+# Tasmania Parks & Wildlife Service history of sealing at Macquarie Island
+# <http://www.parks.tas.gov.au/index.aspx?base=1828>
+# <http://www.parks.tas.gov.au/index.aspx?base=1831>.
+# Guess that it was like Australia/Hobart while inhabited before 2010.
+#
+# From Steffen Thorsen (2010-03-10):
+# We got these changes from the Australian Antarctic Division:
+# - Macquarie Island will stay on UTC+11 for winter and therefore not
+# switch back from daylight savings time when other parts of Australia do
+# on 4 April.
+#
+# From Arthur David Olson (2013-05-23):
+# The 1919 transition is overspecified below so pre-2013 zics
+# will produce a binary file with an EST-type as the first 32-bit type;
+# this is required for correct handling of times before 1916 by
+# pre-2013 versions of localtime.
+Zone Antarctica/Macquarie 0	-	zzz	1899 Nov
+			10:00	-	EST	1916 Oct 1 2:00
+			10:00	1:00	EST	1917 Feb
+			10:00	Aus	EST	1919 Apr 1 0:00s
+			0	-	zzz	1948 Mar 25
+			10:00	Aus	EST	1967
+			10:00	AT	EST	2010 Apr 4 3:00
+			11:00	-	MIST	# Macquarie I Standard Time
 
 # Christmas
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
@@ -246,6 +269,9 @@
 			6:30	-	CCT	# Cocos Islands Time
 
 # Fiji
+
+# Milne gives 11:55:44 for Suva.
+
 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-11-10):
 # According to Fiji Broadcasting Corporation,  Fiji plans to re-introduce DST
 # from November 29th 2009  to April 25th 2010.
@@ -339,7 +365,7 @@
 Rule	Fiji	2011	only	-	Mar	Sun>=1	3:00	0	-
 Rule	Fiji	2012	max	-	Jan	Sun>=18	3:00	0	-
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
-Zone	Pacific/Fiji	11:53:40 -	LMT	1915 Oct 26	# Suva
+Zone	Pacific/Fiji	11:55:44 -	LMT	1915 Oct 26	# Suva
 			12:00	Fiji	FJ%sT	# Fiji Time
 
 # French Polynesia
@@ -782,7 +808,7 @@
 # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
 # [email protected] for general use in the future).
 
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):
 # A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
 # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
 # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
@@ -800,6 +826,10 @@
 # Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
 # I found in the UCLA library.
 #
+# For data circa 1899, a common source is:
+# Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94
+# <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>.
+#
 # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
 # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
 #
@@ -1451,12 +1481,12 @@
 # From Paul Eggert (2000-01-08):
 # IATA SSIM (1999-09) says DST ends 0100 local time.  Go with McDow.
 
-# From the BBC World Service (1998-10-31 11:32 UTC):
+# From the BBC World Service in
+# http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/205226.stm (1998-10-31 16:03 UTC):
 # The Fijiian government says the main reasons for the time change is to
-# improve productivity and reduce road accidents.  But correspondents say it
-# also hopes the move will boost Fiji's ability to compete with other pacific
-# islands in the effort to attract tourists to witness the dawning of the new
-# millenium.
+# improve productivity and reduce road accidents.... [T]he move is also
+# intended to boost Fiji's ability to attract tourists to witness the dawning
+# of the new millennium.
 
 # http://www.fiji.gov.fj/press/2000_09/2000_09_13-05.shtml (2000-09-13)
 # reports that Fiji has discontinued DST.
@@ -1601,7 +1631,7 @@
 # Shanks & Pottenger say the transition was on 1968-10-01; go with Mundell.
 
 # From Eric Ulevik (1999-05-03):
-# Tonga's director of tourism, who is also secretary of the National Millenium
+# Tonga's director of tourism, who is also secretary of the National Millennium
 # Committee, has a plan to get Tonga back in front.
 # He has proposed a one-off move to tropical daylight saving for Tonga from
 # October to March, which has won approval in principle from the Tongan
--- a/components/timezone/country.tab	Fri Dec 20 07:41:03 2013 -0800
+++ b/components/timezone/country.tab	Mon Jan 06 22:11:36 2014 -0800
@@ -1,21 +1,17 @@
 #
-# Copyright (c) 2001, 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+# Copyright (c) 2001, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 #
 # ISO 3166 alpha-2 country codes
 #
-# <pre>
 # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
 # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
-# ISO 3166 alpha-2 country codes
 #
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-09-27):
+# From Paul Eggert (2013-05-27):
 #
 # This file contains a table with the following columns:
 # 1.  ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code, current as of
-#     ISO 3166-1 Newsletter VI-1 (2007-09-21).  See:
-#     <a href="http://www.iso.org/iso/en/prods-services/iso3166ma/index.html">
-#     ISO 3166 Maintenance agency (ISO 3166/MA)
-#     </a>.
+#     ISO 3166-1 Newsletter VI-15 (2013-05-10).  See: Updates on ISO 3166
+#   http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/country_codes/updates_on_iso_3166.htm
 # 2.  The usual English name for the country,
 #     chosen so that alphabetic sorting of subsets produces helpful lists.
 #     This is not the same as the English name in the ISO 3166 tables.
@@ -25,8 +21,9 @@
 #
 # Lines beginning with `#' are comments.
 #
-# From Arthur David Olson (2011-08-17):
-# Resynchronized today with the ISO 3166 site (adding SS for South Sudan).
+# This table is intended as an aid for users, to help them select time
+# zone data appropriate for their practical needs.  It is not intended
+# to take or endorse any position on legal or territorial claims.
 #
 #country-
 #code	country name
@@ -59,7 +56,7 @@
 BM	Bermuda
 BN	Brunei
 BO	Bolivia
-BQ	Bonaire Sint Eustatius & Saba
+BQ	Bonaire, St Eustatius & Saba
 BR	Brazil
 BS	Bahamas
 BT	Bhutan
@@ -240,7 +237,7 @@
 SS	South Sudan
 ST	Sao Tome & Principe
 SV	El Salvador
-SX	Sint Maarten
+SX	St Maarten (Dutch part)
 SY	Syria
 SZ	Swaziland
 TC	Turks & Caicos Is
--- a/components/timezone/europe	Fri Dec 20 07:41:03 2013 -0800
+++ b/components/timezone/europe	Mon Jan 06 22:11:36 2014 -0800
@@ -30,6 +30,12 @@
 #	William Willett, The Waste of Daylight, 19th edition
 #	</a> (1914-03)
 #
+#	Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94
+#	<http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>.  He writes:
+#	"It is requested that corrections and additions to these tables
+#	may be sent to Mr. John Milne, Royal Geographical Society,
+#	Savile Row, London."  Nowadays please email them to [email protected]
+#
 #	Brazil's Departamento Servico da Hora (DSH),
 #	<a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/HISTHV.htm">
 #	History of Summer Time
@@ -517,7 +523,7 @@
 # It seems that Paris, Monaco, Rule France, Rule Belgium all agree on
 # 2:00 standard time, e.g. 3:00 local time.  However there are no
 # countries that use C-Eur rules in September 1945, so the only items
-# affected are apparently these ficticious zones that translates acronyms
+# affected are apparently these fictitious zones that translate acronyms
 # CET and MET:
 #
 # Zone CET  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT
@@ -666,6 +672,8 @@
 
 # Austria
 
+# Milne says Vienna time was 1:05:21.
+
 # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): Shanks & Pottenger give 1918-06-16 and
 # 1945-11-18, but the Austrian Federal Office of Metrology and
 # Surveying (BEV) gives 1918-09-16 and for Vienna gives the "alleged"
@@ -683,7 +691,7 @@
 Rule	Austria	1980	only	-	Apr	 6	0:00	1:00	S
 Rule	Austria	1980	only	-	Sep	28	0:00	0	-
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
-Zone	Europe/Vienna	1:05:20 -	LMT	1893 Apr
+Zone	Europe/Vienna	1:05:21 -	LMT	1893 Apr
 			1:00	C-Eur	CE%sT	1920
 			1:00	Austria	CE%sT	1940 Apr  1 2:00s
 			1:00	C-Eur	CE%sT	1945 Apr  2 2:00s
@@ -1239,6 +1247,21 @@
 			1:00	Germany	CE%sT	1980
 			1:00	EU	CE%sT
 
+# From Tobias Conradi (2011-09-12):
+# Busingen <http://www.buesingen.de>, surrounded by the Swiss canton
+# Schaffhausen, did not start observing DST in 1980 as the rest of DE
+# (West Germany at that time) and DD (East Germany at that time) did.
+# DD merged into DE, the area is currently covered by code DE in ISO 3166-1,
+# which in turn is covered by the zone Europe/Berlin.
+#
+# Source for the time in Busingen 1980:
+# http://www.srf.ch/player/video?id=c012c029-03b7-4c2b-9164-aa5902cd58d3
+
+# From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-03):
+# Busingen and Zurich have shared clocks since 1970.
+
+Link	Europe/Zurich	Europe/Busingen
+
 # Georgia
 # Please see the "asia" file for Asia/Tbilisi.
 # Herodotus (Histories, IV.45) says Georgia north of the Phasis (now Rioni)
@@ -2043,6 +2066,70 @@
 
 # Russia
 
+# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-09-15):
+# Based on last Russian Government Decree # 725 on August 31, 2011
+# (Government document
+# <a href="http://www.government.ru/gov/results/16355/print/">
+# http://www.government.ru/gov/results/16355/print/
+# </a>
+# in Russian)
+# there are few corrections have to be made for some Russian time zones...
+# All updated Russian Time Zones were placed in table and translated to English
+# by WorldTimeZone.com at the link below:
+# <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_russia36.htm">
+# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_russia36.htm
+# </a>
+
+# From Sanjeev Gupta (2011-09-27):
+# Scans of [Decree #23 of January 8, 1992] are available at:
+# <a href="http://government.consultant.ru/page.aspx?1223966">
+# http://government.consultant.ru/page.aspx?1223966
+# They are in Cyrillic letters (presumably Russian).
+
+# From Arthur David Olson (2012-05-09):
+# Regarding the instant when clocks in time-zone-shifting parts of Russia
+# changed in September 2011:
+#
+# One source is
+# < a href="http://government.ru/gov/results/16355/>
+# http://government.ru/gov/results/16355/
+# </a>
+# which, according to translate.google.com, begins "Decree of August 31,
+# 2011 No 725" and contains no other dates or "effective date" information.
+#
+# Another source is
+# <a href="http://www.rg.ru/2011/09/06/chas-zona-dok.html">
+# http://www.rg.ru/2011/09/06/chas-zona-dok.html
+# </a>
+# which, according to translate.google.com, begins "Resolution of the
+# Government of the Russian Federation on August 31, 2011 N 725" and also
+# contains "Date first official publication: September 6, 2011 Posted on:
+# in the 'RG' - Federal Issue number 5573 September 6, 2011" but which
+# does not contain any "effective date" information.
+#
+# Another source is
+# <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oymyakonsky_District#cite_note-RuTime-7">
+# http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oymyakonsky_District#cite_note-RuTime-7
+# </a>
+# which, in note 8, contains "Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011...
+# Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication"
+# but which does not contain any reference to September 6, 2011.
+#
+# The Wikipedia article refers to
+# <a href="http://base.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc;base=LAW;n=118896">
+# http://base.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc;base=LAW;n=118896
+# </a>
+# which seems to copy the text of the government.ru page.
+#
+# Tobias Conradi combines Wikipedia's
+# "as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication"
+# with www.rg.ru's "Date of first official publication: September 6, 2011" to get
+# September 13, 2011 as the cutover date (unusually, a Tuesday, as Tobias Conradi notes).
+#
+# None of the sources indicates a time of day for changing clocks.
+#
+# Go with 2011-09-13 0:00s.
+
 # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
 # Except for Moscow after 1919-07-01, I invented the time zone abbreviations.
 # Moscow time zone abbreviations after 1919-07-01, and Moscow rules after 1991,
@@ -2270,14 +2357,32 @@
 # [parts of] Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya).
 
 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):
-# The Sakha districts are: Bulunskij, Verkhoyanskij, Tomponskij, Ust'-Majskij,
-# Ust'-Yanskij.
+# The Sakha districts are: Bulunskij, Verkhoyanskij, ... Ust'-Yanskij.
 Zone Asia/Vladivostok	 8:47:44 -	LMT	1922 Nov 15
 			 9:00	-	VLAT	1930 Jun 21 # Vladivostok Time
 			10:00	Russia	VLA%sT	1991 Mar 31 2:00s
 			 9:00	Russia	VLA%sST	1992 Jan 19 2:00s
 			10:00	Russia	VLA%sT	2011 Mar 27 2:00s
 			11:00	-	VLAT
+
+# From Arthur David Olson (2012-05-09):
+# Tomponskij and Ust'-Majskij switched from Vladivostok time to Yakutsk time
+# in 2011.
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2012-11-25):
+# Shanks and Pottenger (2003) has Khandyga on Yakutsk time.
+# Make a wild guess that it switched to Vladivostok time in 2004.
+# This transition is no doubt wrong, but we have no better info.
+#
+Zone Asia/Khandyga	 9:02:13 -	LMT	1919 Dec 15
+			 8:00	-	YAKT	1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time
+			 9:00	Russia	YAK%sT	1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+			 8:00	Russia	YAK%sT	1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+			 9:00	Russia	YAK%sT	2004
+			10:00	Russia	VLA%sT	2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+			11:00	-	VLAT	2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725?
+			10:00	-	YAKT
+
 #
 # Sakhalinskaya oblast'.
 # The Zone name should be Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, but that's too long.
@@ -2296,14 +2401,26 @@
 
 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):
 # The Sakha districts are: Abyjskij, Allaikhovskij, Verkhhhnekolymskij, Momskij,
-# Nizhnekolymskij, Ojmyakonskij, Srednekolymskij.
+# Nizhnekolymskij, ... Srednekolymskij.
 Zone Asia/Magadan	10:03:12 -	LMT	1924 May  2
 			10:00	-	MAGT	1930 Jun 21 # Magadan Time
 			11:00	Russia	MAG%sT	1991 Mar 31 2:00s
 			10:00	Russia	MAG%sT	1992 Jan 19 2:00s
 			11:00	Russia	MAG%sT	2011 Mar 27 2:00s
 			12:00	-	MAGT
-#
+
+# From Arthur David Olson (2012-05-09):
+# Ojmyakonskij and the Kuril Islands switched from
+# Magadan time to Vladivostok time in 2011.
+Zone Asia/Ust-Nera	 9:32:54 -	LMT	1919 Dec 15
+			 8:00	-	YAKT	1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time
+			 9:00	Russia	YAKT	1981 Apr  1
+			11:00	Russia	MAG%sT	1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+			10:00	Russia	MAG%sT	1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+			11:00	Russia	MAG%sT	2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+			12:00	-	MAGT	2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725?
+			11:00	-	VLAT
+
 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25): [This region consists of]
 # Kamchatskaya oblast', Koryakskij avtonomnyj okrug.
 #
@@ -2662,9 +2779,9 @@
 
 # Ukraine
 #
-# From Igor Karpov, who works for the Ukranian Ministry of Justice,
+# From Igor Karpov, who works for the Ukrainian Ministry of Justice,
 # via Garrett Wollman (2003-01-27):
-# BTW, I've found the official document on this matter. It's goverment
+# BTW, I've found the official document on this matter. It's government
 # regulations number 509, May 13, 1996. In my poor translation it says:
 # "Time in Ukraine is set to second timezone (Kiev time). Each last Sunday
 # of March at 3am the time is changing to 4am and each last Sunday of
@@ -2698,7 +2815,7 @@
 # time this year after all.
 #
 # From Udo Schwedt (2011-10-18):
-# As far as I understand, the recent change to the Ukranian time zone
+# As far as I understand, the recent change to the Ukrainian time zone
 # (Europe/Kiev) to introduce permanent daylight saving time (similar
 # to Russia) was reverted today:
 #
--- a/components/timezone/northamerica	Fri Dec 20 07:41:03 2013 -0800
+++ b/components/timezone/northamerica	Mon Jan 06 22:11:36 2014 -0800
@@ -1019,6 +1019,9 @@
 #	William Willett, The Waste of Daylight, 19th edition
 #	</a> (1914-03)
 #
+#	Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94
+#	<http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>.
+#
 # See the `europe' file for Greenland.
 
 # Canada
@@ -2554,6 +2557,8 @@
 
 # Bahamas
 #
+# For 1899 Milne gives -5:09:29.5; round that.
+#
 # From Sue Williams (2006-12-07):
 # The Bahamas announced about a month ago that they plan to change their DST
 # rules to sync with the U.S. starting in 2007....
@@ -2563,11 +2568,14 @@
 Rule	Bahamas	1964	1975	-	Oct	lastSun	2:00	0	S
 Rule	Bahamas	1964	1975	-	Apr	lastSun	2:00	1:00	D
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
-Zone	America/Nassau	-5:09:24 -	LMT	1912 Mar 2
+Zone	America/Nassau	-5:09:30 -	LMT	1912 Mar 2
 			-5:00	Bahamas	E%sT	1976
 			-5:00	US	E%sT
 
 # Barbados
+
+# For 1899 Milne gives -3:58:29.2; round that.
+
 # Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
 Rule	Barb	1977	only	-	Jun	12	2:00	1:00	D
 Rule	Barb	1977	1978	-	Oct	Sun>=1	2:00	0	S
@@ -2575,8 +2583,8 @@
 Rule	Barb	1979	only	-	Sep	30	2:00	0	S
 Rule	Barb	1980	only	-	Sep	25	2:00	0	S
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
-Zone America/Barbados	-3:58:28 -	LMT	1924		# Bridgetown
-			-3:58:28 -	BMT	1932	  # Bridgetown Mean Time
+Zone America/Barbados	-3:58:29 -	LMT	1924		# Bridgetown
+			-3:58:29 -	BMT	1932	  # Bridgetown Mean Time
 			-4:00	Barb	A%sT
 
 # Belize
@@ -2594,6 +2602,9 @@
 
 # Bermuda
 
+# For 1899 Milne gives -4:19:18.3 as the meridian of the clock tower,
+# Bermuda dockyard, Ireland I; round that.
+
 # From Dan Jones, reporting in The Royal Gazette (2006-06-26):
 
 # Next year, however, clocks in the US will go forward on the second Sunday
@@ -2603,7 +2614,7 @@
 # http://www.theroyalgazette.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060529/NEWS/105290135
 
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
-Zone Atlantic/Bermuda	-4:19:04 -	LMT	1930 Jan  1 2:00    # Hamilton
+Zone Atlantic/Bermuda	-4:19:18 -	LMT	1930 Jan  1 2:00    # Hamilton
 			-4:00	-	AST	1974 Apr 28 2:00
 			-4:00	Bahamas	A%sT	1976
 			-4:00	US	A%sT
@@ -2615,6 +2626,9 @@
 			-5:00	-	EST
 
 # Costa Rica
+
+# Milne gives -5:36:13.3 as San Jose mean time; round to nearest.
+
 # Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
 Rule	CR	1979	1980	-	Feb	lastSun	0:00	1:00	D
 Rule	CR	1979	1980	-	Jun	Sun>=1	0:00	0	S
@@ -2625,14 +2639,19 @@
 Rule	CR	1992	only	-	Mar	15	0:00	0	S
 # There are too many San Joses elsewhere, so we'll use `Costa Rica'.
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
-Zone America/Costa_Rica	-5:36:20 -	LMT	1890		# San Jose
-			-5:36:20 -	SJMT	1921 Jan 15 # San Jose Mean Time
+Zone America/Costa_Rica	-5:36:13 -	LMT	1890		# San Jose
+			-5:36:13 -	SJMT	1921 Jan 15 # San Jose Mean Time
 			-6:00	CR	C%sT
 # Coco
 # no information; probably like America/Costa_Rica
 
 # Cuba
 
+# From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):
+# Milne gives -5:28:50.45 for the observatory at Havana, -5:29:23.57
+# for the port, and -5:30 for meteorological observations.
+# For now, stick with Shanks & Pottenger.
+
 # From Arthur David Olson (1999-03-29):
 # The 1999-03-28 exhibition baseball game held in Havana, Cuba, between
 # the Cuban National Team and the Baltimore Orioles was carried live on
@@ -2981,24 +3000,21 @@
 # apparently using the same start and end date as USA/Canada.
 # So this means they have already changed their time.
 #
-# (Sources in French):
-# <a href="http://www.alterpresse.org/spip.php?article12510">
 # http://www.alterpresse.org/spip.php?article12510
-# </a>
-# <a href="http://radiovision2000haiti.net/home/?p=13253">
 # http://radiovision2000haiti.net/home/?p=13253
-# </a>
 #
-# Our coverage:
-# <a href="http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/haiti-dst-2012.html">
-# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/haiti-dst-2012.html
-# </a>
-
 # From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-11):
 # The alterpresse.org source seems to show a US-style leap from 2:00 a.m. to
 # 3:00 a.m. rather than the traditional Haitian jump at midnight.
-# Assume a US-style fall back as well XXX.
-# Do not yet assume that the change carries forward past 2012 XXX.
+# Assume a US-style fall back as well.
+
+# From Steffen Thorsen (2013-03-10):
+# It appears that Haiti is observing DST this year as well, same rules
+# as US/Canada.  They did it last year as well, and it looks like they
+# are going to observe DST every year now...
+#
+# http://radiovision2000haiti.net/public/haiti-avis-changement-dheure-dimanche/
+# http://www.canalplushaiti.net/?p=6714
 
 # Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
 Rule	Haiti	1983	only	-	May	8	0:00	1:00	D
@@ -3010,8 +3026,8 @@
 Rule	Haiti	1988	1997	-	Oct	lastSun	1:00s	0	S
 Rule	Haiti	2005	2006	-	Apr	Sun>=1	0:00	1:00	D
 Rule	Haiti	2005	2006	-	Oct	lastSun	0:00	0	S
-Rule	Haiti	2012	only	-	Mar	Sun>=8	2:00	1:00	D
-Rule	Haiti	2012	only	-	Nov	Sun>=1	2:00	0	S
+Rule	Haiti	2012	max	-	Mar	Sun>=8	2:00	1:00	D
+Rule	Haiti	2012	max	-	Nov	Sun>=1	2:00	0	S
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
 Zone America/Port-au-Prince -4:49:20 -	LMT	1890
 			-4:49	-	PPMT	1917 Jan 24 12:00 # P-a-P MT
--- a/components/timezone/southamerica	Fri Dec 20 07:41:03 2013 -0800
+++ b/components/timezone/southamerica	Mon Jan 06 22:11:36 2014 -0800
@@ -11,6 +11,10 @@
 # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
 # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
 #
+# For data circa 1899, a common source is:
+# Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94
+# <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>.
+#
 # Gwillim Law writes that a good source
 # for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
 # Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
@@ -381,21 +385,11 @@
 # <a/>
 # is the official page for the Province Government).
 #
-# There's also a note in only one of the major national papers (La Nación) at
-# <a href="http://www.lanacion.com.ar/nota.asp?nota_id=1107912">
+# There's also a note in only one of the major national papers ...
 # http://www.lanacion.com.ar/nota.asp?nota_id=1107912
-# </a>
 #
-# The press release says:
-#  (...) anunció que el próximo domingo a las 00:00 los puntanos deberán
-# atrasar una hora sus relojes.
-#
-# A partir de entonces, San Luis establecerá el huso horario propio de
-# la Provincia. De esta manera, durante el periodo del calendario anual
-# 2009, el cambio horario quedará comprendido entre las 00:00 del tercer
-# domingo de marzo y las 24:00 del segundo sábado de octubre.
-# Quick&dirty translation
-# (...) announced that next Sunday, at 00:00, Puntanos (the San Luis
+# The press release says [quick and dirty translation]:
+# ... announced that next Sunday, at 00:00, Puntanos (the San Luis
 # inhabitants) will have to turn back one hour their clocks
 #
 # Since then, San Luis will establish its own Province timezone. Thus,
@@ -457,6 +451,9 @@
 # rules...San Luis is still using "Western ARgentina Time" and it got
 # stuck on Summer daylight savings time even though the summer is over.
 
+# From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):
+# Milne says Cordoba time was -4:16:48.2.  Round to the nearest second.
+
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
 #
 # Buenos Aires (BA), Capital Federal (CF),
@@ -812,9 +809,9 @@
 
 # From Guilherme Bernardes Rodrigues (2011-10-07):
 # There is news in the media, however there is still no decree about it.
-# I just send a e-mail to Zulmira Brandão at
+# I just send a e-mail to Zulmira Brandao at
 # <a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/">http://pcdsh01.on.br/</a> the
-# oficial agency about time in Brazil, and she confirmed that the old rule is
+# official agency about time in Brazil, and she confirmed that the old rule is
 # still in force.
 
 # From Guilherme Bernardes Rodrigues (2011-10-14)
@@ -974,7 +971,7 @@
 # adopted by the same states as before.
 Rule	Brazil	2007	only	-	Oct	Sun>=8	 0:00	1:00	S
 # From Frederico A. C. Neves (2008-09-10):
-# Acording to this decree
+# According to this decree
 # <a href="http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_Ato2007-2010/2008/Decreto/D6558.htm">
 # http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_Ato2007-2010/2008/Decreto/D6558.htm
 # </a>
@@ -1206,7 +1203,7 @@
 # http://www.emol.com/noticias/nacional/detalle/detallenoticias.asp?idnoticia=467651
 # </a>
 #
-# This is not yet reflected in the offical "cambio de hora" site, but
+# This is not yet reflected in the official "cambio de hora" site, but
 # probably will be soon:
 # <a href="http://www.horaoficial.cl/cambio.htm">
 # http://www.horaoficial.cl/cambio.htm
@@ -1243,9 +1240,13 @@
 # b. Saturday, September 1, 2012, clocks should go forward 60 minutes; that is,
 # at 23:59:59, instead of passing to 0:00, the time should be adjusted to be
 # 01:00 on September 2.
-#
-# Note that...this is yet another "temporary" change that will be reevaluated
-# AGAIN in 2013.
+
+# From Steffen Thorsen (2013-02-15):
+# According to several news sources, Chile has extended DST this year,
+# they will end DST later and start DST earlier than planned.  They
+# hope to save energy.  The new end date is 2013-04-28 00:00 and new
+# start date is 2013-09-08 00:00....
+# http://www.gob.cl/informa/2013/02/15/gobierno-anuncia-fechas-de-cambio-de-hora-para-el-ano-2013.htm
 
 # NOTE: ChileAQ rules for Antarctic bases are stored separately in the
 # 'antarctica' file.
@@ -1288,10 +1289,8 @@
 Rule	Chile	2010	only	-	Apr	Sun>=1	3:00u	0	-
 Rule	Chile	2011	only	-	May	Sun>=2	3:00u	0	-
 Rule	Chile	2011	only	-	Aug	Sun>=16	4:00u	1:00	S
-Rule	Chile	2012	only	-	Apr	Sun>=23	3:00u	0	-
-Rule	Chile	2012	only	-	Sep	Sun>=2	4:00u	1:00	S
-Rule	Chile	2013	max	-	Mar	Sun>=9	3:00u	0	-
-Rule	Chile	2013	max	-	Oct	Sun>=9	4:00u	1:00	S
+Rule	Chile	2012	max	-	Apr	Sun>=23	3:00u	0	-
+Rule	Chile	2012	max	-	Sep	Sun>=2	4:00u	1:00	S
 # IATA SSIM anomalies: (1992-02) says 1992-03-14;
 # (1996-09) says 1998-03-08.  Ignore these.
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
@@ -1313,17 +1312,23 @@
 # San Felix, and Antarctic bases, are like America/Santiago.
 
 # Colombia
+
+# Milne gives 4:56:16.4 for Bogota time in 1899; round to nearest.  He writes,
+# "A variation of fifteen minutes in the public clocks of Bogota is not rare."
+
 # Rule	NAME	FROM	TO	TYPE	IN	ON	AT	SAVE	LETTER/S
 Rule	CO	1992	only	-	May	 3	0:00	1:00	S
 Rule	CO	1993	only	-	Apr	 4	0:00	0	-
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
-Zone	America/Bogota	-4:56:20 -	LMT	1884 Mar 13
-			-4:56:20 -	BMT	1914 Nov 23 # Bogota Mean Time
+Zone	America/Bogota	-4:56:16 -	LMT	1884 Mar 13
+			-4:56:16 -	BMT	1914 Nov 23 # Bogota Mean Time
 			-5:00	CO	CO%sT	# Colombia Time
 # Malpelo, Providencia, San Andres
 # no information; probably like America/Bogota
 
 # Curacao
+
+# Milne gives 4:35:46.9 for Curacao mean time; round to nearest.
 #
 # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
 # Shanks & Pottenger say that The Bottom and Philipsburg have been at
@@ -1340,7 +1345,7 @@
 # though, as far as we know.
 #
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
-Zone	America/Curacao	-4:35:44 -	LMT	1912 Feb 12	# Willemstad
+Zone	America/Curacao	-4:35:47 -	LMT	1912 Feb 12	# Willemstad
 			-4:30	-	ANT	1965 # Netherlands Antilles Time
 			-4:00	-	AST
 
@@ -1354,6 +1359,8 @@
 
 # Ecuador
 #
+# Milne says the Sentral and South American Telegraph Company used -5:24:15.
+#
 # From Paul Eggert (2007-03-04):
 # Apparently Ecuador had a failed experiment with DST in 1992.
 # <http://midena.gov.ec/content/view/1261/208/> (2007-02-27) and
@@ -1559,7 +1566,16 @@
 # forward 60 minutes, in all the territory of the Paraguayan Republic.
 # ...
 Rule	Para	2010	max	-	Oct	Sun>=1	0:00	1:00	S
-Rule	Para	2010	max	-	Apr	Sun>=8	0:00	0	-
+Rule	Para	2010	2012	-	Apr	Sun>=8	0:00	0	-
+#
+# From Steffen Thorsen (2013-03-07):
+# Paraguay will end DST on 2013-03-24 00:00....
+# http://www.ande.gov.py/interna.php?id=1075
+#
+# From Carlos Raul Perasso (2013-03-15):
+# The change in Paraguay is now final.  Decree number 10780
+# http://www.presidencia.gov.py/uploads/pdf/presidencia-3b86ff4b691c79d4f5927ca964922ec74772ce857c02ca054a52a37b49afc7fb.pdf
+Rule	Para	2013	max	-	Mar	Sun>=22	0:00	0	-
 
 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
 Zone America/Asuncion	-3:50:40 -	LMT	1890
--- a/components/timezone/system-data-timezone.p5m	Fri Dec 20 07:41:03 2013 -0800
+++ b/components/timezone/system-data-timezone.p5m	Mon Jan 06 22:11:36 2014 -0800
@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@
 # CDDL HEADER END
 #
 
-# Copyright (c) 2011, 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+# Copyright (c) 2011, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 
 <transform file path=usr.*/man/.+ -> default mangler.man.stability volatile>
 
@@ -310,6 +310,7 @@
 file path=usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/Asia/Karachi
 file path=usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/Asia/Kashgar
 file path=usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/Asia/Kathmandu
+file path=usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/Asia/Khandyga
 file path=usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/Asia/Kolkata
 file path=usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/Asia/Krasnoyarsk
 file path=usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/Asia/Kuala_Lumpur
@@ -348,6 +349,7 @@
 file path=usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/Asia/Tokyo
 file path=usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/Asia/Ulaanbaatar
 file path=usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/Asia/Urumqi
+file path=usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/Asia/Ust-Nera
 file path=usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/Asia/Vientiane
 file path=usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/Asia/Vladivostok
 file path=usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/Asia/Yakutsk
@@ -417,6 +419,7 @@
 file path=usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/Europe/Brussels
 file path=usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/Europe/Bucharest
 file path=usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/Europe/Budapest
+file path=usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/Europe/Busingen
 file path=usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/Europe/Chisinau
 file path=usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/Europe/Copenhagen
 file path=usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/Europe/Dublin
--- a/components/timezone/zone.tab.txt	Fri Dec 20 07:41:03 2013 -0800
+++ b/components/timezone/zone.tab.txt	Mon Jan 06 22:11:36 2014 -0800
@@ -1,18 +1,21 @@
-# <pre>
+# TZ zone descriptions
+#
 # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
 # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
 #
-# TZ zone descriptions
-#
-# From Paul Eggert (1996-08-05):
+# From Paul Eggert (2013-05-27):
 #
 # This file contains a table with the following columns:
 # 1.  ISO 3166 2-character country code.  See the file `iso3166.tab'.
+#     This identifies a country that overlaps the zone.  The country may
+#     overlap other zones and the zone may overlap other countries.
 # 2.  Latitude and longitude of the zone's principal location
 #     in ISO 6709 sign-degrees-minutes-seconds format,
 #     either +-DDMM+-DDDMM or +-DDMMSS+-DDDMMSS,
 #     first latitude (+ is north), then longitude (+ is east).
+#     This location need not lie within the column-1 country.
 # 3.  Zone name used in value of TZ environment variable.
+#     Please see the 'Theory' file for how zone names are chosen.
 # 4.  Comments; present if and only if the country has multiple rows.
 #
 # Columns are separated by a single tab.
@@ -22,6 +25,10 @@
 #
 # Lines beginning with `#' are comments.
 #
+# This table is intended as an aid for users, to help them select time
+# zone data appropriate for their practical needs.  It is not intended
+# to take or endorse any position on legal or territorial claims.
+#
 #country-
 #code	coordinates	TZ			comments
 AD	+4230+00131	Europe/Andorra
@@ -42,7 +49,6 @@
 AQ	-7824+10654	Antarctica/Vostok	Vostok Station, Lake Vostok
 AQ	-6640+14001	Antarctica/DumontDUrville	Dumont-d'Urville Station, Terre Adelie
 AQ	-690022+0393524	Antarctica/Syowa	Syowa Station, E Ongul I
-AQ	-5430+15857	Antarctica/Macquarie	Macquarie Island Station, Macquarie Island
 AR	-3436-05827	America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires	Buenos Aires (BA, CF)
 AR	-3124-06411	America/Argentina/Cordoba	most locations (CB, CC, CN, ER, FM, MN, SE, SF)
 AR	-2447-06525	America/Argentina/Salta	(SA, LP, NQ, RN)
@@ -58,6 +64,7 @@
 AS	-1416-17042	Pacific/Pago_Pago
 AT	+4813+01620	Europe/Vienna
 AU	-3133+15905	Australia/Lord_Howe	Lord Howe Island
+AU	-5430+15857	Antarctica/Macquarie	Macquarie Island
 AU	-4253+14719	Australia/Hobart	Tasmania - most locations
 AU	-3956+14352	Australia/Currie	Tasmania - King Island
 AU	-3749+14458	Australia/Melbourne	Victoria
@@ -159,7 +166,8 @@
 CX	-1025+10543	Indian/Christmas
 CY	+3510+03322	Asia/Nicosia
 CZ	+5005+01426	Europe/Prague
-DE	+5230+01322	Europe/Berlin
+DE	+5230+01322	Europe/Berlin	most locations
+DE	+4742+00841	Europe/Busingen	Busingen
 DJ	+1136+04309	Africa/Djibouti
 DK	+5540+01235	Europe/Copenhagen
 DM	+1518-06124	America/Dominica
@@ -215,7 +223,7 @@
 ID	-0507+11924	Asia/Makassar	east & south Borneo, Sulawesi (Celebes), Bali, Nusa Tengarra, west Timor
 ID	-0232+14042	Asia/Jayapura	west New Guinea (Irian Jaya) & Malukus (Moluccas)
 IE	+5320-00615	Europe/Dublin
-IL	+3146+03514	Asia/Jerusalem
+IL	+314650+0351326	Asia/Jerusalem
 IM	+5409-00428	Europe/Isle_of_Man
 IN	+2232+08822	Asia/Kolkata
 IO	-0720+07225	Indian/Chagos
@@ -341,8 +349,10 @@
 RU	+5601+09250	Asia/Krasnoyarsk	Moscow+04 - Yenisei River
 RU	+5216+10420	Asia/Irkutsk	Moscow+05 - Lake Baikal
 RU	+6200+12940	Asia/Yakutsk	Moscow+06 - Lena River
+RU	+623923+1353314	Asia/Khandyga	Moscow+06 - Tomponsky, Ust-Maysky
 RU	+4310+13156	Asia/Vladivostok	Moscow+07 - Amur River
 RU	+4658+14242	Asia/Sakhalin	Moscow+07 - Sakhalin Island
+RU	+643337+1431336	Asia/Ust-Nera	Moscow+07 - Oymyakonsky
 RU	+5934+15048	Asia/Magadan	Moscow+08 - Magadan
 RU	+5301+15839	Asia/Kamchatka	Moscow+08 - Kamchatka
 RU	+6445+17729	Asia/Anadyr	Moscow+08 - Bering Sea
--- a/components/timezone/zone_sun.tab	Fri Dec 20 07:41:03 2013 -0800
+++ b/components/timezone/zone_sun.tab	Mon Jan 06 22:11:36 2014 -0800
@@ -1,20 +1,23 @@
-# Copyright (c) 2001, 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+# Copyright (c) 2001, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 #
-# <pre>
+# TZ zone descriptions
+#
 # This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
 # 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
 #
-# TZ zone descriptions
-#
-# From Paul Eggert (1996-08-05):
+# From Paul Eggert (2013-05-27):
 #
 # This file contains a table with the following columns:
-# 1.  ISO 3166 2-character country code.  See the file `iso3166.tab'.
+# 1.  ISO 3166 2-character country code.  See the file `country.tab'.
+#     This identifies a country that overlaps the zone.  The country may
+#     overlap other zones and the zone may overlap other countries.
 # 2.  Latitude and longitude of the zone's principal location
 #     in ISO 6709 sign-degrees-minutes-seconds format,
 #     either +-DDMM+-DDDMM or +-DDMMSS+-DDDMMSS,
 #     first latitude (+ is north), then longitude (+ is east).
+#     This location need not lie within the column-1 country.
 # 3.  Zone name used in value of TZ environment variable.
+#     Please see the 'Theory' file for how zone names are chosen.
 # 4.  Comments; present if and only if the country has multiple rows.
 #
 # Columns are separated by a single tab.
@@ -24,6 +27,10 @@
 #
 # Lines beginning with `#' are comments.
 #
+# This table is intended as an aid for users, to help them select time
+# zone data appropriate for their practical needs.  It is not intended
+# to take or endorse any position on legal or territorial claims.
+#
 #country-
 #code	coordinates	TZ			comments
 AD	+4230+00131	Europe/Andorra	-
@@ -44,7 +51,6 @@
 AQ	-7824+10654	Antarctica/Vostok	-	Vostok Station, Lake Vostok
 AQ	-6640+14001	Antarctica/DumontDUrville	-	Dumont-d'Urville Station, Terre Adelie
 AQ	-690022+0393524	Antarctica/Syowa	-	Syowa Station, E Ongul I
-AQ	-5430+15857	Antarctica/Macquarie	-	Macquarie Island Station, Macquarie Island
 AR	-3436-05827	America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires	America/Buenos_Aires	Buenos Aires (BA, CF)
 AR	-3124-06411	America/Argentina/Cordoba	America/Cordoba	most locations (CB, CC, CN, ER, FM, MN, SE, SF)
 AR	-2447-06525	America/Argentina/Salta	-	(SA, LP, NQ, RN)
@@ -60,6 +66,7 @@
 AS	-1416-17042	Pacific/Pago_Pago	US/Samoa
 AT	+4813+01620	Europe/Vienna	-
 AU	-3133+15905	Australia/Lord_Howe	Australia/LHI	Lord Howe Island
+AU	-5430+15857	Antarctica/Macquarie	Macquarie Island
 AU	-4253+14719	Australia/Hobart	Australia/Tasmania	Tasmania - most locations
 AU	-3956+14352	Australia/Currie	-	Tasmania - King Island
 AU	-3749+14458	Australia/Melbourne	Australia/Victoria	Victoria
@@ -157,7 +164,8 @@
 CX	-1025+10543	Indian/Christmas	-
 CY	+3510+03322	Asia/Nicosia	-
 CZ	+5005+01426	Europe/Prague	-
-DE	+5230+01322	Europe/Berlin	-
+DE	+5230+01322	Europe/Berlin	-	most locations
+DE	+4742+00841	Europe/Busingen	-	Busingen
 DJ	+1136+04309	Africa/Djibouti	-
 DK	+5540+01235	Europe/Copenhagen	-
 DM	+1518-06124	America/Dominica	-
@@ -213,7 +221,7 @@
 ID	-0507+11924	Asia/Makassar	-	east & south Borneo, Sulawesi (Celebes), Bali, Nusa Tengarra, west Timor
 ID	-0232+14042	Asia/Jayapura	-	west New Guinea (Irian Jaya) & Malukus (Moluccas)
 IE	+5320-00615	Europe/Dublin	Eire
-IL	+3146+03514	Asia/Jerusalem	Israel
+IL	+314650+0351326	Asia/Jerusalem	Israel
 IM	+5409-00428	Europe/Isle_of_Man	-
 IN	+2232+08822	Asia/Kolkata	-
 IO	-0720+07225	Indian/Chagos	-
@@ -339,8 +347,10 @@
 RU	+5601+09250	Asia/Krasnoyarsk	-	Moscow+04 - Yenisei River
 RU	+5216+10420	Asia/Irkutsk	-	Moscow+05 - Lake Baikal
 RU	+6200+12940	Asia/Yakutsk	-	Moscow+06 - Lena River
+RU	+623923+1353314	Asia/Khandyga	-	Moscow+06 - Tomponsky, Ust-Maysky
 RU	+4310+13156	Asia/Vladivostok	-	Moscow+07 - Amur River
 RU	+4658+14242	Asia/Sakhalin	-	Moscow+07 - Sakhalin Island
+RU	+643337+1431336	Asia/Ust-Nera	-	Moscow+07 - Oymyakonsky
 RU	+5934+15048	Asia/Magadan	-	Moscow+08 - Magadan
 RU	+5301+15839	Asia/Kamchatka	-	Moscow+08 - Kamchatka
 RU	+6445+17729	Asia/Anadyr	-	Moscow+08 - Bering Sea