usr/src/cmd/zfs/zfs_main.c
author Robert Mustacchi <rm@joyent.com>
Tue, 29 May 2012 18:11:49 -0700
changeset 13708 6d0517b1a52b
parent 13686 4bc0783f6064
child 13743 95aba6e49b9f
permissions -rw-r--r--
2058 libumem should allow you to specify an allocator Reviewed by: Jerry Jelinek <[email protected]> Reviewed by: Bryan Cantrill <[email protected]> Reviewed by: Richard Lowe <[email protected]> Reviewed by: Garrett D'Amore <[email protected]> Approved by: Eric Schrock <[email protected]>
/*
 * CDDL HEADER START
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the terms of the
 * Common Development and Distribution License (the "License").
 * You may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 *
 * You can obtain a copy of the license at usr/src/OPENSOLARIS.LICENSE
 * or http://www.opensolaris.org/os/licensing.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions
 * and limitations under the License.
 *
 * When distributing Covered Code, include this CDDL HEADER in each
 * file and include the License file at usr/src/OPENSOLARIS.LICENSE.
 * If applicable, add the following below this CDDL HEADER, with the
 * fields enclosed by brackets "[]" replaced with your own identifying
 * information: Portions Copyright [yyyy] [name of copyright owner]
 *
 * CDDL HEADER END
 */

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2005, 2010, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 * Copyright 2012 Nexenta Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * Copyright (c) 2012 by Delphix. All rights reserved.
 * Copyright 2012 Milan Jurik. All rights reserved.
 * Copyright (c) 2012, Joyent, Inc. All rights reserved.
 */

#include <assert.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <libgen.h>
#include <libintl.h>
#include <libuutil.h>
#include <libnvpair.h>
#include <locale.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <strings.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <zone.h>
#include <grp.h>
#include <pwd.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <sys/list.h>
#include <sys/mkdev.h>
#include <sys/mntent.h>
#include <sys/mnttab.h>
#include <sys/mount.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/fs/zfs.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <time.h>

#include <libzfs.h>
#include <zfs_prop.h>
#include <zfs_deleg.h>
#include <libuutil.h>
#include <aclutils.h>
#include <directory.h>

#include "zfs_iter.h"
#include "zfs_util.h"
#include "zfs_comutil.h"

libzfs_handle_t *g_zfs;

static FILE *mnttab_file;
static char history_str[HIS_MAX_RECORD_LEN];

static int zfs_do_clone(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_create(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_destroy(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_get(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_inherit(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_list(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_mount(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_rename(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_rollback(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_set(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_upgrade(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_snapshot(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_unmount(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_share(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_unshare(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_send(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_receive(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_promote(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_userspace(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_allow(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_unallow(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_hold(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_holds(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_release(int argc, char **argv);
static int zfs_do_diff(int argc, char **argv);

/*
 * Enable a reasonable set of defaults for libumem debugging on DEBUG builds.
 */

#ifdef DEBUG
const char *
_umem_debug_init(void)
{
	return ("default,verbose"); /* $UMEM_DEBUG setting */
}

const char *
_umem_logging_init(void)
{
	return ("fail,contents"); /* $UMEM_LOGGING setting */
}
#endif

typedef enum {
	HELP_CLONE,
	HELP_CREATE,
	HELP_DESTROY,
	HELP_GET,
	HELP_INHERIT,
	HELP_UPGRADE,
	HELP_LIST,
	HELP_MOUNT,
	HELP_PROMOTE,
	HELP_RECEIVE,
	HELP_RENAME,
	HELP_ROLLBACK,
	HELP_SEND,
	HELP_SET,
	HELP_SHARE,
	HELP_SNAPSHOT,
	HELP_UNMOUNT,
	HELP_UNSHARE,
	HELP_ALLOW,
	HELP_UNALLOW,
	HELP_USERSPACE,
	HELP_GROUPSPACE,
	HELP_HOLD,
	HELP_HOLDS,
	HELP_RELEASE,
	HELP_DIFF,
} zfs_help_t;

typedef struct zfs_command {
	const char	*name;
	int		(*func)(int argc, char **argv);
	zfs_help_t	usage;
} zfs_command_t;

/*
 * Master command table.  Each ZFS command has a name, associated function, and
 * usage message.  The usage messages need to be internationalized, so we have
 * to have a function to return the usage message based on a command index.
 *
 * These commands are organized according to how they are displayed in the usage
 * message.  An empty command (one with a NULL name) indicates an empty line in
 * the generic usage message.
 */
static zfs_command_t command_table[] = {
	{ "create",	zfs_do_create,		HELP_CREATE		},
	{ "destroy",	zfs_do_destroy,		HELP_DESTROY		},
	{ NULL },
	{ "snapshot",	zfs_do_snapshot,	HELP_SNAPSHOT		},
	{ "rollback",	zfs_do_rollback,	HELP_ROLLBACK		},
	{ "clone",	zfs_do_clone,		HELP_CLONE		},
	{ "promote",	zfs_do_promote,		HELP_PROMOTE		},
	{ "rename",	zfs_do_rename,		HELP_RENAME		},
	{ NULL },
	{ "list",	zfs_do_list,		HELP_LIST		},
	{ NULL },
	{ "set",	zfs_do_set,		HELP_SET		},
	{ "get",	zfs_do_get,		HELP_GET		},
	{ "inherit",	zfs_do_inherit,		HELP_INHERIT		},
	{ "upgrade",	zfs_do_upgrade,		HELP_UPGRADE		},
	{ "userspace",	zfs_do_userspace,	HELP_USERSPACE		},
	{ "groupspace",	zfs_do_userspace,	HELP_GROUPSPACE		},
	{ NULL },
	{ "mount",	zfs_do_mount,		HELP_MOUNT		},
	{ "unmount",	zfs_do_unmount,		HELP_UNMOUNT		},
	{ "share",	zfs_do_share,		HELP_SHARE		},
	{ "unshare",	zfs_do_unshare,		HELP_UNSHARE		},
	{ NULL },
	{ "send",	zfs_do_send,		HELP_SEND		},
	{ "receive",	zfs_do_receive,		HELP_RECEIVE		},
	{ NULL },
	{ "allow",	zfs_do_allow,		HELP_ALLOW		},
	{ NULL },
	{ "unallow",	zfs_do_unallow,		HELP_UNALLOW		},
	{ NULL },
	{ "hold",	zfs_do_hold,		HELP_HOLD		},
	{ "holds",	zfs_do_holds,		HELP_HOLDS		},
	{ "release",	zfs_do_release,		HELP_RELEASE		},
	{ "diff",	zfs_do_diff,		HELP_DIFF		},
};

#define	NCOMMAND	(sizeof (command_table) / sizeof (command_table[0]))

zfs_command_t *current_command;

static const char *
get_usage(zfs_help_t idx)
{
	switch (idx) {
	case HELP_CLONE:
		return (gettext("\tclone [-p] [-o property=value] ... "
		    "<snapshot> <filesystem|volume>\n"));
	case HELP_CREATE:
		return (gettext("\tcreate [-p] [-o property=value] ... "
		    "<filesystem>\n"
		    "\tcreate [-ps] [-b blocksize] [-o property=value] ... "
		    "-V <size> <volume>\n"));
	case HELP_DESTROY:
		return (gettext("\tdestroy [-fnpRrv] <filesystem|volume>\n"
		    "\tdestroy [-dnpRrv] "
		    "<filesystem|volume>@<snap>[%<snap>][,...]\n"));
	case HELP_GET:
		return (gettext("\tget [-rHp] [-d max] "
		    "[-o \"all\" | field[,...]] [-t type[,...]] "
		    "[-s source[,...]]\n"
		    "\t    <\"all\" | property[,...]> "
		    "[filesystem|volume|snapshot] ...\n"));
	case HELP_INHERIT:
		return (gettext("\tinherit [-rS] <property> "
		    "<filesystem|volume|snapshot> ...\n"));
	case HELP_UPGRADE:
		return (gettext("\tupgrade [-v]\n"
		    "\tupgrade [-r] [-V version] <-a | filesystem ...>\n"));
	case HELP_LIST:
		return (gettext("\tlist [-rH][-d max] "
		    "[-o property[,...]] [-t type[,...]] [-s property] ...\n"
		    "\t    [-S property] ... "
		    "[filesystem|volume|snapshot] ...\n"));
	case HELP_MOUNT:
		return (gettext("\tmount\n"
		    "\tmount [-vO] [-o opts] <-a | filesystem>\n"));
	case HELP_PROMOTE:
		return (gettext("\tpromote <clone-filesystem>\n"));
	case HELP_RECEIVE:
		return (gettext("\treceive [-vnFu] <filesystem|volume|"
		"snapshot>\n"
		"\treceive [-vnFu] [-d | -e] <filesystem>\n"));
	case HELP_RENAME:
		return (gettext("\trename [-f] <filesystem|volume|snapshot> "
		    "<filesystem|volume|snapshot>\n"
		    "\trename [-f] -p <filesystem|volume> <filesystem|volume>\n"
		    "\trename -r <snapshot> <snapshot>"));
	case HELP_ROLLBACK:
		return (gettext("\trollback [-rRf] <snapshot>\n"));
	case HELP_SEND:
		return (gettext("\tsend [-DnPpRrv] [-[iI] snapshot] "
		    "<snapshot>\n"));
	case HELP_SET:
		return (gettext("\tset <property=value> "
		    "<filesystem|volume|snapshot> ...\n"));
	case HELP_SHARE:
		return (gettext("\tshare <-a | filesystem>\n"));
	case HELP_SNAPSHOT:
		return (gettext("\tsnapshot [-r] [-o property=value] ... "
		    "<[email protected]|[email protected]>\n"));
	case HELP_UNMOUNT:
		return (gettext("\tunmount [-f] "
		    "<-a | filesystem|mountpoint>\n"));
	case HELP_UNSHARE:
		return (gettext("\tunshare "
		    "<-a | filesystem|mountpoint>\n"));
	case HELP_ALLOW:
		return (gettext("\tallow <filesystem|volume>\n"
		    "\tallow [-ldug] "
		    "<\"everyone\"|user|group>[,...] <perm|@setname>[,...]\n"
		    "\t    <filesystem|volume>\n"
		    "\tallow [-ld] -e <perm|@setname>[,...] "
		    "<filesystem|volume>\n"
		    "\tallow -c <perm|@setname>[,...] <filesystem|volume>\n"
		    "\tallow -s @setname <perm|@setname>[,...] "
		    "<filesystem|volume>\n"));
	case HELP_UNALLOW:
		return (gettext("\tunallow [-rldug] "
		    "<\"everyone\"|user|group>[,...]\n"
		    "\t    [<perm|@setname>[,...]] <filesystem|volume>\n"
		    "\tunallow [-rld] -e [<perm|@setname>[,...]] "
		    "<filesystem|volume>\n"
		    "\tunallow [-r] -c [<perm|@setname>[,...]] "
		    "<filesystem|volume>\n"
		    "\tunallow [-r] -s @setname [<perm|@setname>[,...]] "
		    "<filesystem|volume>\n"));
	case HELP_USERSPACE:
		return (gettext("\tuserspace [-hniHp] [-o field[,...]] "
		    "[-sS field] ... [-t type[,...]]\n"
		    "\t    <filesystem|snapshot>\n"));
	case HELP_GROUPSPACE:
		return (gettext("\tgroupspace [-hniHpU] [-o field[,...]] "
		    "[-sS field] ... [-t type[,...]]\n"
		    "\t    <filesystem|snapshot>\n"));
	case HELP_HOLD:
		return (gettext("\thold [-r] <tag> <snapshot> ...\n"));
	case HELP_HOLDS:
		return (gettext("\tholds [-r] <snapshot> ...\n"));
	case HELP_RELEASE:
		return (gettext("\trelease [-r] <tag> <snapshot> ...\n"));
	case HELP_DIFF:
		return (gettext("\tdiff [-FHt] <snapshot> "
		    "[snapshot|filesystem]\n"));
	}

	abort();
	/* NOTREACHED */
}

void
nomem(void)
{
	(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("internal error: out of memory\n"));
	exit(1);
}

/*
 * Utility function to guarantee malloc() success.
 */

void *
safe_malloc(size_t size)
{
	void *data;

	if ((data = calloc(1, size)) == NULL)
		nomem();

	return (data);
}

static char *
safe_strdup(char *str)
{
	char *dupstr = strdup(str);

	if (dupstr == NULL)
		nomem();

	return (dupstr);
}

/*
 * Callback routine that will print out information for each of
 * the properties.
 */
static int
usage_prop_cb(int prop, void *cb)
{
	FILE *fp = cb;

	(void) fprintf(fp, "\t%-15s ", zfs_prop_to_name(prop));

	if (zfs_prop_readonly(prop))
		(void) fprintf(fp, " NO    ");
	else
		(void) fprintf(fp, "YES    ");

	if (zfs_prop_inheritable(prop))
		(void) fprintf(fp, "  YES   ");
	else
		(void) fprintf(fp, "   NO   ");

	if (zfs_prop_values(prop) == NULL)
		(void) fprintf(fp, "-\n");
	else
		(void) fprintf(fp, "%s\n", zfs_prop_values(prop));

	return (ZPROP_CONT);
}

/*
 * Display usage message.  If we're inside a command, display only the usage for
 * that command.  Otherwise, iterate over the entire command table and display
 * a complete usage message.
 */
static void
usage(boolean_t requested)
{
	int i;
	boolean_t show_properties = B_FALSE;
	FILE *fp = requested ? stdout : stderr;

	if (current_command == NULL) {

		(void) fprintf(fp, gettext("usage: zfs command args ...\n"));
		(void) fprintf(fp,
		    gettext("where 'command' is one of the following:\n\n"));

		for (i = 0; i < NCOMMAND; i++) {
			if (command_table[i].name == NULL)
				(void) fprintf(fp, "\n");
			else
				(void) fprintf(fp, "%s",
				    get_usage(command_table[i].usage));
		}

		(void) fprintf(fp, gettext("\nEach dataset is of the form: "
		    "pool/[dataset/]*dataset[@name]\n"));
	} else {
		(void) fprintf(fp, gettext("usage:\n"));
		(void) fprintf(fp, "%s", get_usage(current_command->usage));
	}

	if (current_command != NULL &&
	    (strcmp(current_command->name, "set") == 0 ||
	    strcmp(current_command->name, "get") == 0 ||
	    strcmp(current_command->name, "inherit") == 0 ||
	    strcmp(current_command->name, "list") == 0))
		show_properties = B_TRUE;

	if (show_properties) {
		(void) fprintf(fp,
		    gettext("\nThe following properties are supported:\n"));

		(void) fprintf(fp, "\n\t%-14s %s  %s   %s\n\n",
		    "PROPERTY", "EDIT", "INHERIT", "VALUES");

		/* Iterate over all properties */
		(void) zprop_iter(usage_prop_cb, fp, B_FALSE, B_TRUE,
		    ZFS_TYPE_DATASET);

		(void) fprintf(fp, "\t%-15s ", "[email protected]");
		(void) fprintf(fp, " NO       NO   <size>\n");
		(void) fprintf(fp, "\t%-15s ", "[email protected]");
		(void) fprintf(fp, " NO       NO   <size>\n");
		(void) fprintf(fp, "\t%-15s ", "[email protected]");
		(void) fprintf(fp, "YES       NO   <size> | none\n");
		(void) fprintf(fp, "\t%-15s ", "[email protected]");
		(void) fprintf(fp, "YES       NO   <size> | none\n");
		(void) fprintf(fp, "\t%-15s ", "[email protected]<snap>");
		(void) fprintf(fp, " NO       NO   <size>\n");

		(void) fprintf(fp, gettext("\nSizes are specified in bytes "
		    "with standard units such as K, M, G, etc.\n"));
		(void) fprintf(fp, gettext("\nUser-defined properties can "
		    "be specified by using a name containing a colon (:).\n"));
		(void) fprintf(fp, gettext("\nThe {user|group}{used|quota}@ "
		    "properties must be appended with\n"
		    "a user or group specifier of one of these forms:\n"
		    "    POSIX name      (eg: \"matt\")\n"
		    "    POSIX id        (eg: \"126829\")\n"
		    "    SMB [email protected] (eg: \"[email protected]\")\n"
		    "    SMB SID         (eg: \"S-1-234-567-89\")\n"));
	} else {
		(void) fprintf(fp,
		    gettext("\nFor the property list, run: %s\n"),
		    "zfs set|get");
		(void) fprintf(fp,
		    gettext("\nFor the delegated permission list, run: %s\n"),
		    "zfs allow|unallow");
	}

	/*
	 * See comments at end of main().
	 */
	if (getenv("ZFS_ABORT") != NULL) {
		(void) printf("dumping core by request\n");
		abort();
	}

	exit(requested ? 0 : 2);
}

static int
parseprop(nvlist_t *props)
{
	char *propname = optarg;
	char *propval, *strval;

	if ((propval = strchr(propname, '=')) == NULL) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing "
		    "'=' for -o option\n"));
		return (-1);
	}
	*propval = '\0';
	propval++;
	if (nvlist_lookup_string(props, propname, &strval) == 0) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("property '%s' "
		    "specified multiple times\n"), propname);
		return (-1);
	}
	if (nvlist_add_string(props, propname, propval) != 0)
		nomem();
	return (0);
}

static int
parse_depth(char *opt, int *flags)
{
	char *tmp;
	int depth;

	depth = (int)strtol(opt, &tmp, 0);
	if (*tmp) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr,
		    gettext("%s is not an integer\n"), optarg);
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}
	if (depth < 0) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr,
		    gettext("Depth can not be negative.\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}
	*flags |= (ZFS_ITER_DEPTH_LIMIT|ZFS_ITER_RECURSE);
	return (depth);
}

#define	PROGRESS_DELAY 2		/* seconds */

static char *pt_reverse = "\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b\b";
static time_t pt_begin;
static char *pt_header = NULL;
static boolean_t pt_shown;

static void
start_progress_timer(void)
{
	pt_begin = time(NULL) + PROGRESS_DELAY;
	pt_shown = B_FALSE;
}

static void
set_progress_header(char *header)
{
	assert(pt_header == NULL);
	pt_header = safe_strdup(header);
	if (pt_shown) {
		(void) printf("%s: ", header);
		(void) fflush(stdout);
	}
}

static void
update_progress(char *update)
{
	if (!pt_shown && time(NULL) > pt_begin) {
		int len = strlen(update);

		(void) printf("%s: %s%*.*s", pt_header, update, len, len,
		    pt_reverse);
		(void) fflush(stdout);
		pt_shown = B_TRUE;
	} else if (pt_shown) {
		int len = strlen(update);

		(void) printf("%s%*.*s", update, len, len, pt_reverse);
		(void) fflush(stdout);
	}
}

static void
finish_progress(char *done)
{
	if (pt_shown) {
		(void) printf("%s\n", done);
		(void) fflush(stdout);
	}
	free(pt_header);
	pt_header = NULL;
}
/*
 * zfs clone [-p] [-o prop=value] ... <snap> <fs | vol>
 *
 * Given an existing dataset, create a writable copy whose initial contents
 * are the same as the source.  The newly created dataset maintains a
 * dependency on the original; the original cannot be destroyed so long as
 * the clone exists.
 *
 * The '-p' flag creates all the non-existing ancestors of the target first.
 */
static int
zfs_do_clone(int argc, char **argv)
{
	zfs_handle_t *zhp = NULL;
	boolean_t parents = B_FALSE;
	nvlist_t *props;
	int ret = 0;
	int c;

	if (nvlist_alloc(&props, NV_UNIQUE_NAME, 0) != 0)
		nomem();

	/* check options */
	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "o:p")) != -1) {
		switch (c) {
		case 'o':
			if (parseprop(props))
				return (1);
			break;
		case 'p':
			parents = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case '?':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"),
			    optopt);
			goto usage;
		}
	}

	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	/* check number of arguments */
	if (argc < 1) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing source dataset "
		    "argument\n"));
		goto usage;
	}
	if (argc < 2) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing target dataset "
		    "argument\n"));
		goto usage;
	}
	if (argc > 2) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("too many arguments\n"));
		goto usage;
	}

	/* open the source dataset */
	if ((zhp = zfs_open(g_zfs, argv[0], ZFS_TYPE_SNAPSHOT)) == NULL)
		return (1);

	if (parents && zfs_name_valid(argv[1], ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM |
	    ZFS_TYPE_VOLUME)) {
		/*
		 * Now create the ancestors of the target dataset.  If the
		 * target already exists and '-p' option was used we should not
		 * complain.
		 */
		if (zfs_dataset_exists(g_zfs, argv[1], ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM |
		    ZFS_TYPE_VOLUME))
			return (0);
		if (zfs_create_ancestors(g_zfs, argv[1]) != 0)
			return (1);
	}

	/* pass to libzfs */
	ret = zfs_clone(zhp, argv[1], props);

	/* create the mountpoint if necessary */
	if (ret == 0) {
		zfs_handle_t *clone;

		clone = zfs_open(g_zfs, argv[1], ZFS_TYPE_DATASET);
		if (clone != NULL) {
			if (zfs_get_type(clone) != ZFS_TYPE_VOLUME)
				if ((ret = zfs_mount(clone, NULL, 0)) == 0)
					ret = zfs_share(clone);
			zfs_close(clone);
		}
	}

	zfs_close(zhp);
	nvlist_free(props);

	return (!!ret);

usage:
	if (zhp)
		zfs_close(zhp);
	nvlist_free(props);
	usage(B_FALSE);
	return (-1);
}

/*
 * zfs create [-p] [-o prop=value] ... fs
 * zfs create [-ps] [-b blocksize] [-o prop=value] ... -V vol size
 *
 * Create a new dataset.  This command can be used to create filesystems
 * and volumes.  Snapshot creation is handled by 'zfs snapshot'.
 * For volumes, the user must specify a size to be used.
 *
 * The '-s' flag applies only to volumes, and indicates that we should not try
 * to set the reservation for this volume.  By default we set a reservation
 * equal to the size for any volume.  For pools with SPA_VERSION >=
 * SPA_VERSION_REFRESERVATION, we set a refreservation instead.
 *
 * The '-p' flag creates all the non-existing ancestors of the target first.
 */
static int
zfs_do_create(int argc, char **argv)
{
	zfs_type_t type = ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM;
	zfs_handle_t *zhp = NULL;
	uint64_t volsize;
	int c;
	boolean_t noreserve = B_FALSE;
	boolean_t bflag = B_FALSE;
	boolean_t parents = B_FALSE;
	int ret = 1;
	nvlist_t *props;
	uint64_t intval;
	int canmount = ZFS_CANMOUNT_OFF;

	if (nvlist_alloc(&props, NV_UNIQUE_NAME, 0) != 0)
		nomem();

	/* check options */
	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, ":V:b:so:p")) != -1) {
		switch (c) {
		case 'V':
			type = ZFS_TYPE_VOLUME;
			if (zfs_nicestrtonum(g_zfs, optarg, &intval) != 0) {
				(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("bad volume "
				    "size '%s': %s\n"), optarg,
				    libzfs_error_description(g_zfs));
				goto error;
			}

			if (nvlist_add_uint64(props,
			    zfs_prop_to_name(ZFS_PROP_VOLSIZE), intval) != 0)
				nomem();
			volsize = intval;
			break;
		case 'p':
			parents = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'b':
			bflag = B_TRUE;
			if (zfs_nicestrtonum(g_zfs, optarg, &intval) != 0) {
				(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("bad volume "
				    "block size '%s': %s\n"), optarg,
				    libzfs_error_description(g_zfs));
				goto error;
			}

			if (nvlist_add_uint64(props,
			    zfs_prop_to_name(ZFS_PROP_VOLBLOCKSIZE),
			    intval) != 0)
				nomem();
			break;
		case 'o':
			if (parseprop(props))
				goto error;
			break;
		case 's':
			noreserve = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case ':':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing size "
			    "argument\n"));
			goto badusage;
		case '?':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"),
			    optopt);
			goto badusage;
		}
	}

	if ((bflag || noreserve) && type != ZFS_TYPE_VOLUME) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("'-s' and '-b' can only be "
		    "used when creating a volume\n"));
		goto badusage;
	}

	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	/* check number of arguments */
	if (argc == 0) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing %s argument\n"),
		    zfs_type_to_name(type));
		goto badusage;
	}
	if (argc > 1) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("too many arguments\n"));
		goto badusage;
	}

	if (type == ZFS_TYPE_VOLUME && !noreserve) {
		zpool_handle_t *zpool_handle;
		uint64_t spa_version;
		char *p;
		zfs_prop_t resv_prop;
		char *strval;

		if (p = strchr(argv[0], '/'))
			*p = '\0';
		zpool_handle = zpool_open(g_zfs, argv[0]);
		if (p != NULL)
			*p = '/';
		if (zpool_handle == NULL)
			goto error;
		spa_version = zpool_get_prop_int(zpool_handle,
		    ZPOOL_PROP_VERSION, NULL);
		zpool_close(zpool_handle);
		if (spa_version >= SPA_VERSION_REFRESERVATION)
			resv_prop = ZFS_PROP_REFRESERVATION;
		else
			resv_prop = ZFS_PROP_RESERVATION;
		volsize = zvol_volsize_to_reservation(volsize, props);

		if (nvlist_lookup_string(props, zfs_prop_to_name(resv_prop),
		    &strval) != 0) {
			if (nvlist_add_uint64(props,
			    zfs_prop_to_name(resv_prop), volsize) != 0) {
				nvlist_free(props);
				nomem();
			}
		}
	}

	if (parents && zfs_name_valid(argv[0], type)) {
		/*
		 * Now create the ancestors of target dataset.  If the target
		 * already exists and '-p' option was used we should not
		 * complain.
		 */
		if (zfs_dataset_exists(g_zfs, argv[0], type)) {
			ret = 0;
			goto error;
		}
		if (zfs_create_ancestors(g_zfs, argv[0]) != 0)
			goto error;
	}

	/* pass to libzfs */
	if (zfs_create(g_zfs, argv[0], type, props) != 0)
		goto error;

	if ((zhp = zfs_open(g_zfs, argv[0], ZFS_TYPE_DATASET)) == NULL)
		goto error;

	ret = 0;
	/*
	 * if the user doesn't want the dataset automatically mounted,
	 * then skip the mount/share step
	 */
	if (zfs_prop_valid_for_type(ZFS_PROP_CANMOUNT, type))
		canmount = zfs_prop_get_int(zhp, ZFS_PROP_CANMOUNT);

	/*
	 * Mount and/or share the new filesystem as appropriate.  We provide a
	 * verbose error message to let the user know that their filesystem was
	 * in fact created, even if we failed to mount or share it.
	 */
	if (canmount == ZFS_CANMOUNT_ON) {
		if (zfs_mount(zhp, NULL, 0) != 0) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("filesystem "
			    "successfully created, but not mounted\n"));
			ret = 1;
		} else if (zfs_share(zhp) != 0) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("filesystem "
			    "successfully created, but not shared\n"));
			ret = 1;
		}
	}

error:
	if (zhp)
		zfs_close(zhp);
	nvlist_free(props);
	return (ret);
badusage:
	nvlist_free(props);
	usage(B_FALSE);
	return (2);
}

/*
 * zfs destroy [-rRf] <fs, vol>
 * zfs destroy [-rRd] <snap>
 *
 *	-r	Recursively destroy all children
 *	-R	Recursively destroy all dependents, including clones
 *	-f	Force unmounting of any dependents
 *	-d	If we can't destroy now, mark for deferred destruction
 *
 * Destroys the given dataset.  By default, it will unmount any filesystems,
 * and refuse to destroy a dataset that has any dependents.  A dependent can
 * either be a child, or a clone of a child.
 */
typedef struct destroy_cbdata {
	boolean_t	cb_first;
	boolean_t	cb_force;
	boolean_t	cb_recurse;
	boolean_t	cb_error;
	boolean_t	cb_doclones;
	zfs_handle_t	*cb_target;
	boolean_t	cb_defer_destroy;
	boolean_t	cb_verbose;
	boolean_t	cb_parsable;
	boolean_t	cb_dryrun;
	nvlist_t	*cb_nvl;

	/* first snap in contiguous run */
	zfs_handle_t	*cb_firstsnap;
	/* previous snap in contiguous run */
	zfs_handle_t	*cb_prevsnap;
	int64_t		cb_snapused;
	char		*cb_snapspec;
} destroy_cbdata_t;

/*
 * Check for any dependents based on the '-r' or '-R' flags.
 */
static int
destroy_check_dependent(zfs_handle_t *zhp, void *data)
{
	destroy_cbdata_t *cbp = data;
	const char *tname = zfs_get_name(cbp->cb_target);
	const char *name = zfs_get_name(zhp);

	if (strncmp(tname, name, strlen(tname)) == 0 &&
	    (name[strlen(tname)] == '/' || name[strlen(tname)] == '@')) {
		/*
		 * This is a direct descendant, not a clone somewhere else in
		 * the hierarchy.
		 */
		if (cbp->cb_recurse)
			goto out;

		if (cbp->cb_first) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot destroy '%s': "
			    "%s has children\n"),
			    zfs_get_name(cbp->cb_target),
			    zfs_type_to_name(zfs_get_type(cbp->cb_target)));
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("use '-r' to destroy "
			    "the following datasets:\n"));
			cbp->cb_first = B_FALSE;
			cbp->cb_error = B_TRUE;
		}

		(void) fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", zfs_get_name(zhp));
	} else {
		/*
		 * This is a clone.  We only want to report this if the '-r'
		 * wasn't specified, or the target is a snapshot.
		 */
		if (!cbp->cb_recurse &&
		    zfs_get_type(cbp->cb_target) != ZFS_TYPE_SNAPSHOT)
			goto out;

		if (cbp->cb_first) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot destroy '%s': "
			    "%s has dependent clones\n"),
			    zfs_get_name(cbp->cb_target),
			    zfs_type_to_name(zfs_get_type(cbp->cb_target)));
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("use '-R' to destroy "
			    "the following datasets:\n"));
			cbp->cb_first = B_FALSE;
			cbp->cb_error = B_TRUE;
			cbp->cb_dryrun = B_TRUE;
		}

		(void) fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", zfs_get_name(zhp));
	}

out:
	zfs_close(zhp);
	return (0);
}

static int
destroy_callback(zfs_handle_t *zhp, void *data)
{
	destroy_cbdata_t *cb = data;
	const char *name = zfs_get_name(zhp);

	if (cb->cb_verbose) {
		if (cb->cb_parsable) {
			(void) printf("destroy\t%s\n", name);
		} else if (cb->cb_dryrun) {
			(void) printf(gettext("would destroy %s\n"),
			    name);
		} else {
			(void) printf(gettext("will destroy %s\n"),
			    name);
		}
	}

	/*
	 * Ignore pools (which we've already flagged as an error before getting
	 * here).
	 */
	if (strchr(zfs_get_name(zhp), '/') == NULL &&
	    zfs_get_type(zhp) == ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM) {
		zfs_close(zhp);
		return (0);
	}

	if (!cb->cb_dryrun) {
		if (zfs_unmount(zhp, NULL, cb->cb_force ? MS_FORCE : 0) != 0 ||
		    zfs_destroy(zhp, cb->cb_defer_destroy) != 0) {
			zfs_close(zhp);
			return (-1);
		}
	}

	zfs_close(zhp);
	return (0);
}

static int
destroy_print_cb(zfs_handle_t *zhp, void *arg)
{
	destroy_cbdata_t *cb = arg;
	const char *name = zfs_get_name(zhp);
	int err = 0;

	if (nvlist_exists(cb->cb_nvl, name)) {
		if (cb->cb_firstsnap == NULL)
			cb->cb_firstsnap = zfs_handle_dup(zhp);
		if (cb->cb_prevsnap != NULL)
			zfs_close(cb->cb_prevsnap);
		/* this snap continues the current range */
		cb->cb_prevsnap = zfs_handle_dup(zhp);
		if (cb->cb_verbose) {
			if (cb->cb_parsable) {
				(void) printf("destroy\t%s\n", name);
			} else if (cb->cb_dryrun) {
				(void) printf(gettext("would destroy %s\n"),
				    name);
			} else {
				(void) printf(gettext("will destroy %s\n"),
				    name);
			}
		}
	} else if (cb->cb_firstsnap != NULL) {
		/* end of this range */
		uint64_t used = 0;
		err = zfs_get_snapused_int(cb->cb_firstsnap,
		    cb->cb_prevsnap, &used);
		cb->cb_snapused += used;
		zfs_close(cb->cb_firstsnap);
		cb->cb_firstsnap = NULL;
		zfs_close(cb->cb_prevsnap);
		cb->cb_prevsnap = NULL;
	}
	zfs_close(zhp);
	return (err);
}

static int
destroy_print_snapshots(zfs_handle_t *fs_zhp, destroy_cbdata_t *cb)
{
	int err = 0;
	assert(cb->cb_firstsnap == NULL);
	assert(cb->cb_prevsnap == NULL);
	err = zfs_iter_snapshots_sorted(fs_zhp, destroy_print_cb, cb);
	if (cb->cb_firstsnap != NULL) {
		uint64_t used = 0;
		if (err == 0) {
			err = zfs_get_snapused_int(cb->cb_firstsnap,
			    cb->cb_prevsnap, &used);
		}
		cb->cb_snapused += used;
		zfs_close(cb->cb_firstsnap);
		cb->cb_firstsnap = NULL;
		zfs_close(cb->cb_prevsnap);
		cb->cb_prevsnap = NULL;
	}
	return (err);
}

static int
snapshot_to_nvl_cb(zfs_handle_t *zhp, void *arg)
{
	destroy_cbdata_t *cb = arg;
	int err = 0;

	/* Check for clones. */
	if (!cb->cb_doclones) {
		cb->cb_target = zhp;
		cb->cb_first = B_TRUE;
		err = zfs_iter_dependents(zhp, B_TRUE,
		    destroy_check_dependent, cb);
	}

	if (err == 0) {
		if (nvlist_add_boolean(cb->cb_nvl, zfs_get_name(zhp)))
			nomem();
	}
	zfs_close(zhp);
	return (err);
}

static int
gather_snapshots(zfs_handle_t *zhp, void *arg)
{
	destroy_cbdata_t *cb = arg;
	int err = 0;

	err = zfs_iter_snapspec(zhp, cb->cb_snapspec, snapshot_to_nvl_cb, cb);
	if (err == ENOENT)
		err = 0;
	if (err != 0)
		goto out;

	if (cb->cb_verbose) {
		err = destroy_print_snapshots(zhp, cb);
		if (err != 0)
			goto out;
	}

	if (cb->cb_recurse)
		err = zfs_iter_filesystems(zhp, gather_snapshots, cb);

out:
	zfs_close(zhp);
	return (err);
}

static int
destroy_clones(destroy_cbdata_t *cb)
{
	nvpair_t *pair;
	for (pair = nvlist_next_nvpair(cb->cb_nvl, NULL);
	    pair != NULL;
	    pair = nvlist_next_nvpair(cb->cb_nvl, pair)) {
		zfs_handle_t *zhp = zfs_open(g_zfs, nvpair_name(pair),
		    ZFS_TYPE_SNAPSHOT);
		if (zhp != NULL) {
			boolean_t defer = cb->cb_defer_destroy;
			int err = 0;

			/*
			 * We can't defer destroy non-snapshots, so set it to
			 * false while destroying the clones.
			 */
			cb->cb_defer_destroy = B_FALSE;
			err = zfs_iter_dependents(zhp, B_FALSE,
			    destroy_callback, cb);
			cb->cb_defer_destroy = defer;
			zfs_close(zhp);
			if (err != 0)
				return (err);
		}
	}
	return (0);
}

static int
zfs_do_destroy(int argc, char **argv)
{
	destroy_cbdata_t cb = { 0 };
	int c;
	zfs_handle_t *zhp;
	char *at;
	zfs_type_t type = ZFS_TYPE_DATASET;

	/* check options */
	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "vpndfrR")) != -1) {
		switch (c) {
		case 'v':
			cb.cb_verbose = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'p':
			cb.cb_verbose = B_TRUE;
			cb.cb_parsable = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'n':
			cb.cb_dryrun = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'd':
			cb.cb_defer_destroy = B_TRUE;
			type = ZFS_TYPE_SNAPSHOT;
			break;
		case 'f':
			cb.cb_force = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'r':
			cb.cb_recurse = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'R':
			cb.cb_recurse = B_TRUE;
			cb.cb_doclones = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case '?':
		default:
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"),
			    optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}
	}

	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	/* check number of arguments */
	if (argc == 0) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing dataset argument\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}
	if (argc > 1) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("too many arguments\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}

	at = strchr(argv[0], '@');
	if (at != NULL) {
		int err = 0;

		/* Build the list of snaps to destroy in cb_nvl. */
		if (nvlist_alloc(&cb.cb_nvl, NV_UNIQUE_NAME, 0) != 0)
			nomem();

		*at = '\0';
		zhp = zfs_open(g_zfs, argv[0],
		    ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM | ZFS_TYPE_VOLUME);
		if (zhp == NULL)
			return (1);

		cb.cb_snapspec = at + 1;
		if (gather_snapshots(zfs_handle_dup(zhp), &cb) != 0 ||
		    cb.cb_error) {
			zfs_close(zhp);
			nvlist_free(cb.cb_nvl);
			return (1);
		}

		if (nvlist_empty(cb.cb_nvl)) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("could not find any "
			    "snapshots to destroy; check snapshot names.\n"));
			zfs_close(zhp);
			nvlist_free(cb.cb_nvl);
			return (1);
		}

		if (cb.cb_verbose) {
			char buf[16];
			zfs_nicenum(cb.cb_snapused, buf, sizeof (buf));
			if (cb.cb_parsable) {
				(void) printf("reclaim\t%llu\n",
				    cb.cb_snapused);
			} else if (cb.cb_dryrun) {
				(void) printf(gettext("would reclaim %s\n"),
				    buf);
			} else {
				(void) printf(gettext("will reclaim %s\n"),
				    buf);
			}
		}

		if (!cb.cb_dryrun) {
			if (cb.cb_doclones)
				err = destroy_clones(&cb);
			if (err == 0) {
				err = zfs_destroy_snaps_nvl(zhp, cb.cb_nvl,
				    cb.cb_defer_destroy);
			}
		}

		zfs_close(zhp);
		nvlist_free(cb.cb_nvl);
		if (err != 0)
			return (1);
	} else {
		/* Open the given dataset */
		if ((zhp = zfs_open(g_zfs, argv[0], type)) == NULL)
			return (1);

		cb.cb_target = zhp;

		/*
		 * Perform an explicit check for pools before going any further.
		 */
		if (!cb.cb_recurse && strchr(zfs_get_name(zhp), '/') == NULL &&
		    zfs_get_type(zhp) == ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot destroy '%s': "
			    "operation does not apply to pools\n"),
			    zfs_get_name(zhp));
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("use 'zfs destroy -r "
			    "%s' to destroy all datasets in the pool\n"),
			    zfs_get_name(zhp));
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("use 'zpool destroy %s' "
			    "to destroy the pool itself\n"), zfs_get_name(zhp));
			zfs_close(zhp);
			return (1);
		}

		/*
		 * Check for any dependents and/or clones.
		 */
		cb.cb_first = B_TRUE;
		if (!cb.cb_doclones &&
		    zfs_iter_dependents(zhp, B_TRUE, destroy_check_dependent,
		    &cb) != 0) {
			zfs_close(zhp);
			return (1);
		}

		if (cb.cb_error) {
			zfs_close(zhp);
			return (1);
		}

		if (zfs_iter_dependents(zhp, B_FALSE, destroy_callback,
		    &cb) != 0) {
			zfs_close(zhp);
			return (1);
		}

		/*
		 * Do the real thing.  The callback will close the
		 * handle regardless of whether it succeeds or not.
		 */
		if (destroy_callback(zhp, &cb) != 0)
			return (1);
	}

	return (0);
}

static boolean_t
is_recvd_column(zprop_get_cbdata_t *cbp)
{
	int i;
	zfs_get_column_t col;

	for (i = 0; i < ZFS_GET_NCOLS &&
	    (col = cbp->cb_columns[i]) != GET_COL_NONE; i++)
		if (col == GET_COL_RECVD)
			return (B_TRUE);
	return (B_FALSE);
}

/*
 * zfs get [-rHp] [-o all | field[,field]...] [-s source[,source]...]
 *	< all | property[,property]... > < fs | snap | vol > ...
 *
 *	-r	recurse over any child datasets
 *	-H	scripted mode.  Headers are stripped, and fields are separated
 *		by tabs instead of spaces.
 *	-o	Set of fields to display.  One of "name,property,value,
 *		received,source". Default is "name,property,value,source".
 *		"all" is an alias for all five.
 *	-s	Set of sources to allow.  One of
 *		"local,default,inherited,received,temporary,none".  Default is
 *		all six.
 *	-p	Display values in parsable (literal) format.
 *
 *  Prints properties for the given datasets.  The user can control which
 *  columns to display as well as which property types to allow.
 */

/*
 * Invoked to display the properties for a single dataset.
 */
static int
get_callback(zfs_handle_t *zhp, void *data)
{
	char buf[ZFS_MAXPROPLEN];
	char rbuf[ZFS_MAXPROPLEN];
	zprop_source_t sourcetype;
	char source[ZFS_MAXNAMELEN];
	zprop_get_cbdata_t *cbp = data;
	nvlist_t *user_props = zfs_get_user_props(zhp);
	zprop_list_t *pl = cbp->cb_proplist;
	nvlist_t *propval;
	char *strval;
	char *sourceval;
	boolean_t received = is_recvd_column(cbp);

	for (; pl != NULL; pl = pl->pl_next) {
		char *recvdval = NULL;
		/*
		 * Skip the special fake placeholder.  This will also skip over
		 * the name property when 'all' is specified.
		 */
		if (pl->pl_prop == ZFS_PROP_NAME &&
		    pl == cbp->cb_proplist)
			continue;

		if (pl->pl_prop != ZPROP_INVAL) {
			if (zfs_prop_get(zhp, pl->pl_prop, buf,
			    sizeof (buf), &sourcetype, source,
			    sizeof (source),
			    cbp->cb_literal) != 0) {
				if (pl->pl_all)
					continue;
				if (!zfs_prop_valid_for_type(pl->pl_prop,
				    ZFS_TYPE_DATASET)) {
					(void) fprintf(stderr,
					    gettext("No such property '%s'\n"),
					    zfs_prop_to_name(pl->pl_prop));
					continue;
				}
				sourcetype = ZPROP_SRC_NONE;
				(void) strlcpy(buf, "-", sizeof (buf));
			}

			if (received && (zfs_prop_get_recvd(zhp,
			    zfs_prop_to_name(pl->pl_prop), rbuf, sizeof (rbuf),
			    cbp->cb_literal) == 0))
				recvdval = rbuf;

			zprop_print_one_property(zfs_get_name(zhp), cbp,
			    zfs_prop_to_name(pl->pl_prop),
			    buf, sourcetype, source, recvdval);
		} else if (zfs_prop_userquota(pl->pl_user_prop)) {
			sourcetype = ZPROP_SRC_LOCAL;

			if (zfs_prop_get_userquota(zhp, pl->pl_user_prop,
			    buf, sizeof (buf), cbp->cb_literal) != 0) {
				sourcetype = ZPROP_SRC_NONE;
				(void) strlcpy(buf, "-", sizeof (buf));
			}

			zprop_print_one_property(zfs_get_name(zhp), cbp,
			    pl->pl_user_prop, buf, sourcetype, source, NULL);
		} else if (zfs_prop_written(pl->pl_user_prop)) {
			sourcetype = ZPROP_SRC_LOCAL;

			if (zfs_prop_get_written(zhp, pl->pl_user_prop,
			    buf, sizeof (buf), cbp->cb_literal) != 0) {
				sourcetype = ZPROP_SRC_NONE;
				(void) strlcpy(buf, "-", sizeof (buf));
			}

			zprop_print_one_property(zfs_get_name(zhp), cbp,
			    pl->pl_user_prop, buf, sourcetype, source, NULL);
		} else {
			if (nvlist_lookup_nvlist(user_props,
			    pl->pl_user_prop, &propval) != 0) {
				if (pl->pl_all)
					continue;
				sourcetype = ZPROP_SRC_NONE;
				strval = "-";
			} else {
				verify(nvlist_lookup_string(propval,
				    ZPROP_VALUE, &strval) == 0);
				verify(nvlist_lookup_string(propval,
				    ZPROP_SOURCE, &sourceval) == 0);

				if (strcmp(sourceval,
				    zfs_get_name(zhp)) == 0) {
					sourcetype = ZPROP_SRC_LOCAL;
				} else if (strcmp(sourceval,
				    ZPROP_SOURCE_VAL_RECVD) == 0) {
					sourcetype = ZPROP_SRC_RECEIVED;
				} else {
					sourcetype = ZPROP_SRC_INHERITED;
					(void) strlcpy(source,
					    sourceval, sizeof (source));
				}
			}

			if (received && (zfs_prop_get_recvd(zhp,
			    pl->pl_user_prop, rbuf, sizeof (rbuf),
			    cbp->cb_literal) == 0))
				recvdval = rbuf;

			zprop_print_one_property(zfs_get_name(zhp), cbp,
			    pl->pl_user_prop, strval, sourcetype,
			    source, recvdval);
		}
	}

	return (0);
}

static int
zfs_do_get(int argc, char **argv)
{
	zprop_get_cbdata_t cb = { 0 };
	int i, c, flags = ZFS_ITER_ARGS_CAN_BE_PATHS;
	int types = ZFS_TYPE_DATASET;
	char *value, *fields;
	int ret = 0;
	int limit = 0;
	zprop_list_t fake_name = { 0 };

	/*
	 * Set up default columns and sources.
	 */
	cb.cb_sources = ZPROP_SRC_ALL;
	cb.cb_columns[0] = GET_COL_NAME;
	cb.cb_columns[1] = GET_COL_PROPERTY;
	cb.cb_columns[2] = GET_COL_VALUE;
	cb.cb_columns[3] = GET_COL_SOURCE;
	cb.cb_type = ZFS_TYPE_DATASET;

	/* check options */
	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, ":d:o:s:rt:Hp")) != -1) {
		switch (c) {
		case 'p':
			cb.cb_literal = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'd':
			limit = parse_depth(optarg, &flags);
			break;
		case 'r':
			flags |= ZFS_ITER_RECURSE;
			break;
		case 'H':
			cb.cb_scripted = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case ':':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing argument for "
			    "'%c' option\n"), optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
			break;
		case 'o':
			/*
			 * Process the set of columns to display.  We zero out
			 * the structure to give us a blank slate.
			 */
			bzero(&cb.cb_columns, sizeof (cb.cb_columns));
			i = 0;
			while (*optarg != '\0') {
				static char *col_subopts[] =
				    { "name", "property", "value", "received",
				    "source", "all", NULL };

				if (i == ZFS_GET_NCOLS) {
					(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("too "
					    "many fields given to -o "
					    "option\n"));
					usage(B_FALSE);
				}

				switch (getsubopt(&optarg, col_subopts,
				    &value)) {
				case 0:
					cb.cb_columns[i++] = GET_COL_NAME;
					break;
				case 1:
					cb.cb_columns[i++] = GET_COL_PROPERTY;
					break;
				case 2:
					cb.cb_columns[i++] = GET_COL_VALUE;
					break;
				case 3:
					cb.cb_columns[i++] = GET_COL_RECVD;
					flags |= ZFS_ITER_RECVD_PROPS;
					break;
				case 4:
					cb.cb_columns[i++] = GET_COL_SOURCE;
					break;
				case 5:
					if (i > 0) {
						(void) fprintf(stderr,
						    gettext("\"all\" conflicts "
						    "with specific fields "
						    "given to -o option\n"));
						usage(B_FALSE);
					}
					cb.cb_columns[0] = GET_COL_NAME;
					cb.cb_columns[1] = GET_COL_PROPERTY;
					cb.cb_columns[2] = GET_COL_VALUE;
					cb.cb_columns[3] = GET_COL_RECVD;
					cb.cb_columns[4] = GET_COL_SOURCE;
					flags |= ZFS_ITER_RECVD_PROPS;
					i = ZFS_GET_NCOLS;
					break;
				default:
					(void) fprintf(stderr,
					    gettext("invalid column name "
					    "'%s'\n"), value);
					usage(B_FALSE);
				}
			}
			break;

		case 's':
			cb.cb_sources = 0;
			while (*optarg != '\0') {
				static char *source_subopts[] = {
					"local", "default", "inherited",
					"received", "temporary", "none",
					NULL };

				switch (getsubopt(&optarg, source_subopts,
				    &value)) {
				case 0:
					cb.cb_sources |= ZPROP_SRC_LOCAL;
					break;
				case 1:
					cb.cb_sources |= ZPROP_SRC_DEFAULT;
					break;
				case 2:
					cb.cb_sources |= ZPROP_SRC_INHERITED;
					break;
				case 3:
					cb.cb_sources |= ZPROP_SRC_RECEIVED;
					break;
				case 4:
					cb.cb_sources |= ZPROP_SRC_TEMPORARY;
					break;
				case 5:
					cb.cb_sources |= ZPROP_SRC_NONE;
					break;
				default:
					(void) fprintf(stderr,
					    gettext("invalid source "
					    "'%s'\n"), value);
					usage(B_FALSE);
				}
			}
			break;

		case 't':
			types = 0;
			flags &= ~ZFS_ITER_PROP_LISTSNAPS;
			while (*optarg != '\0') {
				static char *type_subopts[] = { "filesystem",
				    "volume", "snapshot", "all", NULL };

				switch (getsubopt(&optarg, type_subopts,
				    &value)) {
				case 0:
					types |= ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM;
					break;
				case 1:
					types |= ZFS_TYPE_VOLUME;
					break;
				case 2:
					types |= ZFS_TYPE_SNAPSHOT;
					break;
				case 3:
					types = ZFS_TYPE_DATASET;
					break;

				default:
					(void) fprintf(stderr,
					    gettext("invalid type '%s'\n"),
					    value);
					usage(B_FALSE);
				}
			}
			break;

		case '?':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"),
			    optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}
	}

	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	if (argc < 1) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing property "
		    "argument\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}

	fields = argv[0];

	if (zprop_get_list(g_zfs, fields, &cb.cb_proplist, ZFS_TYPE_DATASET)
	    != 0)
		usage(B_FALSE);

	argc--;
	argv++;

	/*
	 * As part of zfs_expand_proplist(), we keep track of the maximum column
	 * width for each property.  For the 'NAME' (and 'SOURCE') columns, we
	 * need to know the maximum name length.  However, the user likely did
	 * not specify 'name' as one of the properties to fetch, so we need to
	 * make sure we always include at least this property for
	 * print_get_headers() to work properly.
	 */
	if (cb.cb_proplist != NULL) {
		fake_name.pl_prop = ZFS_PROP_NAME;
		fake_name.pl_width = strlen(gettext("NAME"));
		fake_name.pl_next = cb.cb_proplist;
		cb.cb_proplist = &fake_name;
	}

	cb.cb_first = B_TRUE;

	/* run for each object */
	ret = zfs_for_each(argc, argv, flags, types, NULL,
	    &cb.cb_proplist, limit, get_callback, &cb);

	if (cb.cb_proplist == &fake_name)
		zprop_free_list(fake_name.pl_next);
	else
		zprop_free_list(cb.cb_proplist);

	return (ret);
}

/*
 * inherit [-rS] <property> <fs|vol> ...
 *
 *	-r	Recurse over all children
 *	-S	Revert to received value, if any
 *
 * For each dataset specified on the command line, inherit the given property
 * from its parent.  Inheriting a property at the pool level will cause it to
 * use the default value.  The '-r' flag will recurse over all children, and is
 * useful for setting a property on a hierarchy-wide basis, regardless of any
 * local modifications for each dataset.
 */

typedef struct inherit_cbdata {
	const char *cb_propname;
	boolean_t cb_received;
} inherit_cbdata_t;

static int
inherit_recurse_cb(zfs_handle_t *zhp, void *data)
{
	inherit_cbdata_t *cb = data;
	zfs_prop_t prop = zfs_name_to_prop(cb->cb_propname);

	/*
	 * If we're doing it recursively, then ignore properties that
	 * are not valid for this type of dataset.
	 */
	if (prop != ZPROP_INVAL &&
	    !zfs_prop_valid_for_type(prop, zfs_get_type(zhp)))
		return (0);

	return (zfs_prop_inherit(zhp, cb->cb_propname, cb->cb_received) != 0);
}

static int
inherit_cb(zfs_handle_t *zhp, void *data)
{
	inherit_cbdata_t *cb = data;

	return (zfs_prop_inherit(zhp, cb->cb_propname, cb->cb_received) != 0);
}

static int
zfs_do_inherit(int argc, char **argv)
{
	int c;
	zfs_prop_t prop;
	inherit_cbdata_t cb = { 0 };
	char *propname;
	int ret = 0;
	int flags = 0;
	boolean_t received = B_FALSE;

	/* check options */
	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "rS")) != -1) {
		switch (c) {
		case 'r':
			flags |= ZFS_ITER_RECURSE;
			break;
		case 'S':
			received = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case '?':
		default:
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"),
			    optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}
	}

	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	/* check number of arguments */
	if (argc < 1) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing property argument\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}
	if (argc < 2) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing dataset argument\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}

	propname = argv[0];
	argc--;
	argv++;

	if ((prop = zfs_name_to_prop(propname)) != ZPROP_INVAL) {
		if (zfs_prop_readonly(prop)) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext(
			    "%s property is read-only\n"),
			    propname);
			return (1);
		}
		if (!zfs_prop_inheritable(prop) && !received) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("'%s' property cannot "
			    "be inherited\n"), propname);
			if (prop == ZFS_PROP_QUOTA ||
			    prop == ZFS_PROP_RESERVATION ||
			    prop == ZFS_PROP_REFQUOTA ||
			    prop == ZFS_PROP_REFRESERVATION)
				(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("use 'zfs set "
				    "%s=none' to clear\n"), propname);
			return (1);
		}
		if (received && (prop == ZFS_PROP_VOLSIZE ||
		    prop == ZFS_PROP_VERSION)) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("'%s' property cannot "
			    "be reverted to a received value\n"), propname);
			return (1);
		}
	} else if (!zfs_prop_user(propname)) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid property '%s'\n"),
		    propname);
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}

	cb.cb_propname = propname;
	cb.cb_received = received;

	if (flags & ZFS_ITER_RECURSE) {
		ret = zfs_for_each(argc, argv, flags, ZFS_TYPE_DATASET,
		    NULL, NULL, 0, inherit_recurse_cb, &cb);
	} else {
		ret = zfs_for_each(argc, argv, flags, ZFS_TYPE_DATASET,
		    NULL, NULL, 0, inherit_cb, &cb);
	}

	return (ret);
}

typedef struct upgrade_cbdata {
	uint64_t cb_numupgraded;
	uint64_t cb_numsamegraded;
	uint64_t cb_numfailed;
	uint64_t cb_version;
	boolean_t cb_newer;
	boolean_t cb_foundone;
	char cb_lastfs[ZFS_MAXNAMELEN];
} upgrade_cbdata_t;

static int
same_pool(zfs_handle_t *zhp, const char *name)
{
	int len1 = strcspn(name, "/@");
	const char *zhname = zfs_get_name(zhp);
	int len2 = strcspn(zhname, "/@");

	if (len1 != len2)
		return (B_FALSE);
	return (strncmp(name, zhname, len1) == 0);
}

static int
upgrade_list_callback(zfs_handle_t *zhp, void *data)
{
	upgrade_cbdata_t *cb = data;
	int version = zfs_prop_get_int(zhp, ZFS_PROP_VERSION);

	/* list if it's old/new */
	if ((!cb->cb_newer && version < ZPL_VERSION) ||
	    (cb->cb_newer && version > ZPL_VERSION)) {
		char *str;
		if (cb->cb_newer) {
			str = gettext("The following filesystems are "
			    "formatted using a newer software version and\n"
			    "cannot be accessed on the current system.\n\n");
		} else {
			str = gettext("The following filesystems are "
			    "out of date, and can be upgraded.  After being\n"
			    "upgraded, these filesystems (and any 'zfs send' "
			    "streams generated from\n"
			    "subsequent snapshots) will no longer be "
			    "accessible by older software versions.\n\n");
		}

		if (!cb->cb_foundone) {
			(void) puts(str);
			(void) printf(gettext("VER  FILESYSTEM\n"));
			(void) printf(gettext("---  ------------\n"));
			cb->cb_foundone = B_TRUE;
		}

		(void) printf("%2u   %s\n", version, zfs_get_name(zhp));
	}

	return (0);
}

static int
upgrade_set_callback(zfs_handle_t *zhp, void *data)
{
	upgrade_cbdata_t *cb = data;
	int version = zfs_prop_get_int(zhp, ZFS_PROP_VERSION);
	int needed_spa_version;
	int spa_version;

	if (zfs_spa_version(zhp, &spa_version) < 0)
		return (-1);

	needed_spa_version = zfs_spa_version_map(cb->cb_version);

	if (needed_spa_version < 0)
		return (-1);

	if (spa_version < needed_spa_version) {
		/* can't upgrade */
		(void) printf(gettext("%s: can not be "
		    "upgraded; the pool version needs to first "
		    "be upgraded\nto version %d\n\n"),
		    zfs_get_name(zhp), needed_spa_version);
		cb->cb_numfailed++;
		return (0);
	}

	/* upgrade */
	if (version < cb->cb_version) {
		char verstr[16];
		(void) snprintf(verstr, sizeof (verstr),
		    "%llu", cb->cb_version);
		if (cb->cb_lastfs[0] && !same_pool(zhp, cb->cb_lastfs)) {
			/*
			 * If they did "zfs upgrade -a", then we could
			 * be doing ioctls to different pools.  We need
			 * to log this history once to each pool.
			 */
			verify(zpool_stage_history(g_zfs, history_str) == 0);
		}
		if (zfs_prop_set(zhp, "version", verstr) == 0)
			cb->cb_numupgraded++;
		else
			cb->cb_numfailed++;
		(void) strcpy(cb->cb_lastfs, zfs_get_name(zhp));
	} else if (version > cb->cb_version) {
		/* can't downgrade */
		(void) printf(gettext("%s: can not be downgraded; "
		    "it is already at version %u\n"),
		    zfs_get_name(zhp), version);
		cb->cb_numfailed++;
	} else {
		cb->cb_numsamegraded++;
	}
	return (0);
}

/*
 * zfs upgrade
 * zfs upgrade -v
 * zfs upgrade [-r] [-V <version>] <-a | filesystem>
 */
static int
zfs_do_upgrade(int argc, char **argv)
{
	boolean_t all = B_FALSE;
	boolean_t showversions = B_FALSE;
	int ret = 0;
	upgrade_cbdata_t cb = { 0 };
	char c;
	int flags = ZFS_ITER_ARGS_CAN_BE_PATHS;

	/* check options */
	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "rvV:a")) != -1) {
		switch (c) {
		case 'r':
			flags |= ZFS_ITER_RECURSE;
			break;
		case 'v':
			showversions = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'V':
			if (zfs_prop_string_to_index(ZFS_PROP_VERSION,
			    optarg, &cb.cb_version) != 0) {
				(void) fprintf(stderr,
				    gettext("invalid version %s\n"), optarg);
				usage(B_FALSE);
			}
			break;
		case 'a':
			all = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case '?':
		default:
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"),
			    optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}
	}

	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	if ((!all && !argc) && ((flags & ZFS_ITER_RECURSE) | cb.cb_version))
		usage(B_FALSE);
	if (showversions && (flags & ZFS_ITER_RECURSE || all ||
	    cb.cb_version || argc))
		usage(B_FALSE);
	if ((all || argc) && (showversions))
		usage(B_FALSE);
	if (all && argc)
		usage(B_FALSE);

	if (showversions) {
		/* Show info on available versions. */
		(void) printf(gettext("The following filesystem versions are "
		    "supported:\n\n"));
		(void) printf(gettext("VER  DESCRIPTION\n"));
		(void) printf("---  -----------------------------------------"
		    "---------------\n");
		(void) printf(gettext(" 1   Initial ZFS filesystem version\n"));
		(void) printf(gettext(" 2   Enhanced directory entries\n"));
		(void) printf(gettext(" 3   Case insensitive and filesystem "
		    "user identifier (FUID)\n"));
		(void) printf(gettext(" 4   userquota, groupquota "
		    "properties\n"));
		(void) printf(gettext(" 5   System attributes\n"));
		(void) printf(gettext("\nFor more information on a particular "
		    "version, including supported releases,\n"));
		(void) printf("see the ZFS Administration Guide.\n\n");
		ret = 0;
	} else if (argc || all) {
		/* Upgrade filesystems */
		if (cb.cb_version == 0)
			cb.cb_version = ZPL_VERSION;
		ret = zfs_for_each(argc, argv, flags, ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM,
		    NULL, NULL, 0, upgrade_set_callback, &cb);
		(void) printf(gettext("%llu filesystems upgraded\n"),
		    cb.cb_numupgraded);
		if (cb.cb_numsamegraded) {
			(void) printf(gettext("%llu filesystems already at "
			    "this version\n"),
			    cb.cb_numsamegraded);
		}
		if (cb.cb_numfailed != 0)
			ret = 1;
	} else {
		/* List old-version filesytems */
		boolean_t found;
		(void) printf(gettext("This system is currently running "
		    "ZFS filesystem version %llu.\n\n"), ZPL_VERSION);

		flags |= ZFS_ITER_RECURSE;
		ret = zfs_for_each(0, NULL, flags, ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM,
		    NULL, NULL, 0, upgrade_list_callback, &cb);

		found = cb.cb_foundone;
		cb.cb_foundone = B_FALSE;
		cb.cb_newer = B_TRUE;

		ret = zfs_for_each(0, NULL, flags, ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM,
		    NULL, NULL, 0, upgrade_list_callback, &cb);

		if (!cb.cb_foundone && !found) {
			(void) printf(gettext("All filesystems are "
			    "formatted with the current version.\n"));
		}
	}

	return (ret);
}

#define	USTYPE_USR_BIT (0)
#define	USTYPE_GRP_BIT (1)
#define	USTYPE_PSX_BIT (2)
#define	USTYPE_SMB_BIT (3)

#define	USTYPE_USR (1 << USTYPE_USR_BIT)
#define	USTYPE_GRP (1 << USTYPE_GRP_BIT)

#define	USTYPE_PSX (1 << USTYPE_PSX_BIT)
#define	USTYPE_SMB (1 << USTYPE_SMB_BIT)

#define	USTYPE_PSX_USR (USTYPE_PSX | USTYPE_USR)
#define	USTYPE_SMB_USR (USTYPE_SMB | USTYPE_USR)
#define	USTYPE_PSX_GRP (USTYPE_PSX | USTYPE_GRP)
#define	USTYPE_SMB_GRP (USTYPE_SMB | USTYPE_GRP)
#define	USTYPE_ALL (USTYPE_PSX_USR | USTYPE_SMB_USR \
		| USTYPE_PSX_GRP | USTYPE_SMB_GRP)


#define	USPROP_USED_BIT (0)
#define	USPROP_QUOTA_BIT (1)

#define	USPROP_USED (1 << USPROP_USED_BIT)
#define	USPROP_QUOTA (1 << USPROP_QUOTA_BIT)

typedef struct us_node {
	nvlist_t	*usn_nvl;
	uu_avl_node_t	usn_avlnode;
	uu_list_node_t	usn_listnode;
} us_node_t;

typedef struct us_cbdata {
	nvlist_t		**cb_nvlp;
	uu_avl_pool_t		*cb_avl_pool;
	uu_avl_t		*cb_avl;
	boolean_t		cb_numname;
	boolean_t		cb_nicenum;
	boolean_t		cb_sid2posix;
	zfs_userquota_prop_t	cb_prop;
	zfs_sort_column_t	*cb_sortcol;
	size_t			cb_max_typelen;
	size_t			cb_max_namelen;
	size_t			cb_max_usedlen;
	size_t			cb_max_quotalen;
} us_cbdata_t;

typedef struct {
	zfs_sort_column_t *si_sortcol;
	boolean_t si_num_name;
	boolean_t si_parsable;
} us_sort_info_t;

static int
us_compare(const void *larg, const void *rarg, void *unused)
{
	const us_node_t *l = larg;
	const us_node_t *r = rarg;
	int rc = 0;
	us_sort_info_t *si = (us_sort_info_t *)unused;
	zfs_sort_column_t *sortcol = si->si_sortcol;
	boolean_t num_name = si->si_num_name;
	nvlist_t *lnvl = l->usn_nvl;
	nvlist_t *rnvl = r->usn_nvl;

	for (; sortcol != NULL; sortcol = sortcol->sc_next) {
		char *lvstr = "";
		char *rvstr = "";
		uint32_t lv32 = 0;
		uint32_t rv32 = 0;
		uint64_t lv64 = 0;
		uint64_t rv64 = 0;
		zfs_prop_t prop = sortcol->sc_prop;
		const char *propname = NULL;
		boolean_t reverse = sortcol->sc_reverse;

		switch (prop) {
		case ZFS_PROP_TYPE:
			propname = "type";
			(void) nvlist_lookup_uint32(lnvl, propname, &lv32);
			(void) nvlist_lookup_uint32(rnvl, propname, &rv32);
			if (rv32 != lv32)
				rc = (rv32 > lv32) ? 1 : -1;
			break;
		case ZFS_PROP_NAME:
			propname = "name";
			if (num_name) {
				(void) nvlist_lookup_uint32(lnvl, propname,
				    &lv32);
				(void) nvlist_lookup_uint32(rnvl, propname,
				    &rv32);
				if (rv32 != lv32)
					rc = (rv32 > lv32) ? 1 : -1;
			} else {
				(void) nvlist_lookup_string(lnvl, propname,
				    &lvstr);
				(void) nvlist_lookup_string(rnvl, propname,
				    &rvstr);
				rc = strcmp(lvstr, rvstr);
			}
			break;

		case ZFS_PROP_USED:
		case ZFS_PROP_QUOTA:
			if (ZFS_PROP_USED == prop)
				propname = "used";
			else
				propname = "quota";
			(void) nvlist_lookup_uint64(lnvl, propname, &lv64);
			(void) nvlist_lookup_uint64(rnvl, propname, &rv64);
			if (rv64 != lv64)
				rc = (rv64 > lv64) ? 1 : -1;
		}

		if (rc)
			if (rc < 0)
				return (reverse ? 1 : -1);
			else
				return (reverse ? -1 : 1);
	}

	return (rc);
}

static inline const char *
us_type2str(unsigned field_type)
{
	switch (field_type) {
	case USTYPE_PSX_USR:
		return ("POSIX User");
	case USTYPE_PSX_GRP:
		return ("POSIX Group");
	case USTYPE_SMB_USR:
		return ("SMB User");
	case USTYPE_SMB_GRP:
		return ("SMB Group");
	default:
		return ("Undefined");
	}
}

/*
 * zfs userspace
 */
static int
userspace_cb(void *arg, const char *domain, uid_t rid, uint64_t space)
{
	us_cbdata_t *cb = (us_cbdata_t *)arg;
	zfs_userquota_prop_t prop = cb->cb_prop;
	char *name = NULL;
	char *propname;
	char namebuf[32];
	char sizebuf[32];
	us_node_t *node;
	uu_avl_pool_t *avl_pool = cb->cb_avl_pool;
	uu_avl_t *avl = cb->cb_avl;
	uu_avl_index_t idx;
	nvlist_t *props;
	us_node_t *n;
	zfs_sort_column_t *sortcol = cb->cb_sortcol;
	unsigned type;
	const char *typestr;
	size_t namelen;
	size_t typelen;
	size_t sizelen;
	us_sort_info_t sortinfo = { sortcol, cb->cb_numname };

	if (domain == NULL || domain[0] == '\0') {
		/* POSIX */
		if (prop == ZFS_PROP_GROUPUSED || prop == ZFS_PROP_GROUPQUOTA) {
			type = USTYPE_PSX_GRP;
			struct group *g = getgrgid(rid);
			if (g)
				name = g->gr_name;
		} else {
			type = USTYPE_PSX_USR;
			struct passwd *p = getpwuid(rid);
			if (p)
				name = p->pw_name;
		}
	} else {
		char sid[ZFS_MAXNAMELEN+32];
		uid_t id;
		uint64_t classes;
		int err = 0;
		directory_error_t e;

		(void) snprintf(sid, sizeof (sid), "%s-%u", domain, rid);
		/* SMB */
		if (prop == ZFS_PROP_GROUPUSED || prop == ZFS_PROP_GROUPQUOTA) {
			type = USTYPE_SMB_GRP;
			err = sid_to_id(sid, B_FALSE, &id);
		} else {
			type = USTYPE_SMB_USR;
			err = sid_to_id(sid, B_TRUE, &id);
		}

		if (err == 0) {
			rid = id;

			e = directory_name_from_sid(NULL, sid, &name, &classes);
			if (e != NULL) {
				directory_error_free(e);
				return (NULL);
			}

			if (name == NULL)
				name = sid;
		}
	}

/*
 *	if (prop == ZFS_PROP_GROUPUSED || prop == ZFS_PROP_GROUPQUOTA)
 *		ug = "group";
 *	else
 *		ug = "user";
 */

	if (prop == ZFS_PROP_USERUSED || prop == ZFS_PROP_GROUPUSED)
		propname = "used";
	else
		propname = "quota";

	(void) snprintf(namebuf, sizeof (namebuf), "%u", rid);
	if (name == NULL)
		name = namebuf;

	if (cb->cb_nicenum)
		zfs_nicenum(space, sizebuf, sizeof (sizebuf));
	else
		(void) sprintf(sizebuf, "%llu", space);

	node = safe_malloc(sizeof (us_node_t));
	uu_avl_node_init(node, &node->usn_avlnode, avl_pool);

	if (nvlist_alloc(&props, NV_UNIQUE_NAME, 0) != 0) {
		free(node);
		return (-1);
	}

	if (nvlist_add_uint32(props, "type", type) != 0)
		nomem();

	if (cb->cb_numname) {
		if (nvlist_add_uint32(props, "name", rid) != 0)
			nomem();
		namelen = strlen(namebuf);
	} else {
		if (nvlist_add_string(props, "name", name) != 0)
			nomem();
		namelen = strlen(name);
	}

	typestr = us_type2str(type);
	typelen = strlen(gettext(typestr));
	if (typelen > cb->cb_max_typelen)
		cb->cb_max_typelen  = typelen;

	if (namelen > cb->cb_max_namelen)
		cb->cb_max_namelen  = namelen;

	sizelen = strlen(sizebuf);
	if (0 == strcmp(propname, "used")) {
		if (sizelen > cb->cb_max_usedlen)
			cb->cb_max_usedlen  = sizelen;
	} else {
		if (sizelen > cb->cb_max_quotalen)
			cb->cb_max_quotalen  = sizelen;
	}

	node->usn_nvl = props;

	n = uu_avl_find(avl, node, &sortinfo, &idx);
	if (n == NULL)
		uu_avl_insert(avl, node, idx);
	else {
		nvlist_free(props);
		free(node);
		node = n;
		props = node->usn_nvl;
	}

	if (nvlist_add_uint64(props, propname, space) != 0)
		nomem();

	return (0);
}

static inline boolean_t
usprop_check(zfs_userquota_prop_t p, unsigned types, unsigned props)
{
	unsigned type;
	unsigned prop;

	switch (p) {
	case ZFS_PROP_USERUSED:
		type = USTYPE_USR;
		prop = USPROP_USED;
		break;
	case ZFS_PROP_USERQUOTA:
		type = USTYPE_USR;
		prop = USPROP_QUOTA;
		break;
	case ZFS_PROP_GROUPUSED:
		type = USTYPE_GRP;
		prop = USPROP_USED;
		break;
	case ZFS_PROP_GROUPQUOTA:
		type = USTYPE_GRP;
		prop = USPROP_QUOTA;
		break;
	default: /* ALL */
		return (B_TRUE);
	};

	return (type & types && prop & props);
}

#define	USFIELD_TYPE (1 << 0)
#define	USFIELD_NAME (1 << 1)
#define	USFIELD_USED (1 << 2)
#define	USFIELD_QUOTA (1 << 3)
#define	USFIELD_ALL (USFIELD_TYPE | USFIELD_NAME | USFIELD_USED | USFIELD_QUOTA)

static int
parsefields(unsigned *fieldsp, char **names, unsigned *bits, size_t len)
{
	char *field = optarg;
	char *delim;

	do {
		int i;
		boolean_t found = B_FALSE;
		delim = strchr(field, ',');
		if (delim != NULL)
			*delim = '\0';

		for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
			if (0 == strcmp(field, names[i])) {
				found = B_TRUE;
				*fieldsp |= bits[i];
				break;
			}

		if (!found) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid type '%s'"
			    "for -t option\n"), field);
			return (-1);
		}

		field = delim + 1;
	} while (delim);

	return (0);
}


static char *type_names[] = { "posixuser", "smbuser", "posixgroup", "smbgroup",
	"all" };
static unsigned type_bits[] = {
	USTYPE_PSX_USR,
	USTYPE_SMB_USR,
	USTYPE_PSX_GRP,
	USTYPE_SMB_GRP,
	USTYPE_ALL
};

static char *us_field_names[] = { "type", "name", "used", "quota" };
static unsigned us_field_bits[] = {
	USFIELD_TYPE,
	USFIELD_NAME,
	USFIELD_USED,
	USFIELD_QUOTA
};

static void
print_us_node(boolean_t scripted, boolean_t parseable, unsigned fields,
		size_t type_width, size_t name_width, size_t used_width,
		size_t quota_width, us_node_t *node)
{
	nvlist_t *nvl = node->usn_nvl;
	nvpair_t *nvp = NULL;
	char valstr[ZFS_MAXNAMELEN];
	boolean_t first = B_TRUE;
	boolean_t quota_found = B_FALSE;

	if (fields & USFIELD_QUOTA && !nvlist_exists(nvl, "quota"))
		if (nvlist_add_string(nvl, "quota", "none") != 0)
			nomem();

	while ((nvp = nvlist_next_nvpair(nvl, nvp)) != NULL) {
		char *pname = nvpair_name(nvp);
		data_type_t type = nvpair_type(nvp);
		uint32_t val32 = 0;
		uint64_t val64 = 0;
		char *strval = NULL;
		unsigned field = 0;
		unsigned width = 0;
		int i;
		for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
			if (0 == strcmp(pname, us_field_names[i])) {
				field = us_field_bits[i];
				break;
			}
		}

		if (!(field & fields))
			continue;

		switch (type) {
		case DATA_TYPE_UINT32:
			(void) nvpair_value_uint32(nvp, &val32);
			break;
		case DATA_TYPE_UINT64:
			(void) nvpair_value_uint64(nvp, &val64);
			break;
		case DATA_TYPE_STRING:
			(void) nvpair_value_string(nvp, &strval);
			break;
		default:
			(void) fprintf(stderr, "Invalid data type\n");
		}

		if (!first)
			if (scripted)
				(void) printf("\t");
			else
				(void) printf("  ");

		switch (field) {
		case USFIELD_TYPE:
			strval = (char *)us_type2str(val32);
			width = type_width;
			break;
		case USFIELD_NAME:
			if (type == DATA_TYPE_UINT64) {
				(void) sprintf(valstr, "%llu", val64);
				strval = valstr;
			}
			width = name_width;
			break;
		case USFIELD_USED:
		case USFIELD_QUOTA:
			if (type == DATA_TYPE_UINT64) {
				(void) nvpair_value_uint64(nvp, &val64);
				if (parseable)
					(void) sprintf(valstr, "%llu", val64);
				else
					zfs_nicenum(val64, valstr,
					    sizeof (valstr));
				strval = valstr;
			}

			if (field == USFIELD_USED)
				width = used_width;
			else {
				quota_found = B_FALSE;
				width = quota_width;
			}

			break;
		}

		if (field == USFIELD_QUOTA && !quota_found)
			(void) printf("%*s", width, strval);
		else {
			if (type == DATA_TYPE_STRING)
				(void) printf("%-*s", width, strval);
			else
				(void) printf("%*s", width, strval);
		}

		first = B_FALSE;

	}

	(void) printf("\n");
}

static void
print_us(boolean_t scripted, boolean_t parsable, unsigned fields,
		unsigned type_width, unsigned name_width, unsigned used_width,
		unsigned quota_width, boolean_t rmnode, uu_avl_t *avl)
{
	static char *us_field_hdr[] = { "TYPE", "NAME", "USED", "QUOTA" };
	us_node_t *node;
	const char *col;
	int i;
	size_t width[4] = { type_width, name_width, used_width, quota_width };

	if (!scripted) {
		boolean_t first = B_TRUE;
		for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
			unsigned field = us_field_bits[i];
			if (!(field & fields))
				continue;

			col = gettext(us_field_hdr[i]);
			if (field == USFIELD_TYPE || field == USFIELD_NAME)
				(void) printf(first?"%-*s":"  %-*s", width[i],
				    col);
			else
				(void) printf(first?"%*s":"  %*s", width[i],
				    col);
			first = B_FALSE;
		}
		(void) printf("\n");
	}

	for (node = uu_avl_first(avl); node != NULL;
	    node = uu_avl_next(avl, node)) {
		print_us_node(scripted, parsable, fields, type_width,
		    name_width, used_width, used_width, node);
		if (rmnode)
			nvlist_free(node->usn_nvl);
	}
}

static int
zfs_do_userspace(int argc, char **argv)
{
	zfs_handle_t *zhp;
	zfs_userquota_prop_t p;
	uu_avl_pool_t *avl_pool;
	uu_avl_t *avl_tree;
	uu_avl_walk_t *walk;

	char *cmd;
	boolean_t scripted = B_FALSE;
	boolean_t prtnum = B_FALSE;
	boolean_t parseable = B_FALSE;
	boolean_t sid2posix = B_FALSE;
	int error = 0;
	int c;
	zfs_sort_column_t *default_sortcol = NULL;
	zfs_sort_column_t *sortcol = NULL;
	unsigned types = USTYPE_PSX_USR | USTYPE_SMB_USR;
	unsigned fields = 0;
	unsigned props = USPROP_USED | USPROP_QUOTA;
	us_cbdata_t cb;
	us_node_t *node;
	boolean_t resort_avl = B_FALSE;

	if (argc < 2)
		usage(B_FALSE);

	cmd = argv[0];
	if (0 == strcmp(cmd, "groupspace"))
		/* toggle default group types */
		types = USTYPE_PSX_GRP | USTYPE_SMB_GRP;

	/* check options */
	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "nHpo:s:S:t:i")) != -1) {
		switch (c) {
		case 'n':
			prtnum = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'H':
			scripted = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'p':
			parseable = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'o':
			if (parsefields(&fields, us_field_names, us_field_bits,
			    4) != 0)
				return (1);
			break;
		case 's':
			if (zfs_add_sort_column(&sortcol, optarg,
			    B_FALSE) != 0) {
				(void) fprintf(stderr,
				    gettext("invalid property '%s'\n"), optarg);
				usage(B_FALSE);
			}
			break;
		case 'S':
			if (zfs_add_sort_column(&sortcol, optarg,
			    B_TRUE) != 0) {
				(void) fprintf(stderr,
				    gettext("invalid property '%s'\n"), optarg);
				usage(B_FALSE);
			}
			break;
		case 't':
			if (parsefields(&types, type_names, type_bits, 5))
				return (1);
			break;
		case 'i':
			sid2posix = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case ':':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing argument for "
			    "'%c' option\n"), optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
			break;
		case '?':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"),
			    optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}
	}

	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	/* ok, now we have sorted by default colums (type,name) avl tree */
	if (sortcol) {
		zfs_sort_column_t *sc;
		for (sc = sortcol; sc; sc = sc->sc_next) {
			if (sc->sc_prop == ZFS_PROP_QUOTA) {
				resort_avl = B_TRUE;
				break;
			}
		}
	}

	if (!fields)
		fields = USFIELD_ALL;

	if ((zhp = zfs_open(g_zfs, argv[argc-1], ZFS_TYPE_DATASET)) == NULL)
		return (1);

	if ((avl_pool = uu_avl_pool_create("us_avl_pool", sizeof (us_node_t),
	    offsetof(us_node_t, usn_avlnode),
	    us_compare, UU_DEFAULT)) == NULL)
		nomem();
	if ((avl_tree = uu_avl_create(avl_pool, NULL, UU_DEFAULT)) == NULL)
		nomem();

	if (sortcol && !resort_avl)
		cb.cb_sortcol = sortcol;
	else {
		(void) zfs_add_sort_column(&default_sortcol, "type", B_FALSE);
		(void) zfs_add_sort_column(&default_sortcol, "name", B_FALSE);
		cb.cb_sortcol = default_sortcol;
	}
	cb.cb_numname = prtnum;
	cb.cb_nicenum = !parseable;
	cb.cb_avl_pool = avl_pool;
	cb.cb_avl = avl_tree;
	cb.cb_sid2posix = sid2posix;
	cb.cb_max_typelen = strlen(gettext("TYPE"));
	cb.cb_max_namelen = strlen(gettext("NAME"));
	cb.cb_max_usedlen = strlen(gettext("USED"));
	cb.cb_max_quotalen = strlen(gettext("QUOTA"));

	for (p = 0; p < ZFS_NUM_USERQUOTA_PROPS; p++) {
		if (!usprop_check(p, types, props))
			continue;

		cb.cb_prop = p;
		error = zfs_userspace(zhp, p, userspace_cb, &cb);
		if (error)
			break;
	}


	if (resort_avl) {
		us_node_t *node;
		us_node_t *rmnode;
		uu_list_pool_t *listpool;
		uu_list_t *list;
		uu_avl_index_t idx = 0;
		uu_list_index_t idx2 = 0;
		listpool = uu_list_pool_create("tmplist", sizeof (us_node_t),
		    offsetof(us_node_t, usn_listnode), NULL,
		    UU_DEFAULT);
		list = uu_list_create(listpool, NULL, UU_DEFAULT);

		node = uu_avl_first(avl_tree);
		uu_list_node_init(node, &node->usn_listnode, listpool);
		while (node != NULL) {
			rmnode = node;
			node = uu_avl_next(avl_tree, node);
			uu_avl_remove(avl_tree, rmnode);
			if (uu_list_find(list, rmnode, NULL, &idx2) == NULL) {
				uu_list_insert(list, rmnode, idx2);
			}
		}

		for (node = uu_list_first(list); node != NULL;
		    node = uu_list_next(list, node)) {
			us_sort_info_t sortinfo = { sortcol, cb.cb_numname };
			if (uu_avl_find(avl_tree, node, &sortinfo, &idx) ==
			    NULL)
			uu_avl_insert(avl_tree, node, idx);
		}

		uu_list_destroy(list);
	}

	/* print & free node`s nvlist memory */
	print_us(scripted, parseable, fields, cb.cb_max_typelen,
	    cb.cb_max_namelen, cb.cb_max_usedlen,
	    cb.cb_max_quotalen, B_TRUE, cb.cb_avl);

	if (sortcol)
		zfs_free_sort_columns(sortcol);
	zfs_free_sort_columns(default_sortcol);

	/*
	 * Finally, clean up the AVL tree.
	 */
	if ((walk = uu_avl_walk_start(cb.cb_avl, UU_WALK_ROBUST)) == NULL)
		nomem();

	while ((node = uu_avl_walk_next(walk)) != NULL) {
		uu_avl_remove(cb.cb_avl, node);
		free(node);
	}

	uu_avl_walk_end(walk);
	uu_avl_destroy(avl_tree);
	uu_avl_pool_destroy(avl_pool);

	return (error);
}

/*
 * list [-r][-d max] [-H] [-o property[,property]...] [-t type[,type]...]
 *      [-s property [-s property]...] [-S property [-S property]...]
 *      <dataset> ...
 *
 *	-r	Recurse over all children
 *	-d	Limit recursion by depth.
 *	-H	Scripted mode; elide headers and separate columns by tabs
 *	-o	Control which fields to display.
 *	-t	Control which object types to display.
 *	-s	Specify sort columns, descending order.
 *	-S	Specify sort columns, ascending order.
 *
 * When given no arguments, lists all filesystems in the system.
 * Otherwise, list the specified datasets, optionally recursing down them if
 * '-r' is specified.
 */
typedef struct list_cbdata {
	boolean_t	cb_first;
	boolean_t	cb_scripted;
	zprop_list_t	*cb_proplist;
} list_cbdata_t;

/*
 * Given a list of columns to display, output appropriate headers for each one.
 */
static void
print_header(zprop_list_t *pl)
{
	char headerbuf[ZFS_MAXPROPLEN];
	const char *header;
	int i;
	boolean_t first = B_TRUE;
	boolean_t right_justify;

	for (; pl != NULL; pl = pl->pl_next) {
		if (!first) {
			(void) printf("  ");
		} else {
			first = B_FALSE;
		}

		right_justify = B_FALSE;
		if (pl->pl_prop != ZPROP_INVAL) {
			header = zfs_prop_column_name(pl->pl_prop);
			right_justify = zfs_prop_align_right(pl->pl_prop);
		} else {
			for (i = 0; pl->pl_user_prop[i] != '\0'; i++)
				headerbuf[i] = toupper(pl->pl_user_prop[i]);
			headerbuf[i] = '\0';
			header = headerbuf;
		}

		if (pl->pl_next == NULL && !right_justify)
			(void) printf("%s", header);
		else if (right_justify)
			(void) printf("%*s", pl->pl_width, header);
		else
			(void) printf("%-*s", pl->pl_width, header);
	}

	(void) printf("\n");
}

/*
 * Given a dataset and a list of fields, print out all the properties according
 * to the described layout.
 */
static void
print_dataset(zfs_handle_t *zhp, zprop_list_t *pl, boolean_t scripted)
{
	boolean_t first = B_TRUE;
	char property[ZFS_MAXPROPLEN];
	nvlist_t *userprops = zfs_get_user_props(zhp);
	nvlist_t *propval;
	char *propstr;
	boolean_t right_justify;
	int width;

	for (; pl != NULL; pl = pl->pl_next) {
		if (!first) {
			if (scripted)
				(void) printf("\t");
			else
				(void) printf("  ");
		} else {
			first = B_FALSE;
		}

		if (pl->pl_prop != ZPROP_INVAL) {
			if (zfs_prop_get(zhp, pl->pl_prop, property,
			    sizeof (property), NULL, NULL, 0, B_FALSE) != 0)
				propstr = "-";
			else
				propstr = property;

			right_justify = zfs_prop_align_right(pl->pl_prop);
		} else if (zfs_prop_userquota(pl->pl_user_prop)) {
			if (zfs_prop_get_userquota(zhp, pl->pl_user_prop,
			    property, sizeof (property), B_FALSE) != 0)
				propstr = "-";
			else
				propstr = property;
			right_justify = B_TRUE;
		} else if (zfs_prop_written(pl->pl_user_prop)) {
			if (zfs_prop_get_written(zhp, pl->pl_user_prop,
			    property, sizeof (property), B_FALSE) != 0)
				propstr = "-";
			else
				propstr = property;
			right_justify = B_TRUE;
		} else {
			if (nvlist_lookup_nvlist(userprops,
			    pl->pl_user_prop, &propval) != 0)
				propstr = "-";
			else
				verify(nvlist_lookup_string(propval,
				    ZPROP_VALUE, &propstr) == 0);
			right_justify = B_FALSE;
		}

		width = pl->pl_width;

		/*
		 * If this is being called in scripted mode, or if this is the
		 * last column and it is left-justified, don't include a width
		 * format specifier.
		 */
		if (scripted || (pl->pl_next == NULL && !right_justify))
			(void) printf("%s", propstr);
		else if (right_justify)
			(void) printf("%*s", width, propstr);
		else
			(void) printf("%-*s", width, propstr);
	}

	(void) printf("\n");
}

/*
 * Generic callback function to list a dataset or snapshot.
 */
static int
list_callback(zfs_handle_t *zhp, void *data)
{
	list_cbdata_t *cbp = data;

	if (cbp->cb_first) {
		if (!cbp->cb_scripted)
			print_header(cbp->cb_proplist);
		cbp->cb_first = B_FALSE;
	}

	print_dataset(zhp, cbp->cb_proplist, cbp->cb_scripted);

	return (0);
}

static int
zfs_do_list(int argc, char **argv)
{
	int c;
	boolean_t scripted = B_FALSE;
	static char default_fields[] =
	    "name,used,available,referenced,mountpoint";
	int types = ZFS_TYPE_DATASET;
	boolean_t types_specified = B_FALSE;
	char *fields = NULL;
	list_cbdata_t cb = { 0 };
	char *value;
	int limit = 0;
	int ret = 0;
	zfs_sort_column_t *sortcol = NULL;
	int flags = ZFS_ITER_PROP_LISTSNAPS | ZFS_ITER_ARGS_CAN_BE_PATHS;

	/* check options */
	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, ":d:o:rt:Hs:S:")) != -1) {
		switch (c) {
		case 'o':
			fields = optarg;
			break;
		case 'd':
			limit = parse_depth(optarg, &flags);
			break;
		case 'r':
			flags |= ZFS_ITER_RECURSE;
			break;
		case 'H':
			scripted = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 's':
			if (zfs_add_sort_column(&sortcol, optarg,
			    B_FALSE) != 0) {
				(void) fprintf(stderr,
				    gettext("invalid property '%s'\n"), optarg);
				usage(B_FALSE);
			}
			break;
		case 'S':
			if (zfs_add_sort_column(&sortcol, optarg,
			    B_TRUE) != 0) {
				(void) fprintf(stderr,
				    gettext("invalid property '%s'\n"), optarg);
				usage(B_FALSE);
			}
			break;
		case 't':
			types = 0;
			types_specified = B_TRUE;
			flags &= ~ZFS_ITER_PROP_LISTSNAPS;
			while (*optarg != '\0') {
				static char *type_subopts[] = { "filesystem",
				    "volume", "snapshot", "all", NULL };

				switch (getsubopt(&optarg, type_subopts,
				    &value)) {
				case 0:
					types |= ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM;
					break;
				case 1:
					types |= ZFS_TYPE_VOLUME;
					break;
				case 2:
					types |= ZFS_TYPE_SNAPSHOT;
					break;
				case 3:
					types = ZFS_TYPE_DATASET;
					break;

				default:
					(void) fprintf(stderr,
					    gettext("invalid type '%s'\n"),
					    value);
					usage(B_FALSE);
				}
			}
			break;
		case ':':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing argument for "
			    "'%c' option\n"), optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
			break;
		case '?':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"),
			    optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}
	}

	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	if (fields == NULL)
		fields = default_fields;

	/*
	 * If "-o space" and no types were specified, don't display snapshots.
	 */
	if (strcmp(fields, "space") == 0 && types_specified == B_FALSE)
		types &= ~ZFS_TYPE_SNAPSHOT;

	/*
	 * If the user specifies '-o all', the zprop_get_list() doesn't
	 * normally include the name of the dataset.  For 'zfs list', we always
	 * want this property to be first.
	 */
	if (zprop_get_list(g_zfs, fields, &cb.cb_proplist, ZFS_TYPE_DATASET)
	    != 0)
		usage(B_FALSE);

	cb.cb_scripted = scripted;
	cb.cb_first = B_TRUE;

	ret = zfs_for_each(argc, argv, flags, types, sortcol, &cb.cb_proplist,
	    limit, list_callback, &cb);

	zprop_free_list(cb.cb_proplist);
	zfs_free_sort_columns(sortcol);

	if (ret == 0 && cb.cb_first && !cb.cb_scripted)
		(void) printf(gettext("no datasets available\n"));

	return (ret);
}

/*
 * zfs rename [-f] <fs | snap | vol> <fs | snap | vol>
 * zfs rename [-f] -p <fs | vol> <fs | vol>
 * zfs rename -r <snap> <snap>
 *
 * Renames the given dataset to another of the same type.
 *
 * The '-p' flag creates all the non-existing ancestors of the target first.
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
static int
zfs_do_rename(int argc, char **argv)
{
	zfs_handle_t *zhp;
	int c;
	int ret = 0;
	boolean_t recurse = B_FALSE;
	boolean_t parents = B_FALSE;
	boolean_t force_unmount = B_FALSE;

	/* check options */
	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "prf")) != -1) {
		switch (c) {
		case 'p':
			parents = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'r':
			recurse = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'f':
			force_unmount = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case '?':
		default:
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"),
			    optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}
	}

	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	/* check number of arguments */
	if (argc < 1) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing source dataset "
		    "argument\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}
	if (argc < 2) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing target dataset "
		    "argument\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}
	if (argc > 2) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("too many arguments\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}

	if (recurse && parents) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("-p and -r options are mutually "
		    "exclusive\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}

	if (recurse && strchr(argv[0], '@') == 0) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("source dataset for recursive "
		    "rename must be a snapshot\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}

	if ((zhp = zfs_open(g_zfs, argv[0], parents ? ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM |
	    ZFS_TYPE_VOLUME : ZFS_TYPE_DATASET)) == NULL)
		return (1);

	/* If we were asked and the name looks good, try to create ancestors. */
	if (parents && zfs_name_valid(argv[1], zfs_get_type(zhp)) &&
	    zfs_create_ancestors(g_zfs, argv[1]) != 0) {
		zfs_close(zhp);
		return (1);
	}

	ret = (zfs_rename(zhp, argv[1], recurse, force_unmount) != 0);

	zfs_close(zhp);
	return (ret);
}

/*
 * zfs promote <fs>
 *
 * Promotes the given clone fs to be the parent
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
static int
zfs_do_promote(int argc, char **argv)
{
	zfs_handle_t *zhp;
	int ret = 0;

	/* check options */
	if (argc > 1 && argv[1][0] == '-') {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"),
		    argv[1][1]);
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}

	/* check number of arguments */
	if (argc < 2) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing clone filesystem"
		    " argument\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}
	if (argc > 2) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("too many arguments\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}

	zhp = zfs_open(g_zfs, argv[1], ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM | ZFS_TYPE_VOLUME);
	if (zhp == NULL)
		return (1);

	ret = (zfs_promote(zhp) != 0);


	zfs_close(zhp);
	return (ret);
}

/*
 * zfs rollback [-rRf] <snapshot>
 *
 *	-r	Delete any intervening snapshots before doing rollback
 *	-R	Delete any snapshots and their clones
 *	-f	ignored for backwards compatability
 *
 * Given a filesystem, rollback to a specific snapshot, discarding any changes
 * since then and making it the active dataset.  If more recent snapshots exist,
 * the command will complain unless the '-r' flag is given.
 */
typedef struct rollback_cbdata {
	uint64_t	cb_create;
	boolean_t	cb_first;
	int		cb_doclones;
	char		*cb_target;
	int		cb_error;
	boolean_t	cb_recurse;
	boolean_t	cb_dependent;
} rollback_cbdata_t;

/*
 * Report any snapshots more recent than the one specified.  Used when '-r' is
 * not specified.  We reuse this same callback for the snapshot dependents - if
 * 'cb_dependent' is set, then this is a dependent and we should report it
 * without checking the transaction group.
 */
static int
rollback_check(zfs_handle_t *zhp, void *data)
{
	rollback_cbdata_t *cbp = data;

	if (cbp->cb_doclones) {
		zfs_close(zhp);
		return (0);
	}

	if (!cbp->cb_dependent) {
		if (strcmp(zfs_get_name(zhp), cbp->cb_target) != 0 &&
		    zfs_get_type(zhp) == ZFS_TYPE_SNAPSHOT &&
		    zfs_prop_get_int(zhp, ZFS_PROP_CREATETXG) >
		    cbp->cb_create) {

			if (cbp->cb_first && !cbp->cb_recurse) {
				(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot "
				    "rollback to '%s': more recent snapshots "
				    "exist\n"),
				    cbp->cb_target);
				(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("use '-r' to "
				    "force deletion of the following "
				    "snapshots:\n"));
				cbp->cb_first = 0;
				cbp->cb_error = 1;
			}

			if (cbp->cb_recurse) {
				cbp->cb_dependent = B_TRUE;
				if (zfs_iter_dependents(zhp, B_TRUE,
				    rollback_check, cbp) != 0) {
					zfs_close(zhp);
					return (-1);
				}
				cbp->cb_dependent = B_FALSE;
			} else {
				(void) fprintf(stderr, "%s\n",
				    zfs_get_name(zhp));
			}
		}
	} else {
		if (cbp->cb_first && cbp->cb_recurse) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot rollback to "
			    "'%s': clones of previous snapshots exist\n"),
			    cbp->cb_target);
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("use '-R' to "
			    "force deletion of the following clones and "
			    "dependents:\n"));
			cbp->cb_first = 0;
			cbp->cb_error = 1;
		}

		(void) fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", zfs_get_name(zhp));
	}

	zfs_close(zhp);
	return (0);
}

static int
zfs_do_rollback(int argc, char **argv)
{
	int ret = 0;
	int c;
	boolean_t force = B_FALSE;
	rollback_cbdata_t cb = { 0 };
	zfs_handle_t *zhp, *snap;
	char parentname[ZFS_MAXNAMELEN];
	char *delim;

	/* check options */
	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "rRf")) != -1) {
		switch (c) {
		case 'r':
			cb.cb_recurse = 1;
			break;
		case 'R':
			cb.cb_recurse = 1;
			cb.cb_doclones = 1;
			break;
		case 'f':
			force = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case '?':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"),
			    optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}
	}

	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	/* check number of arguments */
	if (argc < 1) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing dataset argument\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}
	if (argc > 1) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("too many arguments\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}

	/* open the snapshot */
	if ((snap = zfs_open(g_zfs, argv[0], ZFS_TYPE_SNAPSHOT)) == NULL)
		return (1);

	/* open the parent dataset */
	(void) strlcpy(parentname, argv[0], sizeof (parentname));
	verify((delim = strrchr(parentname, '@')) != NULL);
	*delim = '\0';
	if ((zhp = zfs_open(g_zfs, parentname, ZFS_TYPE_DATASET)) == NULL) {
		zfs_close(snap);
		return (1);
	}

	/*
	 * Check for more recent snapshots and/or clones based on the presence
	 * of '-r' and '-R'.
	 */
	cb.cb_target = argv[0];
	cb.cb_create = zfs_prop_get_int(snap, ZFS_PROP_CREATETXG);
	cb.cb_first = B_TRUE;
	cb.cb_error = 0;
	if ((ret = zfs_iter_children(zhp, rollback_check, &cb)) != 0)
		goto out;

	if ((ret = cb.cb_error) != 0)
		goto out;

	/*
	 * Rollback parent to the given snapshot.
	 */
	ret = zfs_rollback(zhp, snap, force);

out:
	zfs_close(snap);
	zfs_close(zhp);

	if (ret == 0)
		return (0);
	else
		return (1);
}

/*
 * zfs set property=value { fs | snap | vol } ...
 *
 * Sets the given property for all datasets specified on the command line.
 */
typedef struct set_cbdata {
	char		*cb_propname;
	char		*cb_value;
} set_cbdata_t;

static int
set_callback(zfs_handle_t *zhp, void *data)
{
	set_cbdata_t *cbp = data;

	if (zfs_prop_set(zhp, cbp->cb_propname, cbp->cb_value) != 0) {
		switch (libzfs_errno(g_zfs)) {
		case EZFS_MOUNTFAILED:
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("property may be set "
			    "but unable to remount filesystem\n"));
			break;
		case EZFS_SHARENFSFAILED:
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("property may be set "
			    "but unable to reshare filesystem\n"));
			break;
		}
		return (1);
	}
	return (0);
}

static int
zfs_do_set(int argc, char **argv)
{
	set_cbdata_t cb;
	int ret = 0;

	/* check for options */
	if (argc > 1 && argv[1][0] == '-') {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"),
		    argv[1][1]);
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}

	/* check number of arguments */
	if (argc < 2) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing property=value "
		    "argument\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}
	if (argc < 3) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing dataset name\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}

	/* validate property=value argument */
	cb.cb_propname = argv[1];
	if (((cb.cb_value = strchr(cb.cb_propname, '=')) == NULL) ||
	    (cb.cb_value[1] == '\0')) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing value in "
		    "property=value argument\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}

	*cb.cb_value = '\0';
	cb.cb_value++;

	if (*cb.cb_propname == '\0') {
		(void) fprintf(stderr,
		    gettext("missing property in property=value argument\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}

	ret = zfs_for_each(argc - 2, argv + 2, NULL,
	    ZFS_TYPE_DATASET, NULL, NULL, 0, set_callback, &cb);

	return (ret);
}

/*
 * zfs snapshot [-r] [-o prop=value] ... <[email protected]>
 *
 * Creates a snapshot with the given name.  While functionally equivalent to
 * 'zfs create', it is a separate command to differentiate intent.
 */
static int
zfs_do_snapshot(int argc, char **argv)
{
	boolean_t recursive = B_FALSE;
	int ret = 0;
	char c;
	nvlist_t *props;

	if (nvlist_alloc(&props, NV_UNIQUE_NAME, 0) != 0)
		nomem();

	/* check options */
	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "ro:")) != -1) {
		switch (c) {
		case 'o':
			if (parseprop(props))
				return (1);
			break;
		case 'r':
			recursive = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case '?':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"),
			    optopt);
			goto usage;
		}
	}

	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	/* check number of arguments */
	if (argc < 1) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing snapshot argument\n"));
		goto usage;
	}
	if (argc > 1) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("too many arguments\n"));
		goto usage;
	}

	ret = zfs_snapshot(g_zfs, argv[0], recursive, props);
	nvlist_free(props);
	if (ret && recursive)
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("no snapshots were created\n"));
	return (ret != 0);

usage:
	nvlist_free(props);
	usage(B_FALSE);
	return (-1);
}

/*
 * Send a backup stream to stdout.
 */
static int
zfs_do_send(int argc, char **argv)
{
	char *fromname = NULL;
	char *toname = NULL;
	char *cp;
	zfs_handle_t *zhp;
	sendflags_t flags = { 0 };
	int c, err;
	nvlist_t *dbgnv = NULL;
	boolean_t extraverbose = B_FALSE;

	/* check options */
	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, ":i:I:RDpvnP")) != -1) {
		switch (c) {
		case 'i':
			if (fromname)
				usage(B_FALSE);
			fromname = optarg;
			break;
		case 'I':
			if (fromname)
				usage(B_FALSE);
			fromname = optarg;
			flags.doall = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'R':
			flags.replicate = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'p':
			flags.props = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'P':
			flags.parsable = B_TRUE;
			flags.verbose = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'v':
			if (flags.verbose)
				extraverbose = B_TRUE;
			flags.verbose = B_TRUE;
			flags.progress = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'D':
			flags.dedup = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'n':
			flags.dryrun = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case ':':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing argument for "
			    "'%c' option\n"), optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
			break;
		case '?':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"),
			    optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}
	}

	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	/* check number of arguments */
	if (argc < 1) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing snapshot argument\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}
	if (argc > 1) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("too many arguments\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}

	if (!flags.dryrun && isatty(STDOUT_FILENO)) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr,
		    gettext("Error: Stream can not be written to a terminal.\n"
		    "You must redirect standard output.\n"));
		return (1);
	}

	cp = strchr(argv[0], '@');
	if (cp == NULL) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr,
		    gettext("argument must be a snapshot\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}
	*cp = '\0';
	toname = cp + 1;
	zhp = zfs_open(g_zfs, argv[0], ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM | ZFS_TYPE_VOLUME);
	if (zhp == NULL)
		return (1);

	/*
	 * If they specified the full path to the snapshot, chop off
	 * everything except the short name of the snapshot, but special
	 * case if they specify the origin.
	 */
	if (fromname && (cp = strchr(fromname, '@')) != NULL) {
		char origin[ZFS_MAXNAMELEN];
		zprop_source_t src;

		(void) zfs_prop_get(zhp, ZFS_PROP_ORIGIN,
		    origin, sizeof (origin), &src, NULL, 0, B_FALSE);

		if (strcmp(origin, fromname) == 0) {
			fromname = NULL;
			flags.fromorigin = B_TRUE;
		} else {
			*cp = '\0';
			if (cp != fromname && strcmp(argv[0], fromname)) {
				(void) fprintf(stderr,
				    gettext("incremental source must be "
				    "in same filesystem\n"));
				usage(B_FALSE);
			}
			fromname = cp + 1;
			if (strchr(fromname, '@') || strchr(fromname, '/')) {
				(void) fprintf(stderr,
				    gettext("invalid incremental source\n"));
				usage(B_FALSE);
			}
		}
	}

	if (flags.replicate && fromname == NULL)
		flags.doall = B_TRUE;

	err = zfs_send(zhp, fromname, toname, &flags, STDOUT_FILENO, NULL, 0,
	    extraverbose ? &dbgnv : NULL);

	if (extraverbose && dbgnv != NULL) {
		/*
		 * dump_nvlist prints to stdout, but that's been
		 * redirected to a file.  Make it print to stderr
		 * instead.
		 */
		(void) dup2(STDERR_FILENO, STDOUT_FILENO);
		dump_nvlist(dbgnv, 0);
		nvlist_free(dbgnv);
	}
	zfs_close(zhp);

	return (err != 0);
}

/*
 * zfs receive [-vnFu] [-d | -e] <[email protected]>
 *
 * Restore a backup stream from stdin.
 */
static int
zfs_do_receive(int argc, char **argv)
{
	int c, err;
	recvflags_t flags = { 0 };

	/* check options */
	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, ":denuvF")) != -1) {
		switch (c) {
		case 'd':
			flags.isprefix = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'e':
			flags.isprefix = B_TRUE;
			flags.istail = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'n':
			flags.dryrun = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'u':
			flags.nomount = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'v':
			flags.verbose = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'F':
			flags.force = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case ':':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing argument for "
			    "'%c' option\n"), optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
			break;
		case '?':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"),
			    optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}
	}

	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	/* check number of arguments */
	if (argc < 1) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing snapshot argument\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}
	if (argc > 1) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("too many arguments\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}

	if (isatty(STDIN_FILENO)) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr,
		    gettext("Error: Backup stream can not be read "
		    "from a terminal.\n"
		    "You must redirect standard input.\n"));
		return (1);
	}

	err = zfs_receive(g_zfs, argv[0], &flags, STDIN_FILENO, NULL);

	return (err != 0);
}

/*
 * allow/unallow stuff
 */
/* copied from zfs/sys/dsl_deleg.h */
#define	ZFS_DELEG_PERM_CREATE		"create"
#define	ZFS_DELEG_PERM_DESTROY		"destroy"
#define	ZFS_DELEG_PERM_SNAPSHOT		"snapshot"
#define	ZFS_DELEG_PERM_ROLLBACK		"rollback"
#define	ZFS_DELEG_PERM_CLONE		"clone"
#define	ZFS_DELEG_PERM_PROMOTE		"promote"
#define	ZFS_DELEG_PERM_RENAME		"rename"
#define	ZFS_DELEG_PERM_MOUNT		"mount"
#define	ZFS_DELEG_PERM_SHARE		"share"
#define	ZFS_DELEG_PERM_SEND		"send"
#define	ZFS_DELEG_PERM_RECEIVE		"receive"
#define	ZFS_DELEG_PERM_ALLOW		"allow"
#define	ZFS_DELEG_PERM_USERPROP		"userprop"
#define	ZFS_DELEG_PERM_VSCAN		"vscan" /* ??? */
#define	ZFS_DELEG_PERM_USERQUOTA	"userquota"
#define	ZFS_DELEG_PERM_GROUPQUOTA	"groupquota"
#define	ZFS_DELEG_PERM_USERUSED		"userused"
#define	ZFS_DELEG_PERM_GROUPUSED	"groupused"
#define	ZFS_DELEG_PERM_HOLD		"hold"
#define	ZFS_DELEG_PERM_RELEASE		"release"
#define	ZFS_DELEG_PERM_DIFF		"diff"

#define	ZFS_NUM_DELEG_NOTES ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_NONE

static zfs_deleg_perm_tab_t zfs_deleg_perm_tbl[] = {
	{ ZFS_DELEG_PERM_ALLOW, ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_ALLOW },
	{ ZFS_DELEG_PERM_CLONE, ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_CLONE },
	{ ZFS_DELEG_PERM_CREATE, ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_CREATE },
	{ ZFS_DELEG_PERM_DESTROY, ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_DESTROY },
	{ ZFS_DELEG_PERM_DIFF, ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_DIFF},
	{ ZFS_DELEG_PERM_HOLD, ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_HOLD },
	{ ZFS_DELEG_PERM_MOUNT, ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_MOUNT },
	{ ZFS_DELEG_PERM_PROMOTE, ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_PROMOTE },
	{ ZFS_DELEG_PERM_RECEIVE, ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_RECEIVE },
	{ ZFS_DELEG_PERM_RELEASE, ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_RELEASE },
	{ ZFS_DELEG_PERM_RENAME, ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_RENAME },
	{ ZFS_DELEG_PERM_ROLLBACK, ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_ROLLBACK },
	{ ZFS_DELEG_PERM_SEND, ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_SEND },
	{ ZFS_DELEG_PERM_SHARE, ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_SHARE },
	{ ZFS_DELEG_PERM_SNAPSHOT, ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_SNAPSHOT },

	{ ZFS_DELEG_PERM_GROUPQUOTA, ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_GROUPQUOTA },
	{ ZFS_DELEG_PERM_GROUPUSED, ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_GROUPUSED },
	{ ZFS_DELEG_PERM_USERPROP, ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_USERPROP },
	{ ZFS_DELEG_PERM_USERQUOTA, ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_USERQUOTA },
	{ ZFS_DELEG_PERM_USERUSED, ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_USERUSED },
	{ NULL, ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_NONE }
};

/* permission structure */
typedef struct deleg_perm {
	zfs_deleg_who_type_t	dp_who_type;
	const char		*dp_name;
	boolean_t		dp_local;
	boolean_t		dp_descend;
} deleg_perm_t;

/* */
typedef struct deleg_perm_node {
	deleg_perm_t		dpn_perm;

	uu_avl_node_t		dpn_avl_node;
} deleg_perm_node_t;

typedef struct fs_perm fs_perm_t;

/* permissions set */
typedef struct who_perm {
	zfs_deleg_who_type_t	who_type;
	const char		*who_name;		/* id */
	char			who_ug_name[256];	/* user/group name */
	fs_perm_t		*who_fsperm;		/* uplink */

	uu_avl_t		*who_deleg_perm_avl;	/* permissions */
} who_perm_t;

/* */
typedef struct who_perm_node {
	who_perm_t	who_perm;
	uu_avl_node_t	who_avl_node;
} who_perm_node_t;

typedef struct fs_perm_set fs_perm_set_t;
/* fs permissions */
struct fs_perm {
	const char		*fsp_name;

	uu_avl_t		*fsp_sc_avl;	/* sets,create */
	uu_avl_t		*fsp_uge_avl;	/* user,group,everyone */

	fs_perm_set_t		*fsp_set;	/* uplink */
};

/* */
typedef struct fs_perm_node {
	fs_perm_t	fspn_fsperm;
	uu_avl_t	*fspn_avl;

	uu_list_node_t	fspn_list_node;
} fs_perm_node_t;

/* top level structure */
struct fs_perm_set {
	uu_list_pool_t	*fsps_list_pool;
	uu_list_t	*fsps_list; /* list of fs_perms */

	uu_avl_pool_t	*fsps_named_set_avl_pool;
	uu_avl_pool_t	*fsps_who_perm_avl_pool;
	uu_avl_pool_t	*fsps_deleg_perm_avl_pool;
};

static inline const char *
deleg_perm_type(zfs_deleg_note_t note)
{
	/* subcommands */
	switch (note) {
		/* SUBCOMMANDS */
		/* OTHER */
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_GROUPQUOTA:
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_GROUPUSED:
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_USERPROP:
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_USERQUOTA:
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_USERUSED:
		/* other */
		return (gettext("other"));
	default:
		return (gettext("subcommand"));
	}
}

static int inline
who_type2weight(zfs_deleg_who_type_t who_type)
{
	int res;
	switch (who_type) {
		case ZFS_DELEG_NAMED_SET_SETS:
		case ZFS_DELEG_NAMED_SET:
			res = 0;
			break;
		case ZFS_DELEG_CREATE_SETS:
		case ZFS_DELEG_CREATE:
			res = 1;
			break;
		case ZFS_DELEG_USER_SETS:
		case ZFS_DELEG_USER:
			res = 2;
			break;
		case ZFS_DELEG_GROUP_SETS:
		case ZFS_DELEG_GROUP:
			res = 3;
			break;
		case ZFS_DELEG_EVERYONE_SETS:
		case ZFS_DELEG_EVERYONE:
			res = 4;
			break;
		default:
			res = -1;
	}

	return (res);
}

/* ARGSUSED */
static int
who_perm_compare(const void *larg, const void *rarg, void *unused)
{
	const who_perm_node_t *l = larg;
	const who_perm_node_t *r = rarg;
	zfs_deleg_who_type_t ltype = l->who_perm.who_type;
	zfs_deleg_who_type_t rtype = r->who_perm.who_type;
	int lweight = who_type2weight(ltype);
	int rweight = who_type2weight(rtype);
	int res = lweight - rweight;
	if (res == 0)
		res = strncmp(l->who_perm.who_name, r->who_perm.who_name,
		    ZFS_MAX_DELEG_NAME-1);

	if (res == 0)
		return (0);
	if (res > 0)
		return (1);
	else
		return (-1);
}

/* ARGSUSED */
static int
deleg_perm_compare(const void *larg, const void *rarg, void *unused)
{
	const deleg_perm_node_t *l = larg;
	const deleg_perm_node_t *r = rarg;
	int res =  strncmp(l->dpn_perm.dp_name, r->dpn_perm.dp_name,
	    ZFS_MAX_DELEG_NAME-1);

	if (res == 0)
		return (0);

	if (res > 0)
		return (1);
	else
		return (-1);
}

static inline void
fs_perm_set_init(fs_perm_set_t *fspset)
{
	bzero(fspset, sizeof (fs_perm_set_t));

	if ((fspset->fsps_list_pool = uu_list_pool_create("fsps_list_pool",
	    sizeof (fs_perm_node_t), offsetof(fs_perm_node_t, fspn_list_node),
	    NULL, UU_DEFAULT)) == NULL)
		nomem();
	if ((fspset->fsps_list = uu_list_create(fspset->fsps_list_pool, NULL,
	    UU_DEFAULT)) == NULL)
		nomem();

	if ((fspset->fsps_named_set_avl_pool = uu_avl_pool_create(
	    "named_set_avl_pool", sizeof (who_perm_node_t), offsetof(
	    who_perm_node_t, who_avl_node), who_perm_compare,
	    UU_DEFAULT)) == NULL)
		nomem();

	if ((fspset->fsps_who_perm_avl_pool = uu_avl_pool_create(
	    "who_perm_avl_pool", sizeof (who_perm_node_t), offsetof(
	    who_perm_node_t, who_avl_node), who_perm_compare,
	    UU_DEFAULT)) == NULL)
		nomem();

	if ((fspset->fsps_deleg_perm_avl_pool = uu_avl_pool_create(
	    "deleg_perm_avl_pool", sizeof (deleg_perm_node_t), offsetof(
	    deleg_perm_node_t, dpn_avl_node), deleg_perm_compare, UU_DEFAULT))
	    == NULL)
		nomem();
}

static inline void fs_perm_fini(fs_perm_t *);
static inline void who_perm_fini(who_perm_t *);

static inline void
fs_perm_set_fini(fs_perm_set_t *fspset)
{
	fs_perm_node_t *node = uu_list_first(fspset->fsps_list);

	while (node != NULL) {
		fs_perm_node_t *next_node =
		    uu_list_next(fspset->fsps_list, node);
		fs_perm_t *fsperm = &node->fspn_fsperm;
		fs_perm_fini(fsperm);
		uu_list_remove(fspset->fsps_list, node);
		free(node);
		node = next_node;
	}

	uu_avl_pool_destroy(fspset->fsps_named_set_avl_pool);
	uu_avl_pool_destroy(fspset->fsps_who_perm_avl_pool);
	uu_avl_pool_destroy(fspset->fsps_deleg_perm_avl_pool);
}

static inline void
deleg_perm_init(deleg_perm_t *deleg_perm, zfs_deleg_who_type_t type,
    const char *name)
{
	deleg_perm->dp_who_type = type;
	deleg_perm->dp_name = name;
}

static inline void
who_perm_init(who_perm_t *who_perm, fs_perm_t *fsperm,
    zfs_deleg_who_type_t type, const char *name)
{
	uu_avl_pool_t	*pool;
	pool = fsperm->fsp_set->fsps_deleg_perm_avl_pool;

	bzero(who_perm, sizeof (who_perm_t));

	if ((who_perm->who_deleg_perm_avl = uu_avl_create(pool, NULL,
	    UU_DEFAULT)) == NULL)
		nomem();

	who_perm->who_type = type;
	who_perm->who_name = name;
	who_perm->who_fsperm = fsperm;
}

static inline void
who_perm_fini(who_perm_t *who_perm)
{
	deleg_perm_node_t *node = uu_avl_first(who_perm->who_deleg_perm_avl);

	while (node != NULL) {
		deleg_perm_node_t *next_node =
		    uu_avl_next(who_perm->who_deleg_perm_avl, node);

		uu_avl_remove(who_perm->who_deleg_perm_avl, node);
		free(node);
		node = next_node;
	}

	uu_avl_destroy(who_perm->who_deleg_perm_avl);
}

static inline void
fs_perm_init(fs_perm_t *fsperm, fs_perm_set_t *fspset, const char *fsname)
{
	uu_avl_pool_t	*nset_pool = fspset->fsps_named_set_avl_pool;
	uu_avl_pool_t	*who_pool = fspset->fsps_who_perm_avl_pool;

	bzero(fsperm, sizeof (fs_perm_t));

	if ((fsperm->fsp_sc_avl = uu_avl_create(nset_pool, NULL, UU_DEFAULT))
	    == NULL)
		nomem();

	if ((fsperm->fsp_uge_avl = uu_avl_create(who_pool, NULL, UU_DEFAULT))
	    == NULL)
		nomem();

	fsperm->fsp_set = fspset;
	fsperm->fsp_name = fsname;
}

static inline void
fs_perm_fini(fs_perm_t *fsperm)
{
	who_perm_node_t *node = uu_avl_first(fsperm->fsp_sc_avl);
	while (node != NULL) {
		who_perm_node_t *next_node = uu_avl_next(fsperm->fsp_sc_avl,
		    node);
		who_perm_t *who_perm = &node->who_perm;
		who_perm_fini(who_perm);
		uu_avl_remove(fsperm->fsp_sc_avl, node);
		free(node);
		node = next_node;
	}

	node = uu_avl_first(fsperm->fsp_uge_avl);
	while (node != NULL) {
		who_perm_node_t *next_node = uu_avl_next(fsperm->fsp_uge_avl,
		    node);
		who_perm_t *who_perm = &node->who_perm;
		who_perm_fini(who_perm);
		uu_avl_remove(fsperm->fsp_uge_avl, node);
		free(node);
		node = next_node;
	}

	uu_avl_destroy(fsperm->fsp_sc_avl);
	uu_avl_destroy(fsperm->fsp_uge_avl);
}

static void inline
set_deleg_perm_node(uu_avl_t *avl, deleg_perm_node_t *node,
    zfs_deleg_who_type_t who_type, const char *name, char locality)
{
	uu_avl_index_t idx = 0;

	deleg_perm_node_t *found_node = NULL;
	deleg_perm_t	*deleg_perm = &node->dpn_perm;

	deleg_perm_init(deleg_perm, who_type, name);

	if ((found_node = uu_avl_find(avl, node, NULL, &idx))
	    == NULL)
		uu_avl_insert(avl, node, idx);
	else {
		node = found_node;
		deleg_perm = &node->dpn_perm;
	}


	switch (locality) {
	case ZFS_DELEG_LOCAL:
		deleg_perm->dp_local = B_TRUE;
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_DESCENDENT:
		deleg_perm->dp_descend = B_TRUE;
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_NA:
		break;
	default:
		assert(B_FALSE); /* invalid locality */
	}
}

static inline int
parse_who_perm(who_perm_t *who_perm, nvlist_t *nvl, char locality)
{
	nvpair_t *nvp = NULL;
	fs_perm_set_t *fspset = who_perm->who_fsperm->fsp_set;
	uu_avl_t *avl = who_perm->who_deleg_perm_avl;
	zfs_deleg_who_type_t who_type = who_perm->who_type;

	while ((nvp = nvlist_next_nvpair(nvl, nvp)) != NULL) {
		const char *name = nvpair_name(nvp);
		data_type_t type = nvpair_type(nvp);
		uu_avl_pool_t *avl_pool = fspset->fsps_deleg_perm_avl_pool;
		deleg_perm_node_t *node =
		    safe_malloc(sizeof (deleg_perm_node_t));

		assert(type == DATA_TYPE_BOOLEAN);

		uu_avl_node_init(node, &node->dpn_avl_node, avl_pool);
		set_deleg_perm_node(avl, node, who_type, name, locality);
	}

	return (0);
}

static inline int
parse_fs_perm(fs_perm_t *fsperm, nvlist_t *nvl)
{
	nvpair_t *nvp = NULL;
	fs_perm_set_t *fspset = fsperm->fsp_set;

	while ((nvp = nvlist_next_nvpair(nvl, nvp)) != NULL) {
		nvlist_t *nvl2 = NULL;
		const char *name = nvpair_name(nvp);
		uu_avl_t *avl = NULL;
		uu_avl_pool_t *avl_pool;
		zfs_deleg_who_type_t perm_type = name[0];
		char perm_locality = name[1];
		const char *perm_name = name + 3;
		boolean_t is_set = B_TRUE;
		who_perm_t *who_perm = NULL;

		assert('$' == name[2]);

		if (nvpair_value_nvlist(nvp, &nvl2) != 0)
			return (-1);

		switch (perm_type) {
		case ZFS_DELEG_CREATE:
		case ZFS_DELEG_CREATE_SETS:
		case ZFS_DELEG_NAMED_SET:
		case ZFS_DELEG_NAMED_SET_SETS:
			avl_pool = fspset->fsps_named_set_avl_pool;
			avl = fsperm->fsp_sc_avl;
			break;
		case ZFS_DELEG_USER:
		case ZFS_DELEG_USER_SETS:
		case ZFS_DELEG_GROUP:
		case ZFS_DELEG_GROUP_SETS:
		case ZFS_DELEG_EVERYONE:
		case ZFS_DELEG_EVERYONE_SETS:
			avl_pool = fspset->fsps_who_perm_avl_pool;
			avl = fsperm->fsp_uge_avl;
			break;
		}

		if (is_set) {
			who_perm_node_t *found_node = NULL;
			who_perm_node_t *node = safe_malloc(
			    sizeof (who_perm_node_t));
			who_perm = &node->who_perm;
			uu_avl_index_t idx = 0;

			uu_avl_node_init(node, &node->who_avl_node, avl_pool);
			who_perm_init(who_perm, fsperm, perm_type, perm_name);

			if ((found_node = uu_avl_find(avl, node, NULL, &idx))
			    == NULL) {
				if (avl == fsperm->fsp_uge_avl) {
					uid_t rid = 0;
					struct passwd *p = NULL;
					struct group *g = NULL;
					const char *nice_name = NULL;

					switch (perm_type) {
					case ZFS_DELEG_USER_SETS:
					case ZFS_DELEG_USER:
						rid = atoi(perm_name);
						p = getpwuid(rid);
						if (p)
							nice_name = p->pw_name;
						break;
					case ZFS_DELEG_GROUP_SETS:
					case ZFS_DELEG_GROUP:
						rid = atoi(perm_name);
						g = getgrgid(rid);
						if (g)
							nice_name = g->gr_name;
						break;
					}

					if (nice_name != NULL)
						(void) strlcpy(
						    node->who_perm.who_ug_name,
						    nice_name, 256);
				}

				uu_avl_insert(avl, node, idx);
			} else {
				node = found_node;
				who_perm = &node->who_perm;
			}
		}

		(void) parse_who_perm(who_perm, nvl2, perm_locality);
	}

	return (0);
}

static inline int
parse_fs_perm_set(fs_perm_set_t *fspset, nvlist_t *nvl)
{
	nvpair_t *nvp = NULL;
	uu_avl_index_t idx = 0;

	while ((nvp = nvlist_next_nvpair(nvl, nvp)) != NULL) {
		nvlist_t *nvl2 = NULL;
		const char *fsname = nvpair_name(nvp);
		data_type_t type = nvpair_type(nvp);
		fs_perm_t *fsperm = NULL;
		fs_perm_node_t *node = safe_malloc(sizeof (fs_perm_node_t));
		if (node == NULL)
			nomem();

		fsperm = &node->fspn_fsperm;

		assert(DATA_TYPE_NVLIST == type);

		uu_list_node_init(node, &node->fspn_list_node,
		    fspset->fsps_list_pool);

		idx = uu_list_numnodes(fspset->fsps_list);
		fs_perm_init(fsperm, fspset, fsname);

		if (nvpair_value_nvlist(nvp, &nvl2) != 0)
			return (-1);

		(void) parse_fs_perm(fsperm, nvl2);

		uu_list_insert(fspset->fsps_list, node, idx);
	}

	return (0);
}

static inline const char *
deleg_perm_comment(zfs_deleg_note_t note)
{
	const char *str = "";

	/* subcommands */
	switch (note) {
		/* SUBCOMMANDS */
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_ALLOW:
		str = gettext("Must also have the permission that is being"
		    "\n\t\t\t\tallowed");
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_CLONE:
		str = gettext("Must also have the 'create' ability and 'mount'"
		    "\n\t\t\t\tability in the origin file system");
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_CREATE:
		str = gettext("Must also have the 'mount' ability");
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_DESTROY:
		str = gettext("Must also have the 'mount' ability");
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_DIFF:
		str = gettext("Allows lookup of paths within a dataset;"
		    "\n\t\t\t\tgiven an object number. Ordinary users need this"
		    "\n\t\t\t\tin order to use zfs diff");
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_HOLD:
		str = gettext("Allows adding a user hold to a snapshot");
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_MOUNT:
		str = gettext("Allows mount/umount of ZFS datasets");
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_PROMOTE:
		str = gettext("Must also have the 'mount'\n\t\t\t\tand"
		    " 'promote' ability in the origin file system");
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_RECEIVE:
		str = gettext("Must also have the 'mount' and 'create'"
		    " ability");
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_RELEASE:
		str = gettext("Allows releasing a user hold which\n\t\t\t\t"
		    "might destroy the snapshot");
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_RENAME:
		str = gettext("Must also have the 'mount' and 'create'"
		    "\n\t\t\t\tability in the new parent");
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_ROLLBACK:
		str = gettext("");
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_SEND:
		str = gettext("");
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_SHARE:
		str = gettext("Allows sharing file systems over NFS or SMB"
		    "\n\t\t\t\tprotocols");
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_SNAPSHOT:
		str = gettext("");
		break;
/*
 *	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_VSCAN:
 *		str = gettext("");
 *		break;
 */
		/* OTHER */
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_GROUPQUOTA:
		str = gettext("Allows accessing any [email protected] property");
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_GROUPUSED:
		str = gettext("Allows reading any [email protected] property");
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_USERPROP:
		str = gettext("Allows changing any user property");
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_USERQUOTA:
		str = gettext("Allows accessing any [email protected] property");
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_NOTE_USERUSED:
		str = gettext("Allows reading any [email protected] property");
		break;
		/* other */
	default:
		str = "";
	}

	return (str);
}

struct allow_opts {
	boolean_t local;
	boolean_t descend;
	boolean_t user;
	boolean_t group;
	boolean_t everyone;
	boolean_t create;
	boolean_t set;
	boolean_t recursive; /* unallow only */
	boolean_t prt_usage;

	boolean_t prt_perms;
	char *who;
	char *perms;
	const char *dataset;
};

static inline int
prop_cmp(const void *a, const void *b)
{
	const char *str1 = *(const char **)a;
	const char *str2 = *(const char **)b;
	return (strcmp(str1, str2));
}

static void
allow_usage(boolean_t un, boolean_t requested, const char *msg)
{
	const char *opt_desc[] = {
		"-h", gettext("show this help message and exit"),
		"-l", gettext("set permission locally"),
		"-d", gettext("set permission for descents"),
		"-u", gettext("set permission for user"),
		"-g", gettext("set permission for group"),
		"-e", gettext("set permission for everyone"),
		"-c", gettext("set create time permission"),
		"-s", gettext("define permission set"),
		/* unallow only */
		"-r", gettext("remove permissions recursively"),
	};
	size_t unallow_size = sizeof (opt_desc) / sizeof (char *);
	size_t allow_size = unallow_size - 2;
	const char *props[ZFS_NUM_PROPS];
	int i;
	size_t count = 0;
	FILE *fp = requested ? stdout : stderr;
	zprop_desc_t *pdtbl = zfs_prop_get_table();
	const char *fmt = gettext("%-16s %-14s\t%s\n");

	(void) fprintf(fp, gettext("Usage: %s\n"), get_usage(un ? HELP_UNALLOW :
	    HELP_ALLOW));
	(void) fprintf(fp, gettext("Options:\n"));
	for (int i = 0; i < (un ? unallow_size : allow_size); i++) {
		const char *opt = opt_desc[i++];
		const char *optdsc = opt_desc[i];
		(void) fprintf(fp, gettext("  %-10s  %s\n"), opt, optdsc);
	}

	(void) fprintf(fp, gettext("\nThe following permissions are "
	    "supported:\n\n"));
	(void) fprintf(fp, fmt, gettext("NAME"), gettext("TYPE"),
	    gettext("NOTES"));
	for (i = 0; i < ZFS_NUM_DELEG_NOTES; i++) {
		const char *perm_name = zfs_deleg_perm_tbl[i].z_perm;
		zfs_deleg_note_t perm_note = zfs_deleg_perm_tbl[i].z_note;
		const char *perm_type = deleg_perm_type(perm_note);
		const char *perm_comment = deleg_perm_comment(perm_note);
		(void) fprintf(fp, fmt, perm_name, perm_type, perm_comment);
	}

	for (i = 0; i < ZFS_NUM_PROPS; i++) {
		zprop_desc_t *pd = &pdtbl[i];
		if (pd->pd_visible != B_TRUE)
			continue;

		if (pd->pd_attr == PROP_READONLY)
			continue;

		props[count++] = pd->pd_name;
	}
	props[count] = NULL;

	qsort(props, count, sizeof (char *), prop_cmp);

	for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
		(void) fprintf(fp, fmt, props[i], gettext("property"), "");

	if (msg != NULL)
		(void) fprintf(fp, gettext("\nzfs: error: %s"), msg);

	exit(requested ? 0 : 2);
}

static inline const char *
munge_args(int argc, char **argv, boolean_t un, size_t expected_argc,
    char **permsp)
{
	if (un && argc == expected_argc - 1)
		*permsp = NULL;
	else if (argc == expected_argc)
		*permsp = argv[argc - 2];
	else
		allow_usage(un, B_FALSE,
		    gettext("wrong number of parameters\n"));

	return (argv[argc - 1]);
}

static void
parse_allow_args(int argc, char **argv, boolean_t un, struct allow_opts *opts)
{
	int uge_sum = opts->user + opts->group + opts->everyone;
	int csuge_sum = opts->create + opts->set + uge_sum;
	int ldcsuge_sum = csuge_sum + opts->local + opts->descend;
	int all_sum = un ? ldcsuge_sum + opts->recursive : ldcsuge_sum;

	if (uge_sum > 1)
		allow_usage(un, B_FALSE,
		    gettext("-u, -g, and -e are mutually exclusive\n"));

	if (opts->prt_usage)
		if (argc == 0 && all_sum == 0)
			allow_usage(un, B_TRUE, NULL);
		else
			usage(B_FALSE);

	if (opts->set) {
		if (csuge_sum > 1)
			allow_usage(un, B_FALSE,
			    gettext("invalid options combined with -s\n"));

		opts->dataset = munge_args(argc, argv, un, 3, &opts->perms);
		if (argv[0][0] != '@')
			allow_usage(un, B_FALSE,
			    gettext("invalid set name: missing '@' prefix\n"));
		opts->who = argv[0];
	} else if (opts->create) {
		if (ldcsuge_sum > 1)
			allow_usage(un, B_FALSE,
			    gettext("invalid options combined with -c\n"));
		opts->dataset = munge_args(argc, argv, un, 2, &opts->perms);
	} else if (opts->everyone) {
		if (csuge_sum > 1)
			allow_usage(un, B_FALSE,
			    gettext("invalid options combined with -e\n"));
		opts->dataset = munge_args(argc, argv, un, 2, &opts->perms);
	} else if (uge_sum == 0 && argc > 0 && strcmp(argv[0], "everyone")
	    == 0) {
		opts->everyone = B_TRUE;
		argc--;
		argv++;
		opts->dataset = munge_args(argc, argv, un, 2, &opts->perms);
	} else if (argc == 1 && !un) {
		opts->prt_perms = B_TRUE;
		opts->dataset = argv[argc-1];
	} else {
		opts->dataset = munge_args(argc, argv, un, 3, &opts->perms);
		opts->who = argv[0];
	}

	if (!opts->local && !opts->descend) {
		opts->local = B_TRUE;
		opts->descend = B_TRUE;
	}
}

static void
store_allow_perm(zfs_deleg_who_type_t type, boolean_t local, boolean_t descend,
    const char *who, char *perms, nvlist_t *top_nvl)
{
	int i;
	char ld[2] = { '\0', '\0' };
	char who_buf[ZFS_MAXNAMELEN+32];
	char base_type;
	char set_type;
	nvlist_t *base_nvl = NULL;
	nvlist_t *set_nvl = NULL;
	nvlist_t *nvl;

	if (nvlist_alloc(&base_nvl, NV_UNIQUE_NAME, 0) != 0)
		nomem();
	if (nvlist_alloc(&set_nvl, NV_UNIQUE_NAME, 0) !=  0)
		nomem();

	switch (type) {
	case ZFS_DELEG_NAMED_SET_SETS:
	case ZFS_DELEG_NAMED_SET:
		set_type = ZFS_DELEG_NAMED_SET_SETS;
		base_type = ZFS_DELEG_NAMED_SET;
		ld[0] = ZFS_DELEG_NA;
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_CREATE_SETS:
	case ZFS_DELEG_CREATE:
		set_type = ZFS_DELEG_CREATE_SETS;
		base_type = ZFS_DELEG_CREATE;
		ld[0] = ZFS_DELEG_NA;
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_USER_SETS:
	case ZFS_DELEG_USER:
		set_type = ZFS_DELEG_USER_SETS;
		base_type = ZFS_DELEG_USER;
		if (local)
			ld[0] = ZFS_DELEG_LOCAL;
		if (descend)
			ld[1] = ZFS_DELEG_DESCENDENT;
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_GROUP_SETS:
	case ZFS_DELEG_GROUP:
		set_type = ZFS_DELEG_GROUP_SETS;
		base_type = ZFS_DELEG_GROUP;
		if (local)
			ld[0] = ZFS_DELEG_LOCAL;
		if (descend)
			ld[1] = ZFS_DELEG_DESCENDENT;
		break;
	case ZFS_DELEG_EVERYONE_SETS:
	case ZFS_DELEG_EVERYONE:
		set_type = ZFS_DELEG_EVERYONE_SETS;
		base_type = ZFS_DELEG_EVERYONE;
		if (local)
			ld[0] = ZFS_DELEG_LOCAL;
		if (descend)
			ld[1] = ZFS_DELEG_DESCENDENT;
	}

	if (perms != NULL) {
		char *curr = perms;
		char *end = curr + strlen(perms);

		while (curr < end) {
			char *delim = strchr(curr, ',');
			if (delim == NULL)
				delim = end;
			else
				*delim = '\0';

			if (curr[0] == '@')
				nvl = set_nvl;
			else
				nvl = base_nvl;

			(void) nvlist_add_boolean(nvl, curr);
			if (delim != end)
				*delim = ',';
			curr = delim + 1;
		}

		for (i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
			char locality = ld[i];
			if (locality == 0)
				continue;

			if (!nvlist_empty(base_nvl)) {
				if (who != NULL)
					(void) snprintf(who_buf,
					    sizeof (who_buf), "%c%c$%s",
					    base_type, locality, who);
				else
					(void) snprintf(who_buf,
					    sizeof (who_buf), "%c%c$",
					    base_type, locality);

				(void) nvlist_add_nvlist(top_nvl, who_buf,
				    base_nvl);
			}


			if (!nvlist_empty(set_nvl)) {
				if (who != NULL)
					(void) snprintf(who_buf,
					    sizeof (who_buf), "%c%c$%s",
					    set_type, locality, who);
				else
					(void) snprintf(who_buf,
					    sizeof (who_buf), "%c%c$",
					    set_type, locality);

				(void) nvlist_add_nvlist(top_nvl, who_buf,
				    set_nvl);
			}
		}
	} else {
		for (i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
			char locality = ld[i];
			if (locality == 0)
				continue;

			if (who != NULL)
				(void) snprintf(who_buf, sizeof (who_buf),
				    "%c%c$%s", base_type, locality, who);
			else
				(void) snprintf(who_buf, sizeof (who_buf),
				    "%c%c$", base_type, locality);
			(void) nvlist_add_boolean(top_nvl, who_buf);

			if (who != NULL)
				(void) snprintf(who_buf, sizeof (who_buf),
				    "%c%c$%s", set_type, locality, who);
			else
				(void) snprintf(who_buf, sizeof (who_buf),
				    "%c%c$", set_type, locality);
			(void) nvlist_add_boolean(top_nvl, who_buf);
		}
	}
}

static int
construct_fsacl_list(boolean_t un, struct allow_opts *opts, nvlist_t **nvlp)
{
	if (nvlist_alloc(nvlp, NV_UNIQUE_NAME, 0) != 0)
		nomem();

	if (opts->set) {
		store_allow_perm(ZFS_DELEG_NAMED_SET, opts->local,
		    opts->descend, opts->who, opts->perms, *nvlp);
	} else if (opts->create) {
		store_allow_perm(ZFS_DELEG_CREATE, opts->local,
		    opts->descend, NULL, opts->perms, *nvlp);
	} else if (opts->everyone) {
		store_allow_perm(ZFS_DELEG_EVERYONE, opts->local,
		    opts->descend, NULL, opts->perms, *nvlp);
	} else {
		char *curr = opts->who;
		char *end = curr + strlen(curr);

		while (curr < end) {
			const char *who;
			zfs_deleg_who_type_t who_type;
			char *endch;
			char *delim = strchr(curr, ',');
			char errbuf[256];
			char id[64];
			struct passwd *p = NULL;
			struct group *g = NULL;

			uid_t rid;
			if (delim == NULL)
				delim = end;
			else
				*delim = '\0';

			rid = (uid_t)strtol(curr, &endch, 0);
			if (opts->user) {
				who_type = ZFS_DELEG_USER;
				if (*endch != '\0')
					p = getpwnam(curr);
				else
					p = getpwuid(rid);

				if (p != NULL)
					rid = p->pw_uid;
				else {
					(void) snprintf(errbuf, 256, gettext(
					    "invalid user %s"), curr);
					allow_usage(un, B_TRUE, errbuf);
				}
			} else if (opts->group) {
				who_type = ZFS_DELEG_GROUP;
				if (*endch != '\0')
					g = getgrnam(curr);
				else
					g = getgrgid(rid);

				if (g != NULL)
					rid = g->gr_gid;
				else {
					(void) snprintf(errbuf, 256, gettext(
					    "invalid group %s"),  curr);
					allow_usage(un, B_TRUE, errbuf);
				}
			} else {
				if (*endch != '\0') {
					p = getpwnam(curr);
				} else {
					p = getpwuid(rid);
				}

				if (p == NULL)
					if (*endch != '\0') {
						g = getgrnam(curr);
					} else {
						g = getgrgid(rid);
					}

				if (p != NULL) {
					who_type = ZFS_DELEG_USER;
					rid = p->pw_uid;
				} else if (g != NULL) {
					who_type = ZFS_DELEG_GROUP;
					rid = g->gr_gid;
				} else {
					(void) snprintf(errbuf, 256, gettext(
					    "invalid user/group %s"), curr);
					allow_usage(un, B_TRUE, errbuf);
				}
			}

			(void) sprintf(id, "%u", rid);
			who = id;

			store_allow_perm(who_type, opts->local,
			    opts->descend, who, opts->perms, *nvlp);
			curr = delim + 1;
		}
	}

	return (0);
}

static void
print_set_creat_perms(uu_avl_t *who_avl)
{
	const char *sc_title[] = {
		gettext("Permission sets:\n"),
		gettext("Create time permissions:\n"),
		NULL
	};
	const char **title_ptr = sc_title;
	who_perm_node_t *who_node = NULL;
	int prev_weight = -1;

	for (who_node = uu_avl_first(who_avl); who_node != NULL;
	    who_node = uu_avl_next(who_avl, who_node)) {
		uu_avl_t *avl = who_node->who_perm.who_deleg_perm_avl;
		zfs_deleg_who_type_t who_type = who_node->who_perm.who_type;
		const char *who_name = who_node->who_perm.who_name;
		int weight = who_type2weight(who_type);
		boolean_t first = B_TRUE;
		deleg_perm_node_t *deleg_node;

		if (prev_weight != weight) {
			(void) printf(*title_ptr++);
			prev_weight = weight;
		}

		if (who_name == NULL || strnlen(who_name, 1) == 0)
			(void) printf("\t");
		else
			(void) printf("\t%s ", who_name);

		for (deleg_node = uu_avl_first(avl); deleg_node != NULL;
		    deleg_node = uu_avl_next(avl, deleg_node)) {
			if (first) {
				(void) printf("%s",
				    deleg_node->dpn_perm.dp_name);
				first = B_FALSE;
			} else
				(void) printf(",%s",
				    deleg_node->dpn_perm.dp_name);
		}

		(void) printf("\n");
	}
}

static void inline
print_uge_deleg_perms(uu_avl_t *who_avl, boolean_t local, boolean_t descend,
    const char *title)
{
	who_perm_node_t *who_node = NULL;
	boolean_t prt_title = B_TRUE;
	uu_avl_walk_t *walk;

	if ((walk = uu_avl_walk_start(who_avl, UU_WALK_ROBUST)) == NULL)
		nomem();

	while ((who_node = uu_avl_walk_next(walk)) != NULL) {
		const char *who_name = who_node->who_perm.who_name;
		const char *nice_who_name = who_node->who_perm.who_ug_name;
		uu_avl_t *avl = who_node->who_perm.who_deleg_perm_avl;
		zfs_deleg_who_type_t who_type = who_node->who_perm.who_type;
		char delim = ' ';
		deleg_perm_node_t *deleg_node;
		boolean_t prt_who = B_TRUE;

		for (deleg_node = uu_avl_first(avl);
		    deleg_node != NULL;
		    deleg_node = uu_avl_next(avl, deleg_node)) {
			if (local != deleg_node->dpn_perm.dp_local ||
			    descend != deleg_node->dpn_perm.dp_descend)
				continue;

			if (prt_who) {
				const char *who = NULL;
				if (prt_title) {
					prt_title = B_FALSE;
					(void) printf(title);
				}

				switch (who_type) {
				case ZFS_DELEG_USER_SETS:
				case ZFS_DELEG_USER:
					who = gettext("user");
					if (nice_who_name)
						who_name  = nice_who_name;
					break;
				case ZFS_DELEG_GROUP_SETS:
				case ZFS_DELEG_GROUP:
					who = gettext("group");
					if (nice_who_name)
						who_name  = nice_who_name;
					break;
				case ZFS_DELEG_EVERYONE_SETS:
				case ZFS_DELEG_EVERYONE:
					who = gettext("everyone");
					who_name = NULL;
				}

				prt_who = B_FALSE;
				if (who_name == NULL)
					(void) printf("\t%s", who);
				else
					(void) printf("\t%s %s", who, who_name);
			}

			(void) printf("%c%s", delim,
			    deleg_node->dpn_perm.dp_name);
			delim = ',';
		}

		if (!prt_who)
			(void) printf("\n");
	}

	uu_avl_walk_end(walk);
}

static void
print_fs_perms(fs_perm_set_t *fspset)
{
	fs_perm_node_t *node = NULL;
	char buf[ZFS_MAXNAMELEN+32];
	const char *dsname = buf;

	for (node = uu_list_first(fspset->fsps_list); node != NULL;
	    node = uu_list_next(fspset->fsps_list, node)) {
		uu_avl_t *sc_avl = node->fspn_fsperm.fsp_sc_avl;
		uu_avl_t *uge_avl = node->fspn_fsperm.fsp_uge_avl;
		int left = 0;

		(void) snprintf(buf, ZFS_MAXNAMELEN+32,
		    gettext("---- Permissions on %s "),
		    node->fspn_fsperm.fsp_name);
		(void) printf(dsname);
		left = 70 - strlen(buf);
		while (left-- > 0)
			(void) printf("-");
		(void) printf("\n");

		print_set_creat_perms(sc_avl);
		print_uge_deleg_perms(uge_avl, B_TRUE, B_FALSE,
		    gettext("Local permissions:\n"));
		print_uge_deleg_perms(uge_avl, B_FALSE, B_TRUE,
		    gettext("Descendent permissions:\n"));
		print_uge_deleg_perms(uge_avl, B_TRUE, B_TRUE,
		    gettext("Local+Descendent permissions:\n"));
	}
}

static fs_perm_set_t fs_perm_set = { NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL };

struct deleg_perms {
	boolean_t un;
	nvlist_t *nvl;
};

static int
set_deleg_perms(zfs_handle_t *zhp, void *data)
{
	struct deleg_perms *perms = (struct deleg_perms *)data;
	zfs_type_t zfs_type = zfs_get_type(zhp);

	if (zfs_type != ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM && zfs_type != ZFS_TYPE_VOLUME)
		return (0);

	return (zfs_set_fsacl(zhp, perms->un, perms->nvl));
}

static int
zfs_do_allow_unallow_impl(int argc, char **argv, boolean_t un)
{
	zfs_handle_t *zhp;
	nvlist_t *perm_nvl = NULL;
	nvlist_t *update_perm_nvl = NULL;
	int error = 1;
	int c;
	struct allow_opts opts = { 0 };

	const char *optstr = un ? "ldugecsrh" : "ldugecsh";

	/* check opts */
	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, optstr)) != -1) {
		switch (c) {
		case 'l':
			opts.local = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'd':
			opts.descend = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'u':
			opts.user = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'g':
			opts.group = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'e':
			opts.everyone = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 's':
			opts.set = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'c':
			opts.create = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'r':
			opts.recursive = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case ':':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing argument for "
			    "'%c' option\n"), optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
			break;
		case 'h':
			opts.prt_usage = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case '?':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"),
			    optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}
	}

	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	/* check arguments */
	parse_allow_args(argc, argv, un, &opts);

	/* try to open the dataset */
	if ((zhp = zfs_open(g_zfs, opts.dataset, ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM |
	    ZFS_TYPE_VOLUME)) == NULL) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open dataset: %s\n",
		    opts.dataset);
		return (-1);
	}

	if (zfs_get_fsacl(zhp, &perm_nvl) != 0)
		goto cleanup2;

	fs_perm_set_init(&fs_perm_set);
	if (parse_fs_perm_set(&fs_perm_set, perm_nvl) != 0) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, "Failed to parse fsacl permissions\n");
		goto cleanup1;
	}

	if (opts.prt_perms)
		print_fs_perms(&fs_perm_set);
	else {
		(void) construct_fsacl_list(un, &opts, &update_perm_nvl);
		if (zfs_set_fsacl(zhp, un, update_perm_nvl) != 0)
			goto cleanup0;

		if (un && opts.recursive) {
			struct deleg_perms data = { un, update_perm_nvl };
			if (zfs_iter_filesystems(zhp, set_deleg_perms,
			    &data) != 0)
				goto cleanup0;
		}
	}

	error = 0;

cleanup0:
	nvlist_free(perm_nvl);
	if (update_perm_nvl != NULL)
		nvlist_free(update_perm_nvl);
cleanup1:
	fs_perm_set_fini(&fs_perm_set);
cleanup2:
	zfs_close(zhp);

	return (error);
}

/*
 * zfs allow [-r] [-t] <tag> <snap> ...
 *
 *	-r	Recursively hold
 *	-t	Temporary hold (hidden option)
 *
 * Apply a user-hold with the given tag to the list of snapshots.
 */
static int
zfs_do_allow(int argc, char **argv)
{
	return (zfs_do_allow_unallow_impl(argc, argv, B_FALSE));
}

/*
 * zfs unallow [-r] [-t] <tag> <snap> ...
 *
 *	-r	Recursively hold
 *	-t	Temporary hold (hidden option)
 *
 * Apply a user-hold with the given tag to the list of snapshots.
 */
static int
zfs_do_unallow(int argc, char **argv)
{
	return (zfs_do_allow_unallow_impl(argc, argv, B_TRUE));
}

static int
zfs_do_hold_rele_impl(int argc, char **argv, boolean_t holding)
{
	int errors = 0;
	int i;
	const char *tag;
	boolean_t recursive = B_FALSE;
	boolean_t temphold = B_FALSE;
	const char *opts = holding ? "rt" : "r";
	int c;

	/* check options */
	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, opts)) != -1) {
		switch (c) {
		case 'r':
			recursive = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 't':
			temphold = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case '?':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"),
			    optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}
	}

	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	/* check number of arguments */
	if (argc < 2)
		usage(B_FALSE);

	tag = argv[0];
	--argc;
	++argv;

	if (holding && tag[0] == '.') {
		/* tags starting with '.' are reserved for libzfs */
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("tag may not start with '.'\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}

	for (i = 0; i < argc; ++i) {
		zfs_handle_t *zhp;
		char parent[ZFS_MAXNAMELEN];
		const char *delim;
		char *path = argv[i];

		delim = strchr(path, '@');
		if (delim == NULL) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr,
			    gettext("'%s' is not a snapshot\n"), path);
			++errors;
			continue;
		}
		(void) strncpy(parent, path, delim - path);
		parent[delim - path] = '\0';

		zhp = zfs_open(g_zfs, parent,
		    ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM | ZFS_TYPE_VOLUME);
		if (zhp == NULL) {
			++errors;
			continue;
		}
		if (holding) {
			if (zfs_hold(zhp, delim+1, tag, recursive,
			    temphold, B_FALSE, -1, 0, 0) != 0)
				++errors;
		} else {
			if (zfs_release(zhp, delim+1, tag, recursive) != 0)
				++errors;
		}
		zfs_close(zhp);
	}

	return (errors != 0);
}

/*
 * zfs hold [-r] [-t] <tag> <snap> ...
 *
 *	-r	Recursively hold
 *	-t	Temporary hold (hidden option)
 *
 * Apply a user-hold with the given tag to the list of snapshots.
 */
static int
zfs_do_hold(int argc, char **argv)
{
	return (zfs_do_hold_rele_impl(argc, argv, B_TRUE));
}

/*
 * zfs release [-r] <tag> <snap> ...
 *
 *	-r	Recursively release
 *
 * Release a user-hold with the given tag from the list of snapshots.
 */
static int
zfs_do_release(int argc, char **argv)
{
	return (zfs_do_hold_rele_impl(argc, argv, B_FALSE));
}

typedef struct holds_cbdata {
	boolean_t	cb_recursive;
	const char	*cb_snapname;
	nvlist_t	**cb_nvlp;
	size_t		cb_max_namelen;
	size_t		cb_max_taglen;
} holds_cbdata_t;

#define	STRFTIME_FMT_STR "%a %b %e %k:%M %Y"
#define	DATETIME_BUF_LEN (32)
/*
 *
 */
static void
print_holds(boolean_t scripted, size_t nwidth, size_t tagwidth, nvlist_t *nvl)
{
	int i;
	nvpair_t *nvp = NULL;
	char *hdr_cols[] = { "NAME", "TAG", "TIMESTAMP" };
	const char *col;

	if (!scripted) {
		for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
			col = gettext(hdr_cols[i]);
			if (i < 2)
				(void) printf("%-*s  ", i ? tagwidth : nwidth,
				    col);
			else
				(void) printf("%s\n", col);
		}
	}

	while ((nvp = nvlist_next_nvpair(nvl, nvp)) != NULL) {
		char *zname = nvpair_name(nvp);
		nvlist_t *nvl2;
		nvpair_t *nvp2 = NULL;
		(void) nvpair_value_nvlist(nvp, &nvl2);
		while ((nvp2 = nvlist_next_nvpair(nvl2, nvp2)) != NULL) {
			char tsbuf[DATETIME_BUF_LEN];
			char *tagname = nvpair_name(nvp2);
			uint64_t val = 0;
			time_t time;
			struct tm t;
			char sep = scripted ? '\t' : ' ';
			size_t sepnum = scripted ? 1 : 2;

			(void) nvpair_value_uint64(nvp2, &val);
			time = (time_t)val;
			(void) localtime_r(&time, &t);
			(void) strftime(tsbuf, DATETIME_BUF_LEN,
			    gettext(STRFTIME_FMT_STR), &t);

			(void) printf("%-*s%*c%-*s%*c%s\n", nwidth, zname,
			    sepnum, sep, tagwidth, tagname, sepnum, sep, tsbuf);
		}
	}
}

/*
 * Generic callback function to list a dataset or snapshot.
 */
static int
holds_callback(zfs_handle_t *zhp, void *data)
{
	holds_cbdata_t *cbp = data;
	nvlist_t *top_nvl = *cbp->cb_nvlp;
	nvlist_t *nvl = NULL;
	nvpair_t *nvp = NULL;
	const char *zname = zfs_get_name(zhp);
	size_t znamelen = strnlen(zname, ZFS_MAXNAMELEN);

	if (cbp->cb_recursive) {
		const char *snapname;
		char *delim  = strchr(zname, '@');
		if (delim == NULL)
			return (0);

		snapname = delim + 1;
		if (strcmp(cbp->cb_snapname, snapname))
			return (0);
	}

	if (zfs_get_holds(zhp, &nvl) != 0)
		return (-1);

	if (znamelen > cbp->cb_max_namelen)
		cbp->cb_max_namelen  = znamelen;

	while ((nvp = nvlist_next_nvpair(nvl, nvp)) != NULL) {
		const char *tag = nvpair_name(nvp);
		size_t taglen = strnlen(tag, MAXNAMELEN);
		if (taglen > cbp->cb_max_taglen)
			cbp->cb_max_taglen  = taglen;
	}

	return (nvlist_add_nvlist(top_nvl, zname, nvl));
}

/*
 * zfs holds [-r] <snap> ...
 *
 *	-r	Recursively hold
 */
static int
zfs_do_holds(int argc, char **argv)
{
	int errors = 0;
	int c;
	int i;
	boolean_t scripted = B_FALSE;
	boolean_t recursive = B_FALSE;
	const char *opts = "rH";
	nvlist_t *nvl;

	int types = ZFS_TYPE_SNAPSHOT;
	holds_cbdata_t cb = { 0 };

	int limit = 0;
	int ret = 0;
	int flags = 0;

	/* check options */
	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, opts)) != -1) {
		switch (c) {
		case 'r':
			recursive = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'H':
			scripted = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case '?':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"),
			    optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}
	}

	if (recursive) {
		types |= ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM | ZFS_TYPE_VOLUME;
		flags |= ZFS_ITER_RECURSE;
	}

	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	/* check number of arguments */
	if (argc < 1)
		usage(B_FALSE);

	if (nvlist_alloc(&nvl, NV_UNIQUE_NAME, 0) != 0)
		nomem();

	for (i = 0; i < argc; ++i) {
		char *snapshot = argv[i];
		const char *delim;
		const char *snapname;

		delim = strchr(snapshot, '@');
		if (delim == NULL) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr,
			    gettext("'%s' is not a snapshot\n"), snapshot);
			++errors;
			continue;
		}
		snapname = delim + 1;
		if (recursive)
			snapshot[delim - snapshot] = '\0';

		cb.cb_recursive = recursive;
		cb.cb_snapname = snapname;
		cb.cb_nvlp = &nvl;

		/*
		 *  1. collect holds data, set format options
		 */
		ret = zfs_for_each(argc, argv, flags, types, NULL, NULL, limit,
		    holds_callback, &cb);
		if (ret != 0)
			++errors;
	}

	/*
	 *  2. print holds data
	 */
	print_holds(scripted, cb.cb_max_namelen, cb.cb_max_taglen, nvl);

	if (nvlist_empty(nvl))
		(void) printf(gettext("no datasets available\n"));

	nvlist_free(nvl);

	return (0 != errors);
}

#define	CHECK_SPINNER 30
#define	SPINNER_TIME 3		/* seconds */
#define	MOUNT_TIME 5		/* seconds */

static int
get_one_dataset(zfs_handle_t *zhp, void *data)
{
	static char *spin[] = { "-", "\\", "|", "/" };
	static int spinval = 0;
	static int spincheck = 0;
	static time_t last_spin_time = (time_t)0;
	get_all_cb_t *cbp = data;
	zfs_type_t type = zfs_get_type(zhp);

	if (cbp->cb_verbose) {
		if (--spincheck < 0) {
			time_t now = time(NULL);
			if (last_spin_time + SPINNER_TIME < now) {
				update_progress(spin[spinval++ % 4]);
				last_spin_time = now;
			}
			spincheck = CHECK_SPINNER;
		}
	}

	/*
	 * Interate over any nested datasets.
	 */
	if (zfs_iter_filesystems(zhp, get_one_dataset, data) != 0) {
		zfs_close(zhp);
		return (1);
	}

	/*
	 * Skip any datasets whose type does not match.
	 */
	if ((type & ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM) == 0) {
		zfs_close(zhp);
		return (0);
	}
	libzfs_add_handle(cbp, zhp);
	assert(cbp->cb_used <= cbp->cb_alloc);

	return (0);
}

static void
get_all_datasets(zfs_handle_t ***dslist, size_t *count, boolean_t verbose)
{
	get_all_cb_t cb = { 0 };
	cb.cb_verbose = verbose;
	cb.cb_getone = get_one_dataset;

	if (verbose)
		set_progress_header(gettext("Reading ZFS config"));
	(void) zfs_iter_root(g_zfs, get_one_dataset, &cb);

	*dslist = cb.cb_handles;
	*count = cb.cb_used;

	if (verbose)
		finish_progress(gettext("done."));
}

/*
 * Generic callback for sharing or mounting filesystems.  Because the code is so
 * similar, we have a common function with an extra parameter to determine which
 * mode we are using.
 */
#define	OP_SHARE	0x1
#define	OP_MOUNT	0x2

/*
 * Share or mount a dataset.
 */
static int
share_mount_one(zfs_handle_t *zhp, int op, int flags, char *protocol,
    boolean_t explicit, const char *options)
{
	char mountpoint[ZFS_MAXPROPLEN];
	char shareopts[ZFS_MAXPROPLEN];
	char smbshareopts[ZFS_MAXPROPLEN];
	const char *cmdname = op == OP_SHARE ? "share" : "mount";
	struct mnttab mnt;
	uint64_t zoned, canmount;
	boolean_t shared_nfs, shared_smb;

	assert(zfs_get_type(zhp) & ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM);

	/*
	 * Check to make sure we can mount/share this dataset.  If we
	 * are in the global zone and the filesystem is exported to a
	 * local zone, or if we are in a local zone and the
	 * filesystem is not exported, then it is an error.
	 */
	zoned = zfs_prop_get_int(zhp, ZFS_PROP_ZONED);

	if (zoned && getzoneid() == GLOBAL_ZONEID) {
		if (!explicit)
			return (0);

		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot %s '%s': "
		    "dataset is exported to a local zone\n"), cmdname,
		    zfs_get_name(zhp));
		return (1);

	} else if (!zoned && getzoneid() != GLOBAL_ZONEID) {
		if (!explicit)
			return (0);

		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot %s '%s': "
		    "permission denied\n"), cmdname,
		    zfs_get_name(zhp));
		return (1);
	}

	/*
	 * Ignore any filesystems which don't apply to us. This
	 * includes those with a legacy mountpoint, or those with
	 * legacy share options.
	 */
	verify(zfs_prop_get(zhp, ZFS_PROP_MOUNTPOINT, mountpoint,
	    sizeof (mountpoint), NULL, NULL, 0, B_FALSE) == 0);
	verify(zfs_prop_get(zhp, ZFS_PROP_SHARENFS, shareopts,
	    sizeof (shareopts), NULL, NULL, 0, B_FALSE) == 0);
	verify(zfs_prop_get(zhp, ZFS_PROP_SHARESMB, smbshareopts,
	    sizeof (smbshareopts), NULL, NULL, 0, B_FALSE) == 0);

	if (op == OP_SHARE && strcmp(shareopts, "off") == 0 &&
	    strcmp(smbshareopts, "off") == 0) {
		if (!explicit)
			return (0);

		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot share '%s': "
		    "legacy share\n"), zfs_get_name(zhp));
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("use share(1M) to "
		    "share this filesystem, or set "
		    "sharenfs property on\n"));
		return (1);
	}

	/*
	 * We cannot share or mount legacy filesystems. If the
	 * shareopts is non-legacy but the mountpoint is legacy, we
	 * treat it as a legacy share.
	 */
	if (strcmp(mountpoint, "legacy") == 0) {
		if (!explicit)
			return (0);

		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot %s '%s': "
		    "legacy mountpoint\n"), cmdname, zfs_get_name(zhp));
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("use %s(1M) to "
		    "%s this filesystem\n"), cmdname, cmdname);
		return (1);
	}

	if (strcmp(mountpoint, "none") == 0) {
		if (!explicit)
			return (0);

		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot %s '%s': no "
		    "mountpoint set\n"), cmdname, zfs_get_name(zhp));
		return (1);
	}

	/*
	 * canmount	explicit	outcome
	 * on		no		pass through
	 * on		yes		pass through
	 * off		no		return 0
	 * off		yes		display error, return 1
	 * noauto	no		return 0
	 * noauto	yes		pass through
	 */
	canmount = zfs_prop_get_int(zhp, ZFS_PROP_CANMOUNT);
	if (canmount == ZFS_CANMOUNT_OFF) {
		if (!explicit)
			return (0);

		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot %s '%s': "
		    "'canmount' property is set to 'off'\n"), cmdname,
		    zfs_get_name(zhp));
		return (1);
	} else if (canmount == ZFS_CANMOUNT_NOAUTO && !explicit) {
		return (0);
	}

	/*
	 * At this point, we have verified that the mountpoint and/or
	 * shareopts are appropriate for auto management. If the
	 * filesystem is already mounted or shared, return (failing
	 * for explicit requests); otherwise mount or share the
	 * filesystem.
	 */
	switch (op) {
	case OP_SHARE:

		shared_nfs = zfs_is_shared_nfs(zhp, NULL);
		shared_smb = zfs_is_shared_smb(zhp, NULL);

		if (shared_nfs && shared_smb ||
		    (shared_nfs && strcmp(shareopts, "on") == 0 &&
		    strcmp(smbshareopts, "off") == 0) ||
		    (shared_smb && strcmp(smbshareopts, "on") == 0 &&
		    strcmp(shareopts, "off") == 0)) {
			if (!explicit)
				return (0);

			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot share "
			    "'%s': filesystem already shared\n"),
			    zfs_get_name(zhp));
			return (1);
		}

		if (!zfs_is_mounted(zhp, NULL) &&
		    zfs_mount(zhp, NULL, 0) != 0)
			return (1);

		if (protocol == NULL) {
			if (zfs_shareall(zhp) != 0)
				return (1);
		} else if (strcmp(protocol, "nfs") == 0) {
			if (zfs_share_nfs(zhp))
				return (1);
		} else if (strcmp(protocol, "smb") == 0) {
			if (zfs_share_smb(zhp))
				return (1);
		} else {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot share "
			    "'%s': invalid share type '%s' "
			    "specified\n"),
			    zfs_get_name(zhp), protocol);
			return (1);
		}

		break;

	case OP_MOUNT:
		if (options == NULL)
			mnt.mnt_mntopts = "";
		else
			mnt.mnt_mntopts = (char *)options;

		if (!hasmntopt(&mnt, MNTOPT_REMOUNT) &&
		    zfs_is_mounted(zhp, NULL)) {
			if (!explicit)
				return (0);

			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot mount "
			    "'%s': filesystem already mounted\n"),
			    zfs_get_name(zhp));
			return (1);
		}

		if (zfs_mount(zhp, options, flags) != 0)
			return (1);
		break;
	}

	return (0);
}

/*
 * Reports progress in the form "(current/total)".  Not thread-safe.
 */
static void
report_mount_progress(int current, int total)
{
	static time_t last_progress_time = 0;
	time_t now = time(NULL);
	char info[32];

	/* report 1..n instead of 0..n-1 */
	++current;

	/* display header if we're here for the first time */
	if (current == 1) {
		set_progress_header(gettext("Mounting ZFS filesystems"));
	} else if (current != total && last_progress_time + MOUNT_TIME >= now) {
		/* too soon to report again */
		return;
	}

	last_progress_time = now;

	(void) sprintf(info, "(%d/%d)", current, total);

	if (current == total)
		finish_progress(info);
	else
		update_progress(info);
}

static void
append_options(char *mntopts, char *newopts)
{
	int len = strlen(mntopts);

	/* original length plus new string to append plus 1 for the comma */
	if (len + 1 + strlen(newopts) >= MNT_LINE_MAX) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("the opts argument for "
		    "'%c' option is too long (more than %d chars)\n"),
		    "-o", MNT_LINE_MAX);
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}

	if (*mntopts)
		mntopts[len++] = ',';

	(void) strcpy(&mntopts[len], newopts);
}

static int
share_mount(int op, int argc, char **argv)
{
	int do_all = 0;
	boolean_t verbose = B_FALSE;
	int c, ret = 0;
	char *options = NULL;
	int flags = 0;

	/* check options */
	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, op == OP_MOUNT ? ":avo:O" : "a"))
	    != -1) {
		switch (c) {
		case 'a':
			do_all = 1;
			break;
		case 'v':
			verbose = B_TRUE;
			break;
		case 'o':
			if (*optarg == '\0') {
				(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("empty mount "
				    "options (-o) specified\n"));
				usage(B_FALSE);
			}

			if (options == NULL)
				options = safe_malloc(MNT_LINE_MAX + 1);

			/* option validation is done later */
			append_options(options, optarg);
			break;

		case 'O':
			flags |= MS_OVERLAY;
			break;
		case ':':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing argument for "
			    "'%c' option\n"), optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
			break;
		case '?':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"),
			    optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}
	}

	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	/* check number of arguments */
	if (do_all) {
		zfs_handle_t **dslist = NULL;
		size_t i, count = 0;
		char *protocol = NULL;

		if (op == OP_SHARE && argc > 0) {
			if (strcmp(argv[0], "nfs") != 0 &&
			    strcmp(argv[0], "smb") != 0) {
				(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("share type "
				    "must be 'nfs' or 'smb'\n"));
				usage(B_FALSE);
			}
			protocol = argv[0];
			argc--;
			argv++;
		}

		if (argc != 0) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("too many arguments\n"));
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}

		start_progress_timer();
		get_all_datasets(&dslist, &count, verbose);

		if (count == 0)
			return (0);

		qsort(dslist, count, sizeof (void *), libzfs_dataset_cmp);

		for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
			if (verbose)
				report_mount_progress(i, count);

			if (share_mount_one(dslist[i], op, flags, protocol,
			    B_FALSE, options) != 0)
				ret = 1;
			zfs_close(dslist[i]);
		}

		free(dslist);
	} else if (argc == 0) {
		struct mnttab entry;

		if ((op == OP_SHARE) || (options != NULL)) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing filesystem "
			    "argument (specify -a for all)\n"));
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}

		/*
		 * When mount is given no arguments, go through /etc/mnttab and
		 * display any active ZFS mounts.  We hide any snapshots, since
		 * they are controlled automatically.
		 */
		rewind(mnttab_file);
		while (getmntent(mnttab_file, &entry) == 0) {
			if (strcmp(entry.mnt_fstype, MNTTYPE_ZFS) != 0 ||
			    strchr(entry.mnt_special, '@') != NULL)
				continue;

			(void) printf("%-30s  %s\n", entry.mnt_special,
			    entry.mnt_mountp);
		}

	} else {
		zfs_handle_t *zhp;

		if (argc > 1) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr,
			    gettext("too many arguments\n"));
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}

		if ((zhp = zfs_open(g_zfs, argv[0],
		    ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM)) == NULL) {
			ret = 1;
		} else {
			ret = share_mount_one(zhp, op, flags, NULL, B_TRUE,
			    options);
			zfs_close(zhp);
		}
	}

	return (ret);
}

/*
 * zfs mount -a [nfs]
 * zfs mount filesystem
 *
 * Mount all filesystems, or mount the given filesystem.
 */
static int
zfs_do_mount(int argc, char **argv)
{
	return (share_mount(OP_MOUNT, argc, argv));
}

/*
 * zfs share -a [nfs | smb]
 * zfs share filesystem
 *
 * Share all filesystems, or share the given filesystem.
 */
static int
zfs_do_share(int argc, char **argv)
{
	return (share_mount(OP_SHARE, argc, argv));
}

typedef struct unshare_unmount_node {
	zfs_handle_t	*un_zhp;
	char		*un_mountp;
	uu_avl_node_t	un_avlnode;
} unshare_unmount_node_t;

/* ARGSUSED */
static int
unshare_unmount_compare(const void *larg, const void *rarg, void *unused)
{
	const unshare_unmount_node_t *l = larg;
	const unshare_unmount_node_t *r = rarg;

	return (strcmp(l->un_mountp, r->un_mountp));
}

/*
 * Convenience routine used by zfs_do_umount() and manual_unmount().  Given an
 * absolute path, find the entry /etc/mnttab, verify that its a ZFS filesystem,
 * and unmount it appropriately.
 */
static int
unshare_unmount_path(int op, char *path, int flags, boolean_t is_manual)
{
	zfs_handle_t *zhp;
	int ret = 0;
	struct stat64 statbuf;
	struct extmnttab entry;
	const char *cmdname = (op == OP_SHARE) ? "unshare" : "unmount";
	ino_t path_inode;

	/*
	 * Search for the path in /etc/mnttab.  Rather than looking for the
	 * specific path, which can be fooled by non-standard paths (i.e. ".."
	 * or "//"), we stat() the path and search for the corresponding
	 * (major,minor) device pair.
	 */
	if (stat64(path, &statbuf) != 0) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot %s '%s': %s\n"),
		    cmdname, path, strerror(errno));
		return (1);
	}
	path_inode = statbuf.st_ino;

	/*
	 * Search for the given (major,minor) pair in the mount table.
	 */
	rewind(mnttab_file);
	while ((ret = getextmntent(mnttab_file, &entry, 0)) == 0) {
		if (entry.mnt_major == major(statbuf.st_dev) &&
		    entry.mnt_minor == minor(statbuf.st_dev))
			break;
	}
	if (ret != 0) {
		if (op == OP_SHARE) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot %s '%s': not "
			    "currently mounted\n"), cmdname, path);
			return (1);
		}
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("warning: %s not in mnttab\n"),
		    path);
		if ((ret = umount2(path, flags)) != 0)
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("%s: %s\n"), path,
			    strerror(errno));
		return (ret != 0);
	}

	if (strcmp(entry.mnt_fstype, MNTTYPE_ZFS) != 0) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot %s '%s': not a ZFS "
		    "filesystem\n"), cmdname, path);
		return (1);
	}

	if ((zhp = zfs_open(g_zfs, entry.mnt_special,
	    ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM)) == NULL)
		return (1);

	ret = 1;
	if (stat64(entry.mnt_mountp, &statbuf) != 0) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot %s '%s': %s\n"),
		    cmdname, path, strerror(errno));
		goto out;
	} else if (statbuf.st_ino != path_inode) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot "
		    "%s '%s': not a mountpoint\n"), cmdname, path);
		goto out;
	}

	if (op == OP_SHARE) {
		char nfs_mnt_prop[ZFS_MAXPROPLEN];
		char smbshare_prop[ZFS_MAXPROPLEN];

		verify(zfs_prop_get(zhp, ZFS_PROP_SHARENFS, nfs_mnt_prop,
		    sizeof (nfs_mnt_prop), NULL, NULL, 0, B_FALSE) == 0);
		verify(zfs_prop_get(zhp, ZFS_PROP_SHARESMB, smbshare_prop,
		    sizeof (smbshare_prop), NULL, NULL, 0, B_FALSE) == 0);

		if (strcmp(nfs_mnt_prop, "off") == 0 &&
		    strcmp(smbshare_prop, "off") == 0) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot unshare "
			    "'%s': legacy share\n"), path);
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("use "
			    "unshare(1M) to unshare this filesystem\n"));
		} else if (!zfs_is_shared(zhp)) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot unshare '%s': "
			    "not currently shared\n"), path);
		} else {
			ret = zfs_unshareall_bypath(zhp, path);
		}
	} else {
		char mtpt_prop[ZFS_MAXPROPLEN];

		verify(zfs_prop_get(zhp, ZFS_PROP_MOUNTPOINT, mtpt_prop,
		    sizeof (mtpt_prop), NULL, NULL, 0, B_FALSE) == 0);

		if (is_manual) {
			ret = zfs_unmount(zhp, NULL, flags);
		} else if (strcmp(mtpt_prop, "legacy") == 0) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot unmount "
			    "'%s': legacy mountpoint\n"),
			    zfs_get_name(zhp));
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("use umount(1M) "
			    "to unmount this filesystem\n"));
		} else {
			ret = zfs_unmountall(zhp, flags);
		}
	}

out:
	zfs_close(zhp);

	return (ret != 0);
}

/*
 * Generic callback for unsharing or unmounting a filesystem.
 */
static int
unshare_unmount(int op, int argc, char **argv)
{
	int do_all = 0;
	int flags = 0;
	int ret = 0;
	int c;
	zfs_handle_t *zhp;
	char nfs_mnt_prop[ZFS_MAXPROPLEN];
	char sharesmb[ZFS_MAXPROPLEN];

	/* check options */
	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, op == OP_SHARE ? "a" : "af")) != -1) {
		switch (c) {
		case 'a':
			do_all = 1;
			break;
		case 'f':
			flags = MS_FORCE;
			break;
		case '?':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"),
			    optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}
	}

	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	if (do_all) {
		/*
		 * We could make use of zfs_for_each() to walk all datasets in
		 * the system, but this would be very inefficient, especially
		 * since we would have to linearly search /etc/mnttab for each
		 * one.  Instead, do one pass through /etc/mnttab looking for
		 * zfs entries and call zfs_unmount() for each one.
		 *
		 * Things get a little tricky if the administrator has created
		 * mountpoints beneath other ZFS filesystems.  In this case, we
		 * have to unmount the deepest filesystems first.  To accomplish
		 * this, we place all the mountpoints in an AVL tree sorted by
		 * the special type (dataset name), and walk the result in
		 * reverse to make sure to get any snapshots first.
		 */
		struct mnttab entry;
		uu_avl_pool_t *pool;
		uu_avl_t *tree;
		unshare_unmount_node_t *node;
		uu_avl_index_t idx;
		uu_avl_walk_t *walk;

		if (argc != 0) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("too many arguments\n"));
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}

		if (((pool = uu_avl_pool_create("unmount_pool",
		    sizeof (unshare_unmount_node_t),
		    offsetof(unshare_unmount_node_t, un_avlnode),
		    unshare_unmount_compare, UU_DEFAULT)) == NULL) ||
		    ((tree = uu_avl_create(pool, NULL, UU_DEFAULT)) == NULL))
			nomem();

		rewind(mnttab_file);
		while (getmntent(mnttab_file, &entry) == 0) {

			/* ignore non-ZFS entries */
			if (strcmp(entry.mnt_fstype, MNTTYPE_ZFS) != 0)
				continue;

			/* ignore snapshots */
			if (strchr(entry.mnt_special, '@') != NULL)
				continue;

			if ((zhp = zfs_open(g_zfs, entry.mnt_special,
			    ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM)) == NULL) {
				ret = 1;
				continue;
			}

			switch (op) {
			case OP_SHARE:
				verify(zfs_prop_get(zhp, ZFS_PROP_SHARENFS,
				    nfs_mnt_prop,
				    sizeof (nfs_mnt_prop),
				    NULL, NULL, 0, B_FALSE) == 0);
				if (strcmp(nfs_mnt_prop, "off") != 0)
					break;
				verify(zfs_prop_get(zhp, ZFS_PROP_SHARESMB,
				    nfs_mnt_prop,
				    sizeof (nfs_mnt_prop),
				    NULL, NULL, 0, B_FALSE) == 0);
				if (strcmp(nfs_mnt_prop, "off") == 0)
					continue;
				break;
			case OP_MOUNT:
				/* Ignore legacy mounts */
				verify(zfs_prop_get(zhp, ZFS_PROP_MOUNTPOINT,
				    nfs_mnt_prop,
				    sizeof (nfs_mnt_prop),
				    NULL, NULL, 0, B_FALSE) == 0);
				if (strcmp(nfs_mnt_prop, "legacy") == 0)
					continue;
				/* Ignore canmount=noauto mounts */
				if (zfs_prop_get_int(zhp, ZFS_PROP_CANMOUNT) ==
				    ZFS_CANMOUNT_NOAUTO)
					continue;
			default:
				break;
			}

			node = safe_malloc(sizeof (unshare_unmount_node_t));
			node->un_zhp = zhp;
			node->un_mountp = safe_strdup(entry.mnt_mountp);

			uu_avl_node_init(node, &node->un_avlnode, pool);

			if (uu_avl_find(tree, node, NULL, &idx) == NULL) {
				uu_avl_insert(tree, node, idx);
			} else {
				zfs_close(node->un_zhp);
				free(node->un_mountp);
				free(node);
			}
		}

		/*
		 * Walk the AVL tree in reverse, unmounting each filesystem and
		 * removing it from the AVL tree in the process.
		 */
		if ((walk = uu_avl_walk_start(tree,
		    UU_WALK_REVERSE | UU_WALK_ROBUST)) == NULL)
			nomem();

		while ((node = uu_avl_walk_next(walk)) != NULL) {
			uu_avl_remove(tree, node);

			switch (op) {
			case OP_SHARE:
				if (zfs_unshareall_bypath(node->un_zhp,
				    node->un_mountp) != 0)
					ret = 1;
				break;

			case OP_MOUNT:
				if (zfs_unmount(node->un_zhp,
				    node->un_mountp, flags) != 0)
					ret = 1;
				break;
			}

			zfs_close(node->un_zhp);
			free(node->un_mountp);
			free(node);
		}

		uu_avl_walk_end(walk);
		uu_avl_destroy(tree);
		uu_avl_pool_destroy(pool);

	} else {
		if (argc != 1) {
			if (argc == 0)
				(void) fprintf(stderr,
				    gettext("missing filesystem argument\n"));
			else
				(void) fprintf(stderr,
				    gettext("too many arguments\n"));
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}

		/*
		 * We have an argument, but it may be a full path or a ZFS
		 * filesystem.  Pass full paths off to unmount_path() (shared by
		 * manual_unmount), otherwise open the filesystem and pass to
		 * zfs_unmount().
		 */
		if (argv[0][0] == '/')
			return (unshare_unmount_path(op, argv[0],
			    flags, B_FALSE));

		if ((zhp = zfs_open(g_zfs, argv[0],
		    ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM)) == NULL)
			return (1);

		verify(zfs_prop_get(zhp, op == OP_SHARE ?
		    ZFS_PROP_SHARENFS : ZFS_PROP_MOUNTPOINT,
		    nfs_mnt_prop, sizeof (nfs_mnt_prop), NULL,
		    NULL, 0, B_FALSE) == 0);

		switch (op) {
		case OP_SHARE:
			verify(zfs_prop_get(zhp, ZFS_PROP_SHARENFS,
			    nfs_mnt_prop,
			    sizeof (nfs_mnt_prop),
			    NULL, NULL, 0, B_FALSE) == 0);
			verify(zfs_prop_get(zhp, ZFS_PROP_SHARESMB,
			    sharesmb, sizeof (sharesmb), NULL, NULL,
			    0, B_FALSE) == 0);

			if (strcmp(nfs_mnt_prop, "off") == 0 &&
			    strcmp(sharesmb, "off") == 0) {
				(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot "
				    "unshare '%s': legacy share\n"),
				    zfs_get_name(zhp));
				(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("use "
				    "unshare(1M) to unshare this "
				    "filesystem\n"));
				ret = 1;
			} else if (!zfs_is_shared(zhp)) {
				(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot "
				    "unshare '%s': not currently "
				    "shared\n"), zfs_get_name(zhp));
				ret = 1;
			} else if (zfs_unshareall(zhp) != 0) {
				ret = 1;
			}
			break;

		case OP_MOUNT:
			if (strcmp(nfs_mnt_prop, "legacy") == 0) {
				(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot "
				    "unmount '%s': legacy "
				    "mountpoint\n"), zfs_get_name(zhp));
				(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("use "
				    "umount(1M) to unmount this "
				    "filesystem\n"));
				ret = 1;
			} else if (!zfs_is_mounted(zhp, NULL)) {
				(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("cannot "
				    "unmount '%s': not currently "
				    "mounted\n"),
				    zfs_get_name(zhp));
				ret = 1;
			} else if (zfs_unmountall(zhp, flags) != 0) {
				ret = 1;
			}
			break;
		}

		zfs_close(zhp);
	}

	return (ret);
}

/*
 * zfs unmount -a
 * zfs unmount filesystem
 *
 * Unmount all filesystems, or a specific ZFS filesystem.
 */
static int
zfs_do_unmount(int argc, char **argv)
{
	return (unshare_unmount(OP_MOUNT, argc, argv));
}

/*
 * zfs unshare -a
 * zfs unshare filesystem
 *
 * Unshare all filesystems, or a specific ZFS filesystem.
 */
static int
zfs_do_unshare(int argc, char **argv)
{
	return (unshare_unmount(OP_SHARE, argc, argv));
}

/*
 * Called when invoked as /etc/fs/zfs/mount.  Do the mount if the mountpoint is
 * 'legacy'.  Otherwise, complain that use should be using 'zfs mount'.
 */
static int
manual_mount(int argc, char **argv)
{
	zfs_handle_t *zhp;
	char mountpoint[ZFS_MAXPROPLEN];
	char mntopts[MNT_LINE_MAX] = { '\0' };
	int ret = 0;
	int c;
	int flags = 0;
	char *dataset, *path;

	/* check options */
	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, ":mo:O")) != -1) {
		switch (c) {
		case 'o':
			(void) strlcpy(mntopts, optarg, sizeof (mntopts));
			break;
		case 'O':
			flags |= MS_OVERLAY;
			break;
		case 'm':
			flags |= MS_NOMNTTAB;
			break;
		case ':':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing argument for "
			    "'%c' option\n"), optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
			break;
		case '?':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"),
			    optopt);
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("usage: mount [-o opts] "
			    "<path>\n"));
			return (2);
		}
	}

	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	/* check that we only have two arguments */
	if (argc != 2) {
		if (argc == 0)
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing dataset "
			    "argument\n"));
		else if (argc == 1)
			(void) fprintf(stderr,
			    gettext("missing mountpoint argument\n"));
		else
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("too many arguments\n"));
		(void) fprintf(stderr, "usage: mount <dataset> <mountpoint>\n");
		return (2);
	}

	dataset = argv[0];
	path = argv[1];

	/* try to open the dataset */
	if ((zhp = zfs_open(g_zfs, dataset, ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM)) == NULL)
		return (1);

	(void) zfs_prop_get(zhp, ZFS_PROP_MOUNTPOINT, mountpoint,
	    sizeof (mountpoint), NULL, NULL, 0, B_FALSE);

	/* check for legacy mountpoint and complain appropriately */
	ret = 0;
	if (strcmp(mountpoint, ZFS_MOUNTPOINT_LEGACY) == 0) {
		if (mount(dataset, path, MS_OPTIONSTR | flags, MNTTYPE_ZFS,
		    NULL, 0, mntopts, sizeof (mntopts)) != 0) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("mount failed: %s\n"),
			    strerror(errno));
			ret = 1;
		}
	} else {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("filesystem '%s' cannot be "
		    "mounted using 'mount -F zfs'\n"), dataset);
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("Use 'zfs set mountpoint=%s' "
		    "instead.\n"), path);
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("If you must use 'mount -F zfs' "
		    "or /etc/vfstab, use 'zfs set mountpoint=legacy'.\n"));
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("See zfs(1M) for more "
		    "information.\n"));
		ret = 1;
	}

	return (ret);
}

/*
 * Called when invoked as /etc/fs/zfs/umount.  Unlike a manual mount, we allow
 * unmounts of non-legacy filesystems, as this is the dominant administrative
 * interface.
 */
static int
manual_unmount(int argc, char **argv)
{
	int flags = 0;
	int c;

	/* check options */
	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "f")) != -1) {
		switch (c) {
		case 'f':
			flags = MS_FORCE;
			break;
		case '?':
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"),
			    optopt);
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("usage: unmount [-f] "
			    "<path>\n"));
			return (2);
		}
	}

	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	/* check arguments */
	if (argc != 1) {
		if (argc == 0)
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing path "
			    "argument\n"));
		else
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("too many arguments\n"));
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("usage: unmount [-f] <path>\n"));
		return (2);
	}

	return (unshare_unmount_path(OP_MOUNT, argv[0], flags, B_TRUE));
}

static int
find_command_idx(char *command, int *idx)
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < NCOMMAND; i++) {
		if (command_table[i].name == NULL)
			continue;

		if (strcmp(command, command_table[i].name) == 0) {
			*idx = i;
			return (0);
		}
	}
	return (1);
}

static int
zfs_do_diff(int argc, char **argv)
{
	zfs_handle_t *zhp;
	int flags = 0;
	char *tosnap = NULL;
	char *fromsnap = NULL;
	char *atp, *copy;
	int err = 0;
	int c;

	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "FHt")) != -1) {
		switch (c) {
		case 'F':
			flags |= ZFS_DIFF_CLASSIFY;
			break;
		case 'H':
			flags |= ZFS_DIFF_PARSEABLE;
			break;
		case 't':
			flags |= ZFS_DIFF_TIMESTAMP;
			break;
		default:
			(void) fprintf(stderr,
			    gettext("invalid option '%c'\n"), optopt);
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}
	}

	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	if (argc < 1) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr,
		gettext("must provide at least one snapshot name\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}

	if (argc > 2) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("too many arguments\n"));
		usage(B_FALSE);
	}

	fromsnap = argv[0];
	tosnap = (argc == 2) ? argv[1] : NULL;

	copy = NULL;
	if (*fromsnap != '@')
		copy = strdup(fromsnap);
	else if (tosnap)
		copy = strdup(tosnap);
	if (copy == NULL)
		usage(B_FALSE);

	if (atp = strchr(copy, '@'))
		*atp = '\0';

	if ((zhp = zfs_open(g_zfs, copy, ZFS_TYPE_FILESYSTEM)) == NULL)
		return (1);

	free(copy);

	/*
	 * Ignore SIGPIPE so that the library can give us
	 * information on any failure
	 */
	(void) sigignore(SIGPIPE);

	err = zfs_show_diffs(zhp, STDOUT_FILENO, fromsnap, tosnap, flags);

	zfs_close(zhp);

	return (err != 0);
}

int
main(int argc, char **argv)
{
	int ret = 0;
	int i;
	char *progname;
	char *cmdname;

	(void) setlocale(LC_ALL, "");
	(void) textdomain(TEXT_DOMAIN);

	opterr = 0;

	if ((g_zfs = libzfs_init()) == NULL) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("internal error: failed to "
		    "initialize ZFS library\n"));
		return (1);
	}

	zpool_set_history_str("zfs", argc, argv, history_str);
	verify(zpool_stage_history(g_zfs, history_str) == 0);

	libzfs_print_on_error(g_zfs, B_TRUE);

	if ((mnttab_file = fopen(MNTTAB, "r")) == NULL) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("internal error: unable to "
		    "open %s\n"), MNTTAB);
		return (1);
	}

	/*
	 * This command also doubles as the /etc/fs mount and unmount program.
	 * Determine if we should take this behavior based on argv[0].
	 */
	progname = basename(argv[0]);
	if (strcmp(progname, "mount") == 0) {
		ret = manual_mount(argc, argv);
	} else if (strcmp(progname, "umount") == 0) {
		ret = manual_unmount(argc, argv);
	} else {
		/*
		 * Make sure the user has specified some command.
		 */
		if (argc < 2) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("missing command\n"));
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}

		cmdname = argv[1];

		/*
		 * The 'umount' command is an alias for 'unmount'
		 */
		if (strcmp(cmdname, "umount") == 0)
			cmdname = "unmount";

		/*
		 * The 'recv' command is an alias for 'receive'
		 */
		if (strcmp(cmdname, "recv") == 0)
			cmdname = "receive";

		/*
		 * Special case '-?'
		 */
		if (strcmp(cmdname, "-?") == 0)
			usage(B_TRUE);

		/*
		 * Run the appropriate command.
		 */
		libzfs_mnttab_cache(g_zfs, B_TRUE);
		if (find_command_idx(cmdname, &i) == 0) {
			current_command = &command_table[i];
			ret = command_table[i].func(argc - 1, argv + 1);
		} else if (strchr(cmdname, '=') != NULL) {
			verify(find_command_idx("set", &i) == 0);
			current_command = &command_table[i];
			ret = command_table[i].func(argc, argv);
		} else {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("unrecognized "
			    "command '%s'\n"), cmdname);
			usage(B_FALSE);
		}
		libzfs_mnttab_cache(g_zfs, B_FALSE);
	}

	(void) fclose(mnttab_file);

	libzfs_fini(g_zfs);

	/*
	 * The 'ZFS_ABORT' environment variable causes us to dump core on exit
	 * for the purposes of running ::findleaks.
	 */
	if (getenv("ZFS_ABORT") != NULL) {
		(void) printf("dumping core by request\n");
		abort();
	}

	return (ret);
}