components/timezone/europe
branchs11u1-sru
changeset 2885 d30d6b93a93a
parent 2538 9286db7c4b70
child 1822 b9fc8aa825e4
equal deleted inserted replaced
2883:734543bc15a9 2885:d30d6b93a93a
    27 #	which I found in the UCLA library.
    27 #	which I found in the UCLA library.
    28 #
    28 #
    29 #	<a href="http://www.pettswoodvillage.co.uk/Daylight_Savings_William_Willett.pdf">
    29 #	<a href="http://www.pettswoodvillage.co.uk/Daylight_Savings_William_Willett.pdf">
    30 #	William Willett, The Waste of Daylight, 19th edition
    30 #	William Willett, The Waste of Daylight, 19th edition
    31 #	</a> (1914-03)
    31 #	</a> (1914-03)
       
    32 #
       
    33 #	Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94
       
    34 #	<http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>.  He writes:
       
    35 #	"It is requested that corrections and additions to these tables
       
    36 #	may be sent to Mr. John Milne, Royal Geographical Society,
       
    37 #	Savile Row, London."  Nowadays please email them to [email protected]
    32 #
    38 #
    33 #	Brazil's Departamento Servico da Hora (DSH),
    39 #	Brazil's Departamento Servico da Hora (DSH),
    34 #	<a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/HISTHV.htm">
    40 #	<a href="http://pcdsh01.on.br/HISTHV.htm">
    35 #	History of Summer Time
    41 #	History of Summer Time
    36 #	</a> (1998-09-21, in Portuguese)
    42 #	</a> (1998-09-21, in Portuguese)
   515 # Rule C-Eur 1945 only - Sep 16  2:00 0 -
   521 # Rule C-Eur 1945 only - Sep 16  2:00 0 -
   516 #
   522 #
   517 # It seems that Paris, Monaco, Rule France, Rule Belgium all agree on
   523 # It seems that Paris, Monaco, Rule France, Rule Belgium all agree on
   518 # 2:00 standard time, e.g. 3:00 local time.  However there are no
   524 # 2:00 standard time, e.g. 3:00 local time.  However there are no
   519 # countries that use C-Eur rules in September 1945, so the only items
   525 # countries that use C-Eur rules in September 1945, so the only items
   520 # affected are apparently these ficticious zones that translates acronyms
   526 # affected are apparently these fictitious zones that translate acronyms
   521 # CET and MET:
   527 # CET and MET:
   522 #
   528 #
   523 # Zone CET  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT
   529 # Zone CET  1:00 C-Eur CE%sT
   524 # Zone MET  1:00 C-Eur ME%sT
   530 # Zone MET  1:00 C-Eur ME%sT
   525 #
   531 #
   664 			1:00	-	CET	1985 Mar 31 2:00
   670 			1:00	-	CET	1985 Mar 31 2:00
   665 			1:00	EU	CE%sT
   671 			1:00	EU	CE%sT
   666 
   672 
   667 # Austria
   673 # Austria
   668 
   674 
       
   675 # Milne says Vienna time was 1:05:21.
       
   676 
   669 # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): Shanks & Pottenger give 1918-06-16 and
   677 # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): Shanks & Pottenger give 1918-06-16 and
   670 # 1945-11-18, but the Austrian Federal Office of Metrology and
   678 # 1945-11-18, but the Austrian Federal Office of Metrology and
   671 # Surveying (BEV) gives 1918-09-16 and for Vienna gives the "alleged"
   679 # Surveying (BEV) gives 1918-09-16 and for Vienna gives the "alleged"
   672 # date of 1945-04-12 with no time.  For the 1980-04-06 transition
   680 # date of 1945-04-12 with no time.  For the 1980-04-06 transition
   673 # Shanks & Pottenger give 02:00, the BEV 00:00.  Go with the BEV,
   681 # Shanks & Pottenger give 02:00, the BEV 00:00.  Go with the BEV,
   681 Rule	Austria	1947	only	-	Apr	 6	2:00s	1:00	S
   689 Rule	Austria	1947	only	-	Apr	 6	2:00s	1:00	S
   682 Rule	Austria	1948	only	-	Apr	18	2:00s	1:00	S
   690 Rule	Austria	1948	only	-	Apr	18	2:00s	1:00	S
   683 Rule	Austria	1980	only	-	Apr	 6	0:00	1:00	S
   691 Rule	Austria	1980	only	-	Apr	 6	0:00	1:00	S
   684 Rule	Austria	1980	only	-	Sep	28	0:00	0	-
   692 Rule	Austria	1980	only	-	Sep	28	0:00	0	-
   685 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
   693 # Zone	NAME		GMTOFF	RULES	FORMAT	[UNTIL]
   686 Zone	Europe/Vienna	1:05:20 -	LMT	1893 Apr
   694 Zone	Europe/Vienna	1:05:21 -	LMT	1893 Apr
   687 			1:00	C-Eur	CE%sT	1920
   695 			1:00	C-Eur	CE%sT	1920
   688 			1:00	Austria	CE%sT	1940 Apr  1 2:00s
   696 			1:00	Austria	CE%sT	1940 Apr  1 2:00s
   689 			1:00	C-Eur	CE%sT	1945 Apr  2 2:00s
   697 			1:00	C-Eur	CE%sT	1945 Apr  2 2:00s
   690 			1:00	1:00	CEST	1945 Apr 12 2:00s
   698 			1:00	1:00	CEST	1945 Apr 12 2:00s
   691 			1:00	-	CET	1946
   699 			1:00	-	CET	1946
  1237 			1:00	C-Eur	CE%sT	1945 May 24 2:00
  1245 			1:00	C-Eur	CE%sT	1945 May 24 2:00
  1238 			1:00 SovietZone	CE%sT	1946
  1246 			1:00 SovietZone	CE%sT	1946
  1239 			1:00	Germany	CE%sT	1980
  1247 			1:00	Germany	CE%sT	1980
  1240 			1:00	EU	CE%sT
  1248 			1:00	EU	CE%sT
  1241 
  1249 
       
  1250 # From Tobias Conradi (2011-09-12):
       
  1251 # Busingen <http://www.buesingen.de>, surrounded by the Swiss canton
       
  1252 # Schaffhausen, did not start observing DST in 1980 as the rest of DE
       
  1253 # (West Germany at that time) and DD (East Germany at that time) did.
       
  1254 # DD merged into DE, the area is currently covered by code DE in ISO 3166-1,
       
  1255 # which in turn is covered by the zone Europe/Berlin.
       
  1256 #
       
  1257 # Source for the time in Busingen 1980:
       
  1258 # http://www.srf.ch/player/video?id=c012c029-03b7-4c2b-9164-aa5902cd58d3
       
  1259 
       
  1260 # From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-03):
       
  1261 # Busingen and Zurich have shared clocks since 1970.
       
  1262 
       
  1263 Link	Europe/Zurich	Europe/Busingen
       
  1264 
  1242 # Georgia
  1265 # Georgia
  1243 # Please see the "asia" file for Asia/Tbilisi.
  1266 # Please see the "asia" file for Asia/Tbilisi.
  1244 # Herodotus (Histories, IV.45) says Georgia north of the Phasis (now Rioni)
  1267 # Herodotus (Histories, IV.45) says Georgia north of the Phasis (now Rioni)
  1245 # is in Europe.  Our reference location Tbilisi is in the Asian part.
  1268 # is in Europe.  Our reference location Tbilisi is in the Asian part.
  1246 
  1269 
  2041 			2:00	E-Eur	EE%sT	1997
  2064 			2:00	E-Eur	EE%sT	1997
  2042 			2:00	EU	EE%sT
  2065 			2:00	EU	EE%sT
  2043 
  2066 
  2044 # Russia
  2067 # Russia
  2045 
  2068 
       
  2069 # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-09-15):
       
  2070 # Based on last Russian Government Decree # 725 on August 31, 2011
       
  2071 # (Government document
       
  2072 # <a href="http://www.government.ru/gov/results/16355/print/">
       
  2073 # http://www.government.ru/gov/results/16355/print/
       
  2074 # </a>
       
  2075 # in Russian)
       
  2076 # there are few corrections have to be made for some Russian time zones...
       
  2077 # All updated Russian Time Zones were placed in table and translated to English
       
  2078 # by WorldTimeZone.com at the link below:
       
  2079 # <a href="http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_russia36.htm">
       
  2080 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_russia36.htm
       
  2081 # </a>
       
  2082 
       
  2083 # From Sanjeev Gupta (2011-09-27):
       
  2084 # Scans of [Decree #23 of January 8, 1992] are available at:
       
  2085 # <a href="http://government.consultant.ru/page.aspx?1223966">
       
  2086 # http://government.consultant.ru/page.aspx?1223966
       
  2087 # They are in Cyrillic letters (presumably Russian).
       
  2088 
       
  2089 # From Arthur David Olson (2012-05-09):
       
  2090 # Regarding the instant when clocks in time-zone-shifting parts of Russia
       
  2091 # changed in September 2011:
       
  2092 #
       
  2093 # One source is
       
  2094 # < a href="http://government.ru/gov/results/16355/>
       
  2095 # http://government.ru/gov/results/16355/
       
  2096 # </a>
       
  2097 # which, according to translate.google.com, begins "Decree of August 31,
       
  2098 # 2011 No 725" and contains no other dates or "effective date" information.
       
  2099 #
       
  2100 # Another source is
       
  2101 # <a href="http://www.rg.ru/2011/09/06/chas-zona-dok.html">
       
  2102 # http://www.rg.ru/2011/09/06/chas-zona-dok.html
       
  2103 # </a>
       
  2104 # which, according to translate.google.com, begins "Resolution of the
       
  2105 # Government of the Russian Federation on August 31, 2011 N 725" and also
       
  2106 # contains "Date first official publication: September 6, 2011 Posted on:
       
  2107 # in the 'RG' - Federal Issue number 5573 September 6, 2011" but which
       
  2108 # does not contain any "effective date" information.
       
  2109 #
       
  2110 # Another source is
       
  2111 # <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oymyakonsky_District#cite_note-RuTime-7">
       
  2112 # http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oymyakonsky_District#cite_note-RuTime-7
       
  2113 # </a>
       
  2114 # which, in note 8, contains "Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011...
       
  2115 # Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication"
       
  2116 # but which does not contain any reference to September 6, 2011.
       
  2117 #
       
  2118 # The Wikipedia article refers to
       
  2119 # <a href="http://base.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc;base=LAW;n=118896">
       
  2120 # http://base.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc;base=LAW;n=118896
       
  2121 # </a>
       
  2122 # which seems to copy the text of the government.ru page.
       
  2123 #
       
  2124 # Tobias Conradi combines Wikipedia's
       
  2125 # "as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication"
       
  2126 # with www.rg.ru's "Date of first official publication: September 6, 2011" to get
       
  2127 # September 13, 2011 as the cutover date (unusually, a Tuesday, as Tobias Conradi notes).
       
  2128 #
       
  2129 # None of the sources indicates a time of day for changing clocks.
       
  2130 #
       
  2131 # Go with 2011-09-13 0:00s.
       
  2132 
  2046 # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
  2133 # From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
  2047 # Except for Moscow after 1919-07-01, I invented the time zone abbreviations.
  2134 # Except for Moscow after 1919-07-01, I invented the time zone abbreviations.
  2048 # Moscow time zone abbreviations after 1919-07-01, and Moscow rules after 1991,
  2135 # Moscow time zone abbreviations after 1919-07-01, and Moscow rules after 1991,
  2049 # are from Andrey A. Chernov.  The rest is from Shanks & Pottenger,
  2136 # are from Andrey A. Chernov.  The rest is from Shanks & Pottenger,
  2050 # except we follow Chernov's report that 1992 DST transitions were Sat
  2137 # except we follow Chernov's report that 1992 DST transitions were Sat
  2268 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2003-10-18): [This region consists of]
  2355 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2003-10-18): [This region consists of]
  2269 # Evrejskaya avtonomnaya oblast', Khabarovskij kraj, Primorskij kraj,
  2356 # Evrejskaya avtonomnaya oblast', Khabarovskij kraj, Primorskij kraj,
  2270 # [parts of] Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya).
  2357 # [parts of] Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya).
  2271 
  2358 
  2272 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):
  2359 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):
  2273 # The Sakha districts are: Bulunskij, Verkhoyanskij, Tomponskij, Ust'-Majskij,
  2360 # The Sakha districts are: Bulunskij, Verkhoyanskij, ... Ust'-Yanskij.
  2274 # Ust'-Yanskij.
       
  2275 Zone Asia/Vladivostok	 8:47:44 -	LMT	1922 Nov 15
  2361 Zone Asia/Vladivostok	 8:47:44 -	LMT	1922 Nov 15
  2276 			 9:00	-	VLAT	1930 Jun 21 # Vladivostok Time
  2362 			 9:00	-	VLAT	1930 Jun 21 # Vladivostok Time
  2277 			10:00	Russia	VLA%sT	1991 Mar 31 2:00s
  2363 			10:00	Russia	VLA%sT	1991 Mar 31 2:00s
  2278 			 9:00	Russia	VLA%sST	1992 Jan 19 2:00s
  2364 			 9:00	Russia	VLA%sST	1992 Jan 19 2:00s
  2279 			10:00	Russia	VLA%sT	2011 Mar 27 2:00s
  2365 			10:00	Russia	VLA%sT	2011 Mar 27 2:00s
  2280 			11:00	-	VLAT
  2366 			11:00	-	VLAT
       
  2367 
       
  2368 # From Arthur David Olson (2012-05-09):
       
  2369 # Tomponskij and Ust'-Majskij switched from Vladivostok time to Yakutsk time
       
  2370 # in 2011.
       
  2371 #
       
  2372 # From Paul Eggert (2012-11-25):
       
  2373 # Shanks and Pottenger (2003) has Khandyga on Yakutsk time.
       
  2374 # Make a wild guess that it switched to Vladivostok time in 2004.
       
  2375 # This transition is no doubt wrong, but we have no better info.
       
  2376 #
       
  2377 Zone Asia/Khandyga	 9:02:13 -	LMT	1919 Dec 15
       
  2378 			 8:00	-	YAKT	1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time
       
  2379 			 9:00	Russia	YAK%sT	1991 Mar 31 2:00s
       
  2380 			 8:00	Russia	YAK%sT	1992 Jan 19 2:00s
       
  2381 			 9:00	Russia	YAK%sT	2004
       
  2382 			10:00	Russia	VLA%sT	2011 Mar 27 2:00s
       
  2383 			11:00	-	VLAT	2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725?
       
  2384 			10:00	-	YAKT
       
  2385 
  2281 #
  2386 #
  2282 # Sakhalinskaya oblast'.
  2387 # Sakhalinskaya oblast'.
  2283 # The Zone name should be Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, but that's too long.
  2388 # The Zone name should be Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, but that's too long.
  2284 Zone Asia/Sakhalin	 9:30:48 -	LMT	1905 Aug 23
  2389 Zone Asia/Sakhalin	 9:30:48 -	LMT	1905 Aug 23
  2285 			 9:00	-	CJT	1938
  2390 			 9:00	-	CJT	1938
  2294 # Magadanskaya oblast', Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya).
  2399 # Magadanskaya oblast', Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya).
  2295 # Probably also: Kuril Islands.
  2400 # Probably also: Kuril Islands.
  2296 
  2401 
  2297 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):
  2402 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):
  2298 # The Sakha districts are: Abyjskij, Allaikhovskij, Verkhhhnekolymskij, Momskij,
  2403 # The Sakha districts are: Abyjskij, Allaikhovskij, Verkhhhnekolymskij, Momskij,
  2299 # Nizhnekolymskij, Ojmyakonskij, Srednekolymskij.
  2404 # Nizhnekolymskij, ... Srednekolymskij.
  2300 Zone Asia/Magadan	10:03:12 -	LMT	1924 May  2
  2405 Zone Asia/Magadan	10:03:12 -	LMT	1924 May  2
  2301 			10:00	-	MAGT	1930 Jun 21 # Magadan Time
  2406 			10:00	-	MAGT	1930 Jun 21 # Magadan Time
  2302 			11:00	Russia	MAG%sT	1991 Mar 31 2:00s
  2407 			11:00	Russia	MAG%sT	1991 Mar 31 2:00s
  2303 			10:00	Russia	MAG%sT	1992 Jan 19 2:00s
  2408 			10:00	Russia	MAG%sT	1992 Jan 19 2:00s
  2304 			11:00	Russia	MAG%sT	2011 Mar 27 2:00s
  2409 			11:00	Russia	MAG%sT	2011 Mar 27 2:00s
  2305 			12:00	-	MAGT
  2410 			12:00	-	MAGT
  2306 #
  2411 
       
  2412 # From Arthur David Olson (2012-05-09):
       
  2413 # Ojmyakonskij and the Kuril Islands switched from
       
  2414 # Magadan time to Vladivostok time in 2011.
       
  2415 Zone Asia/Ust-Nera	 9:32:54 -	LMT	1919 Dec 15
       
  2416 			 8:00	-	YAKT	1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time
       
  2417 			 9:00	Russia	YAKT	1981 Apr  1
       
  2418 			11:00	Russia	MAG%sT	1991 Mar 31 2:00s
       
  2419 			10:00	Russia	MAG%sT	1992 Jan 19 2:00s
       
  2420 			11:00	Russia	MAG%sT	2011 Mar 27 2:00s
       
  2421 			12:00	-	MAGT	2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725?
       
  2422 			11:00	-	VLAT
       
  2423 
  2307 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25): [This region consists of]
  2424 # From Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25): [This region consists of]
  2308 # Kamchatskaya oblast', Koryakskij avtonomnyj okrug.
  2425 # Kamchatskaya oblast', Koryakskij avtonomnyj okrug.
  2309 #
  2426 #
  2310 # The Zone name should be Asia/Petropavlovsk-Kamchatski, but that's too long.
  2427 # The Zone name should be Asia/Petropavlovsk-Kamchatski, but that's too long.
  2311 Zone Asia/Kamchatka	10:34:36 -	LMT	1922 Nov 10
  2428 Zone Asia/Kamchatka	10:34:36 -	LMT	1922 Nov 10
  2660 			2:00	EU	EE%sT
  2777 			2:00	EU	EE%sT
  2661 Link	Europe/Istanbul	Asia/Istanbul	# Istanbul is in both continents.
  2778 Link	Europe/Istanbul	Asia/Istanbul	# Istanbul is in both continents.
  2662 
  2779 
  2663 # Ukraine
  2780 # Ukraine
  2664 #
  2781 #
  2665 # From Igor Karpov, who works for the Ukranian Ministry of Justice,
  2782 # From Igor Karpov, who works for the Ukrainian Ministry of Justice,
  2666 # via Garrett Wollman (2003-01-27):
  2783 # via Garrett Wollman (2003-01-27):
  2667 # BTW, I've found the official document on this matter. It's goverment
  2784 # BTW, I've found the official document on this matter. It's government
  2668 # regulations number 509, May 13, 1996. In my poor translation it says:
  2785 # regulations number 509, May 13, 1996. In my poor translation it says:
  2669 # "Time in Ukraine is set to second timezone (Kiev time). Each last Sunday
  2786 # "Time in Ukraine is set to second timezone (Kiev time). Each last Sunday
  2670 # of March at 3am the time is changing to 4am and each last Sunday of
  2787 # of March at 3am the time is changing to 4am and each last Sunday of
  2671 # October the time at 4am is changing to 3am"
  2788 # October the time at 4am is changing to 3am"
  2672 
  2789 
  2696 # Today my Ukrainian colleagues have informed me that the
  2813 # Today my Ukrainian colleagues have informed me that the
  2697 # Ukrainian parliament have decided that they will go to winter
  2814 # Ukrainian parliament have decided that they will go to winter
  2698 # time this year after all.
  2815 # time this year after all.
  2699 #
  2816 #
  2700 # From Udo Schwedt (2011-10-18):
  2817 # From Udo Schwedt (2011-10-18):
  2701 # As far as I understand, the recent change to the Ukranian time zone
  2818 # As far as I understand, the recent change to the Ukrainian time zone
  2702 # (Europe/Kiev) to introduce permanent daylight saving time (similar
  2819 # (Europe/Kiev) to introduce permanent daylight saving time (similar
  2703 # to Russia) was reverted today:
  2820 # to Russia) was reverted today:
  2704 #
  2821 #
  2705 # <a href="http://portal.rada.gov.ua/rada/control/en/publish/article/info_left?art_id=287324&cat_id=105995">
  2822 # <a href="http://portal.rada.gov.ua/rada/control/en/publish/article/info_left?art_id=287324&cat_id=105995">
  2706 # http://portal.rada.gov.ua/rada/control/en/publish/article/info_left?art_id=287324&cat_id=105995
  2823 # http://portal.rada.gov.ua/rada/control/en/publish/article/info_left?art_id=287324&cat_id=105995